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Privacy and Educators. Developed by Rurik Rory-Nakerud Graduate School of Education Portland State University Updated July, 2014. What is Privacy?. The ability to control the degree to which people and institutions impinge upon one ’ s life. Hildreth & Hoyt, 1981

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privacy and educators

Privacy and Educators

Developed by Rurik Rory-Nakerud

Graduate School of Education

Portland State University

Updated July, 2014

what is privacy
What is Privacy?
  • The ability to control the degree to which people and institutions impinge upon one’s life.
      • Hildreth & Hoyt, 1981
  • The right claimed by an individual to control the disclosure of personal information about themselves.
      • Adams, 2000
collection of children s information
Collection of Children’s Information
  • PEW Research Internet Project (2013):
    • 78% of teens use a cell phone
    • 74% access the Internet
    • 93% have a computer at home
    • 23% have a tablet computer
  • Study conducted by Cai and Gantz (2000) indicated that the majority of Web sites targeted at children collect personal information from their under-age users.
why is privacy important for teachers
Why is Privacy Important for Teachers?
  • Federal law mandates that teachers protect the information they gather and record regarding their students (National Center for Education Statistics, 1998).
        • FERPA
        • COPPA
        • Supreme Court Decisions
  • Failure to do so could result in personal and professional liability.
privacy practices common law
Privacy Practices—Common Law
  • Information should not be conveyed to other teachers/administrators unless the motive is to enhance performance.
  • Pupil information should be transmitted only upon request.
  • Records should be released only if there is a statutory requirement or the pupil/parents request the release.
privacy legislation for educators
Privacy Legislation for Educators
  • Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act , 1974 (FERPA):
    • Requires that educators demonstrate “due diligence” in protecting student data, information, records, and other sensitive information.
    • Teachers can be personally held liable for failing to maintain the integrity of such data.
  • Parents/guardians have a right to inspect all records.
  • Record of access maintained regarding individuals examining the files.
  • Appeals to contents are permitted.
  • Records must be kept confidential—no release unless there is permission.
    • Birth date, address, ss#, grades, test results, discipline records, attendance, health records, pictures, etc.
practical privacy techniques for teachers
Practical Privacy Techniques for Teachers:
  • Practice Proper Information Security Techniques
  • E-Mail Awareness
  • Use of Encryption
  • Download Precautions
  • Close the Cookie Jar
  • Read Privacy Statements
  • Set up a Second Online Account
dissemination of privacy practices to students
Dissemination of Privacy Practices to Students:
  • Fundamentals of protecting privacy is a “new” skill that schools should address
      • (Willard, 2000)
  • Privacy issues need to be embedded within the curriculum as readily as technical skills
      • (FTC, 2001)
  • Short lessons and natural teaching moments work well for identifying the topic.
  • Teachers must serve as a role model for privacy protection practices.
  • As technology is introduced into schools, it is critical to combine the technical skills with the soft (ethical) skills surrounding the media.
  • Attention needs to given to both teachers and students upon this topic.
  • Teachers must practice privacy techniques daily---to protect the information and serve as a positive role model.
resources for teaching internet safety to students
Resources for Teaching Internet Safety to Students
  • Investigate
    • Explore the safety advice and tools, paying particular attention to the information for child safety, parents of pre-teens and parents of teens
  • Investiate
    • Explore the downloadable teaching materials for educators including tip sheets on social networking, cyberbullying, sexting, and cybersecurity.
excellent resources
Excellent Resources:
  • Stealth Surfing by Matt Lake:,aid,16350,00.asp

  • Follett Software Company: Privacy Sites:

  • Make Your PC Hacker Proof by Jeff Sengstack:,aid,17759,00.asp