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The 7 th Congress of European family Therapy Association-EFTA, Paris 29,30,31 Ottobre 2010. “ Kaleidoscopes.Use of art images in systemic couple therapy ” Conny Leporatti Psychologist, Psychotherapist Family Therapy Istitute of Florence Co.Me.Te Center of Empoli Director

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the 7 th congress of european family therapy association efta paris 29 30 31 ottobre 2010
The 7thCongress of European family Therapy Association-EFTA, Paris29,30,31 Ottobre 2010

“Kaleidoscopes.Use of art images in systemic couple therapy”

Conny Leporatti

Psychologist, Psychotherapist

Family Therapy Istitute of Florence

Co.Me.Te Center of Empoli Director

Florence University Teacher

slide2

“You will draw the figures in such a way as to be sufficient to demonstrate that which the figures has in his soul, or else your art will not be praiseworthy.”(Leonardo da Vinci, Book of Painting)

from art and physiognomy
FROM ART AND PHYSIOGNOMY

Physiognomy is an ancient art, and it was with Leonardo that it entered into the modern age.

The study of the stirrings of the human soul, expressed in facial characteristics influenced the work of artists over the course of the history of western art, and anticipated and reflected the development of Psychology.

from art and physiognomy1
FROM ART AND PHYSIOGNOMY

In the nineteenth century physiognomy enjoyed immense popularity and was expressed extensively in paintings ( such as those of Gericault and Van Gogh), as well as in scientific theories ( for exemple in the theories of Darwin and the criminology of Lombroso).

Following Freud's Interpretation of Dreams of 1900, art and psychology became so united that they built a continous thread woving through all of modern art.

from art and phsysiognomy to psychology and therapy
FROM ART AND PHSYSIOGNOMY TO PSYCHOLOGY AND THERAPY

The intention of the present adress is to catalyse

reflection on the use of art images in

systematic-relational individual therapy.

from art and phsysiognomy to psychology and therapy1
FROM ART AND PHSYSIOGNOMY TO PSYCHOLOGY AND THERAPY

Systemic individual therapy adresses the relational dimension:

Family Relations;

Relation to the self and to one's internal world, which is conceptualised in Walter Benjamin's “OPTICAL UNCONSCIOUS”;

In systemic individual therapy we explore with the client these various internal and external systems through reference also to the relational dynamic of the client/therapist system.

images and therapy
IMAGES AND THERAPY

Verbal communication is usually more controllable than non-verbal communication, and it is often satured with superfluous or distracting elements that can create barriers to a clear undestanding of a client's core problems.

rodolfo de bernart
RODOLFO DE BERNART

“For a systemic relational therapist seeing is as important as hearing”Rodolfo de Bernart.

By comparing what he/she sees in the client with what from him he/she listens to, the therapist can achieve a more complex reading of the communication in therapy.

rodolfo de bernart1
RODOLFO DE BERNART

The non-verbal channel has always been very important for the systematic-relational therapist because it is less controlable and less elaborated, making it more “beliavable”.

For almost twenty years we have used different techniques during clinical work with individuals, couples, families, and groups of patients, and in training sessions with our students.

slide10
Our students in training are taught to recognize the dissonances between what clients say, the “external image”, and what they exhibit non-verbally, the “internal image”.

From these observations they can create relational hypotheses which the level of accuracy will become evident as therapy proceeds.

katia giacometti
KATIA GIACOMETTI

“ A person has their own internal “image” of a situation, an initial level of representation, that puts distance between the individual and their relational story, a distance that allows unthreatening reciprocal listening, thinking and dialogue”.

Working with art images permits construction and reconstruction of an experience through actualisation and dramatisation of the internal relation world.

Through the art image it is possible to build access to this internal world, a world not easily reachable and often defended and masked by the verbal channel

images and individual therapy
IMAGES AND INDIVIDUAL THERAPY

The image is an alternative way of articulating parts of the self and others from a deeper subjective perspective.

In my office I make available images in the form of catalogues of 200 pictures dating from the time of Leonardo da Vinci.

I ask each patient to choose an image representative of a theme I suggest (sexuality, couple, etc)

I ask each patient to “read” the image of the other

I ask each patient to express their reasons for choosing such an image

The following sessions are dedicated to deepening the comprehension of themes and images just come to the surface

images in couple therapy

IMAGES IN COUPLE THERAPY

- I ask each patient to choose an image representative of a theme I suggest (sexuality, couple, etc.)

I ask each patient to ‘read’ the image of the other

-I ask each patient to express their reasons for choosing such an image

-The following sessions are dedicated to deepening the comprehension of themes and images just come to the surface

the case of elena and marco
THE CASE OF ELENA AND MARCO

Elena, 34, and Marco, 39, are both architects and work together in Marco’s family firm; they have been married 6 years, and have no children.

They come to therapy following the advice of their andrologyst, whom they have been seeing about impotence problem Marco has suffered from for a year and a half.

His problem does not disappear notwithstanding their tries at solving it, including the use of medicines.

Both show unease, unhappiness and frustration.

We work on their history as a couple and on their original families

I ask them both to choose an image to represent their couple.

marco chooses giorgio de chirico hector and andromacha 1917

Marco chooses:Giorgio de Chirico, “Hector and Andromacha”,1917

Elena says of Marco’s choise: “That is us, our work, our love for architecture, our many projects and wanted lives; but in the end we’re still stuck there”.

elena chooses giorgio de chirico the archeologists 1966

Elena chooses:Giorgio de Chirico, The archeologists, 1966

Marco says of Elena’s choise: “Her image shows us as she would want us, in a sanctuary alone and separated from the rest of the world; but I have a black hole in my chest, and I can’t fill it”.

slide17

From the analysis of the crossed reading there emerges Marco’s guilt towards his brother Alessandro: their father has decided to put Marco in charge of the familiy firm and the relationship between the siblings has deteriorated

Elena, weeping, complains about the forceful interference of her husband’s family in their life

Both declare they can understand the situation/emotions of the other, but that they do not know how to “snap out of it”

I ask them again to choose an image that represents how they feel in the couple

slide20

Weeping, Elena expresses her unease at her relationship with her father-in-law, whom she perceives as greatly intrusive in her marriage, and whose influence she thinks badly conditions her approach to Marco and their intimancy as a couple.

Marco is speechless and declares that although he had guessed as much, he would not believe it.

I ask them to choose an image to express what they desire for the other in their relationship as a couple

slide23

Elena rejoices at the idea of semen, which she associates with a long-desired son; Marco remains silent and eventually accepts it.

In the meantime their sexual interaction has resumed and they have distanced themselves from Marco’s family

I ask them to choose an image to represent their couple now

slide24

Marco chooses:

Egon Schiele, “Embrace”, 1917

elena chooses marc chagall over the city 1914 1918 elena us free to go free to do as we please
Elena chooses:

Marc Chagall, “Over the city”, 1914-1918

Elena: “Us, free to go, free to do as we please…”

slide26

Marco’s impotence has been left behind, the relations within the couple have been re-established and the relationship with the outer world has been redefined, the projects of the couple are now aimed at the same goal (a child): I declare the therapy over.

slide27

About two years after the ending of the therapy I receive a card from them: it is a reproduction of Egon Schiele, “The family”, 1918.

It is signed “Elena, Marco and Thomas”.

manuale di somministrazione

MANUALE DI SOMMINISTRAZIONE

TEST IMMAGINI D’ ARTE

Conny Leporatti

Rodolfo De Berdart

Michal Dusik

ISTITUTO DI TERAPIA FAMILIARE DI FIRENZE

somministrazione completa
SOMMINISTRAZIONE COMPLETA
  • Si somministrano 10 voci.
  • Modalità: chiedere al paziente di scegliere in 2 minuti un immagine per ogni voce.
  • Durata: due minuti a voce per scegliere un immagine.
  • Totale 290 minuti per dieci voci.
  • Modalità: chiedere per ogni immagine scelta le motivazioni della scelta.
  • Durata: 3 minuti per immagine.
  • Totale 30 minuti.
  • Totale durata somministrazione 50 minuti.
situazioni
Situazioni
  • La Coppia: La Coppia
  • Individuo Femminile
  • Individuo Maschile
  • Sesso
  • Cibo
  • La Coppia La Famiglia
  • genitoriale Il Padre
  • La Madre
  • Il Bambino/I Fratelli*
  • I Genitori
  • La Famiglia La Famiglia
  • I Genitori
  • Il Bambino I Fratelli*
  • I Nonni
  • Le Case
  • *se vi è un figlio unico somministrare la voce “il bambino”, se vi sono fratelli, somministrare la voce “fratelli”.
patologie

Patologie

Disturbi del Comportamento Alimentare (DCA)

Il cibo

La madre

Il padre

Il bambino/I fratelli

DCA

Psicosi e Borderline

La malattia

IL sesso

Il cibo

I genitori

La morte

patologie1
Patologie

Depressione

La famiglia

La malattia

La morte

Il cibo

Il bambino

Attacchi di panico

La famiglia

La vecchiaia

Il cibo

Il lavoro

Il gioco

patologie2
Patologie
  • Nevrosi
  • La famiglia
  • Il cibo
  • Il sesso
  • La malattia
  • La vecchiaia
  • Comportamento – Compulsivo
  • La casa
  • Il lavoro
  • Il gioco
  • La malattia
  • La morte
patologie3
Patologie
  • Problemi di coppia e problemi sessuali
  • Il sesso
  • La coppia
  • Identità maschile
  • Identità femminile
  • Identità di genere
  • Fobie scolari
  • Il bambino
  • Il gioco
  • La casa
  • I genitori
  • Il cibo
patologie4
Patologie
  • Problemi di comportamento
  • Il bambino
  • Il gioco
  • La famiglia
  • I fratelli
  • I nonni
  • Deficit di Attenzione e Iperattività
  • Il bambino
  • Il padre
  • La madre
  • I fratelli
bibliografia

BIBLIOGRAFIA

Andolfi, M. (1977). La terapia con la famiglia. Roma: Astrolabio.

Andolfi, M. e Angelo C. (1985). Famiglia e individuo in una prospettiva trigenerazionale. Terapia Familiare, 19, pp. 17 – 23.

Bateson G. (1976). Verso un’ecologia della mente. Milano: Adelphi.

Bateson G. (1984). Mente e natura. Un’unità necessaria. Milano: Adelphi.

Benjamin, W. (1966). Piccola storia della fotografia, in L’opera d’arte nell’epoca della sua riproducibilità tecnica. Torino: Einaudi.

Bion, W. R. (1972). Apprendere dall’esperienza. Roma: Armando.

Bion, W. R. (1973). Attenzione e interpretazione. Roma: Armando

Bion, W. R. (1973). Trasformazioni: Il passaggio dall’apprendimento alla crescita. Roma: Armando.

bibliografia1
BIBLIOGRAFIA
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  • Bowen, M. (1979). Dalla famiglia all’individuo. Roma: Astrolabio.
  • Caillé, Ph. e Rey, Y. (2005). Gli oggetti fluttuanti. Metodi di interviste sistemiche. Roma: Armando.
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bibliografia2
BIBLIOGRAFIA
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  • Caroli, F. (2005). Tutti i volti dell’arte. Da Leonardo a Basquiat. Milano: Mondadori.
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  • De Bernart, R., & Burlali B. (1987). Il Letto a Sei Piazze. In Caroli, F. (2001) L’Arte della psicologia della psicanalisi. Psicobiettivo, 1.
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bibliografia3
BIBLIOGRAFIA
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  • De Bernart, R. (2007, Giugno-Dicembre - 2008, Gennaio-Giugno). Immagine e Implicito. Maieutica, 27-30.
  • De Bernart, R. (2008). La Relazione Terapeutica: l’approccio sistemico relazionale. In Petrini P., & Zucconi A.. La Relazione che Cura, cap. 36. Roma: Alpes Italia.
  • Foreste H. von (1987). Sistemi che osservano (a cura di M. Ceruti e U. Telfener). Roma: Astrolabio.
  • Fano Cassese, S. (2001). Introduzione al pensiero di Donald Meltzer. Roma: Borla Edizioni.
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bibliografia4
BIBLIOGRAFIA
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bibliografia5
BIBLIOGRAFIA
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bibliografia6
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