DENTAL JEOPARDY! Advanced Edition National Museum of DentistryBaltimore, Maryland Click or press Enter to BEGIN GAME Grab a pencil to keep track of your score! Sponsored by: Office of Oral Health Family Health Administration Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Click on picture to link to National Museum of Dentistry/YSI website Watch Your Mouth Cavity Creeps Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles Heavy Metal 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 Click to end game 500 500 500 500 500
Cavity Creeps100 Points What is a cavity? A hole in enamel, the outer protective layer of a tooth A tooth that got knocked out A filling in a tooth A. B. C. Click here To see to the correct answer
Cavity Creeps 100 Points Enamel • A cavity is a hole in tooth enamel. • Tooth enamel is weakened by acid attacks from bacteria that create plaque and acid. • Acidic foods and drinks such as citrus and sodas also attack tooth enamel.
Cavity Creeps 200 Points What is Plaque? (Plak) Halitosis - also known as bad breath Periodontal (gum) disease Biofilm - a smelly, sticky layer of germs on and in between your teeth A. B. C. Click here To see to the correct answer
Cavity Creeps 200 Points C. Plaque is a biofilm – a layer of smelly, sticky layer of germs on and in between your teeth. • Brushing and flossing remove plaque. • Daily rinsing with an antibacterial mouthrinse for 30 seconds helps to reduce the amount of bacteria. Mouthrinse does not remove plaque.
Cavity Creeps 300 Points What does plaque and sugar make? Acid Periodontal (gum) disease Halitosis A. B. C. Click here To see to the correct answer
Cavity Creeps 300 Points • Plaque and sugar makeACID. • Bacteria in plaque feed on sugar and create acid. • Every sip or swallow of a sugary food or drink starts a new acid attack. • Acid attacks last 20-40 minutes.
Cavity Creeps 400 Points If you have a cavity but don’t see a dentist, the cavity will… Get bigger Stay the same size, if you brush more Get better and disappear, if you brush and floss more frequently A. B. C. Click here To see to the correct answer
Cavity Creeps 400 Points A. If you have a cavity but don’t see a dentist the cavity will get BIGGER. • People have died from untreated cavities. • Brushing and flossing more frequently will not remove the cavity. • See a dentist when the cavity is small– it will save you time, money and avoid toothache pain.
Cavity Creeps 500 Points How can you keep from getting a cavity? Brush your teeth at least twice a day Floss your teeth daily Visit the dentist regularly All of the above A. B. C. D. Click here To see to the correct answer
Cavity Creeps 500 Points D. You can keep from getting a cavity by: • Brushing at least twice a day • Flossing daily • Visiting the dentist regularly • Also, limit snacking on starchy or sugar sweetened foods and drinks like juice and soda.
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How does fluoride protect teeth? Fluoride makes cavities disappear Fluoride makes tooth enamel stronger Fluoride kills the germs that live in plaque B and C Watch Your Mouth 100 Points A. B. C. D. Click here To see to the correct answer
Watch Your Mouth 100 Points B and C!Fluoride makes tooth enamel stronger and it kills germs living in plaque. • Fluoride is a natural element found in rocks and soil, in fresh water, and in ocean water. • Fluoride is added to toothpaste and many community water supplies. • American Dental Association • Fluoride and Fluoridation For more information check out: Centers for Disease Control Community Water Fluoridation - Oral Health
Watch Your Mouth 200 Points What does a mouth guard do? A mouth guard keeps you from talking too much A mouth guard protects your teeth in case they get hit A mouth guard keeps you from saying the wrong thing at the wrong time A. B. C. Click here To see to the correct answer
Watch Your Mouth 200 Points B. A mouth guard protects your teeth in case they get hit during a sports activity. • A mouth guard should be: • Tough and tear resistant • Comfortable and fit properly • Easy to clean • Allow you to speak and breathe Custom mouth guards made by a dentist offer more protection and are preferred over mouth guards bought at sporting goods or department stores.
Watch Your Mouth 300 Points What should you do if a permanent tooth is knocked out? A. Forget about it! You’ll grow another. Find it! Scrub it clean and push it back in place. Wait a few days to see the dentist. B. Find it! Hold it by the crown (top) and gently place it in milk or water. Don’t scrub it! Go to the dentist immediately! C. Click here To see to the correct answer
Watch Your Mouth 300 Points C. Find it! Hold it by the crown (top) and gently place it in milk or water. Don’t scrub it! Go to the dentist immediately! You have only one set of permanent teeth. If you lose a permanent tooth, it will not grow back.
Watch Your Mouth 400 Points Image downloaded from http://www.buzzle.com 1/19/12.. Chew or spit tobacco is also called smokeless tobacco. Since you do not inhale smoke it is NOT as addictive or dangerous as cigarettes or cigars. True False A. B. Click here To see to the correct answer
Watch Your Mouth 400 Points • B. False. Smokeless tobacco (dip, snuff, chew, spit)… • Contains more nicotine than cigarettes. • Causes gum disease. Sugar in spit tobacco causes cavities in exposed tooth roots. • Leathery white patches, called leukoplakia (loo-ko-play-kia), and red sores in the mouth are common. They can turn into cancer. Sean Marsee: Former track star and snuff dipper. Dead at age 19 from mouth cancer. Images downloaded from www.whyquit.com 1/8/12. Sean Marsee story and anti-tobacco links • Mouth cancers are among the toughest cancers to treat. • On average, only half of those with mouth cancer will survive more than five years.
Watch Your Mouth 500 Points Tobacco that is smoked in cigars or cigarettes or spit/chewed can cause oral cancer. How many chemicals are in tobacco products? More than 20 More than 500 More than 4,000 None of the above A. B. C. D. Click here To see to the correct answer
Watch Your Mouth 500 Points C.More than 4,000: • Some of the chemicals in tobacco smoke are: • Nicotine (addictive) • Ammonia (cleaning fluid) • Butane – (lighter fluid) • Arsenic – (poisonous) • Lead – (poisonous) • Formaldehyde (embalming fluid) Some of the chemicals are poisonous and known to cause cancer. • Some of the chemicals in spit or chew tobacco are: • Nicotine (addictive) • Polonium 235 (nuclear waste) • Cadmium (used in car batteries) • N-Nitrosamines and Benzo-pyrene (cancer causing agents) • Formaldehyde (embalming fluid)
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Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 100 Points What can you do to keep your teeth healthy after eating something sweet? Rinse with water Chew sugarless gum Eat a piece of cheese or drink milk (not chocolate milk!) Brush your teeth All of the above A. B. C. D. E. Click here To see to the correct answer
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 100 Points E. All of the above! To keep your smile healthy after eating something sweet you can rinse with water, chew sugarless gum, eat a piece of cheese, drink milk or brush your teeth.
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 200 Points What’s the best thing to drink in between meals? Water Soda Fruit Juice Milk A. B. C. D. Click here To see to the correct answer
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 200 Points A. Water • Drink water between meals for a healthier smile, glowing skin and happy kidneys. • No need to worry about empty calories and gaining weight. • Many communities add fluoride to their water systems to help fight cavities.
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 300 Points Calcium makes teeth and bones strong. Which foods have calcium? Milk and cheese Spinach and collard greens Oranges, apples, strawberries A and B All of the above A. B. C. D. E. Click here To see to the correct answer
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 300 Points D. All of these foods have calcium. • Calcium makes teeth and bones strong. • Males and females between 9-18 years of age need 1,300mg of calcium daily. For more information: United States Department of Agriculture What Is Dairy? - Food Groups - ChooseMyPlate.gov NIH - National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Milk Matters - Resources for Parents, Tweens, Teens and Teachers
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 400 Points Which is a better choice: Apple juice Apple slices or Click here To see to the correct answer
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 400 Points • Apple slices are the better choice! • Apple slices are crunchy and juicy. • The fiber in apple slices helps you feel fuller for a longer period of time than juice.
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 500 Points To prevent getting cavities, which is more important? What you eat How often you eat They are both important It doesn’t matter A. B. C. D. Click here To see to the correct answer
Healthy Foods 4 Healthy Smiles 500 Points C. They are both important! • What you eat: Avoid sticky candies that cling to your teeth. • Sticky candies, like taffy and gummy bears, take longer to get washed away by saliva, increasing the risk for tooth decay. • How often: Avoid sucking on hard candy and sweets that stay in your mouth for a long time. • Unless it is a sugar-free product, candies that stay in the mouth for a long period of time expose teeth to prolonged acid attacks, increasing the risk for tooth decay. Acid attacks usually last 20-40 minutes and begin again with each bite or sip of something sweet.
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Heavy Metal 100 Points A dentist who specializes in straightening teeth and correcting a misaligned bite is called an: A. Orthodontist Anthropologist Audiologist B. C. Click here To see to the correct answer
Heavy Metal 100 Points A. An orthodontist An orthodontist has completed dental school and also has additional years of training to become certified by a national licensing board.
Heavy Metal 200 Points Braces have brackets and wires that can easily trap food particles and plaque. This puts you at high risk for: Cavities Periodontal (gum) disease Halitosis (bad breath) A and B All of the above A. B. C. D. E. Click here To see to the correct answer
Heavy Metal 200 Points E. All of the above Cavities, periodontal disease and halitosis can all be prevented by: • Rinsing your mouth with water after eating. • Brushing at least twice a day with toothpaste that has fluoride. Your orthodontist may prescribe a toothpaste or mouthrinse that has a higher concentration of fluoride. • If you wear braces, use a floss threader daily.
Heavy Metal 300 Points An oral piercing can interfere with speech, chewing or swallowing. It may also cause: A. Excessive drooling, nerve damage Infection, pain and swelling Chipped or cracked teeth Injuries to gums All of the above B. C. D. E. Click here To see to the correct answer
Image downloaded from http://student.ahc.umn.edu/piercethesilence/oralpiercing.htm, 12/12/11. Heavy Metal 300 Points E. All of the above If excessive drooling, nerve damage, infection, pain and swelling, chipped or cracked teeth, and injuries to gums isn’t enough, piercings can also cause: Gum recession from lip bolt. • Hypersensitivity to metals • Decreased sense of taste • Damage to fillings • Scar tissue These harmful effects can happen during the piercing, soon after, or even long after the procedure.
Image downloaded from http://www.drchetan.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/tongue-piercing-operation.jpg on 12/12/11. Heavy Metal 400 Points Healing can take a month or more with a tongue piercing. Why? The tongue is in constant motion The mouth is full of bacteria that can lead to infection All of the above A. B. C. Click here To see to the correct answer
Watch out! Infection! Heavy Metal 400 Points C. All of the above • The tongue is in constant motion which slows and complicates the healing process. • The moist environment of the mouth is a perfect breeding ground for bacteria. • Bacteria and an open wound are a high risk for infection. Image downloaded from http://student.ahc.umn.edu/piercethesilence/oralpiercing.htm, 12/12/11.
Heavy Metal 500 Points Watch This First! An oral piercing: Can be a trendy and costly fashion statement Risks your oral health and overall health Requires extra attention All of the above A. Priceless! B. C. D. Source: http://student.ahc.umn.edu//dental/2011/piercethesilence/viewads/PTS_fashion_web4.mov Click here To see to the correct answer
Heavy Metal 500 Points D. All of the above • What seems stylish now may cost more in the long run. • An infection can become life threatening. Oral piercings carry a risk of endocarditis, a potentially fatal heart disease or hepatitis, a liver disease. • A pierced tongue may swell and cause difficulty breathing. • Piercings require constant attention and upkeep. Talk to your dentist first. Images downloaded from http://www.shorelineperio.com/blog/oral-piercings-costly-fashion-statement/, 12/12/11. Inflamed and infected gums and loss of bone and gum tissue following use of a plastic tongue ring.
Find answers athttp://www.dentalmuseum.org/ysi/ 100 Points DNA is found in the nucleus of a cell in tight bundles called chromosomes. DNA is important because it: Contains all of our genetic information Determines how tall a person may be Decides the color of a persons eyes All of the above A. B. C. D. Click here To see to the correct answer
100 Points D. DNA determines almost everything about us! • We are 99.9% the same; but our uniqueness is found in 0.1% of our DNA sequence. • Unless you are an identical twin, no one else in the world has the same genetic information as you. • Scientists may use DNA from teeth to identify decomposed bodies.
Find answers athttp://www.dentalmuseum.org/ysi/ 200 Points Research suggests that bacteria causing periodontitis (advanced gum disease) can enter the blood and affect other health problems including: A. Heart disease and stroke Diabetes All of the above B. C. Click here To see to the correct answer
200 Points C.All of the above. Periodontitis contributes to heart disease, stroke and diabetes. • Oral bacteria entering the bloodstream due to advanced gum disease may attach to fat in the arteries helping to form clots and could lead to heart attack or stroke. • Diabetics develop gum disease more easily because diabetes slows the body’s natural healing process. Blood sugar levels may be adversely affected by advanced gum disease.