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An Educational Planning Tool (LEIC) for Learners with FASD. September 29, 2010 Whitehorse, Y.T. Kathi Hughes and Stacey Wakabayashi. Purpose. To explain a planning tool, LEIC (Learner, Environment, Instruction, Curriculum), for learners with complex needs

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An Educational Planning Tool (LEIC) for Learners with FASD


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    1. An Educational Planning Tool (LEIC) for Learners with FASD September 29, 2010 Whitehorse, Y.T. Kathi Hughes and Stacey Wakabayashi

    2. Purpose • To explain a planning tool, LEIC (Learner, Environment, Instruction, Curriculum), for learners with complex needs • To share our research project that combined the planning tool and teacher mentoring • To share resources

    3. Introductions / FASD Overview 10:30-10:50 LEIC Planning Tool 10:50-11:15 LEIC case study 11:15-11:30 Research 11:30-11:45 Questions / Resources 11:45-12:00 Agenda

    4. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder FASD describes a spectrum of disorders caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol.

    5. FASD: Diagnostic categories Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    6. adapted from: http://www.cerebralpalsychildren.com/CPFetal.html

    7. Shift in Thinking • View FASD as a physical disability • IS problem to HAS problem • Won’t to Can’t • Non-compliance to non-competence

    8. LEIC(adapted from Dr. Carl Anserello’s “ICEL”) • L earner (strengths, needs, primary disabilities, secondary behaviours, expectations of setting/brain) *Poor fit? • E nvironment (set up of classroom, sensory issues) • I nstruction / Communication (teaching and communicating strategies/accommodations) • C urriculum / Resources (adaptations/strategies/accommodations, etc)

    9. Where is this learner at? What are his/her strengths? Sensory seeking? Avoiding? Learning style? Interests? Other pertinent info?

    10. Tony LEIC Wheel

    11. Every Brain is Different

    12. Primary Disability A functional deficit that is the result of permanent brain injury.

    13. Impulsivity Linking actions to outcomes Predicting outcomes Generalizing information Abstracting Staying still Paying attention Memory Processing pace Sequencing Over stimulation Sensory issues Perseveration Language Dysmaturity or “uneven maturation” Primary Disabilities

    14. Poor Fit? Requirements of your brain • process quickly • remember, utilize prior information, formulate Possible Primary Disabilities • slow processing • memory difficulties Expectations in the Environment - give a quick response • provide a related, descriptive sentence

    15. “Secondary Disabilities” / Behaviours • The feelings / behaviours that develop over time when the primary disabilities are not supported (Streissguth, 1996)but….might be other manifestations of the primary brain alterations (Clarren, 2009)

    16. Frustration Anxiety Shutdown Anger Fatigue Isolation Poor self esteem Depression School problems Trouble with law Drug and alcohol issues Independent living challenges Mental health issues Parenting difficulties Secondary Disabilities / Behaviours

    17. What are we expecting of this leaner? What does this student have difficulties with? VS What are we seeing in the classroom?

    18. Accommodations- creating a “good fit” • Strategies and/or adaptations that address the brain disability and reduce the likelihood of secondary disabilities • Accommodations based on the unique profile of each learner

    19. Accommodations - Good Fit Environment Instruction Curriculum

    20. Case Study-group work • Listen to description of learner • Use LEIC sheet to create accommodations to support 1 or 2 of the primary disabilities • Utilize student’s strengths, interests, and learning style • Use Guiding Questions for help

    21. IEPs LEIC Accommodations

    22. Victoria FoundationResearch Project • UNBC/SD57/UBC/POPFASD/VF • 6 primary teachers/ 8 students • 2 day training • Classroom visits - weekly • Team planning meeting using LEIC • Support to teachers implementing accommodations

    23. Value of the Intervention to Teachers “Every time I learned new things that I can incorporate. Even just raising the level of understanding, how can I make this better and how can I help this kid.”

    24. Timing of the Intervention “This way you’re constantly improving throughout the year because there’s the next meeting and the next meeting and something else is being brought forward and plenty of time to share with the other people that are there.”

    25. Impact on Teaching Practice “It made me change the way I was looking at that child and their behaviour. It just shed a totally different light.”

    26. Summary • Use LEIC Planning Tool to guide solution finding for individual learners • Involve all team members in the planning meetings • Encourage a strengths-based approach • Support the classroom teachers by assisting with the implementation of accommodations

    27. Final Thoughts • Every brain is different so… “Try differently rather than harder” (Malbin) • “Every day is a new day” (Anon)

    28. Thank you POPFASD Office 250-564-6574 www.fasdoutreach.ca