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What They Don't Know CAN Hurt Them
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  1. What They Don't KnowCAN Hurt Them Ryan Curtis, Ph.D. Ast. Dir. of Undergraduate Studies Scott Roberts, Ph.D. Dir. of Undergraduate Studies Department of Psychology University of Maryland

  2. Log in to channel 23 • PRESS: • (Ch) or (Go) • (4) • (1) • (Ch) or (Go) • The green light should • display for 2 seconds • You are now ready to respond

  3. Which of these poses the greatest risk to a college students success? • Alcohol abuse • Drug abuse • Abusive relationships • Academic dishonesty • Unprotected sexual intercourse • All are equally problematic • None are a problem for my students Poll

  4. How much money did the average person in this room make last year? • < $50,000 • $50,001-$60,000 • $60,001-$70,000 • $70,001-$80,000 • $80,001-$90,000 • $90,001-$100,000 • $100,001-$110,000 • $110,001-$120,000 • >$120,001 Poll

  5. How much money did YOUmake last year? • < $50,000 • $50,001-$60,000 • $60,001-$70,000 • $70,001-$80,000 • $80,001-$90,000 • $90,001-$100,000 • $100,001-$110,000 • $110,001-$120,000 • >$120,001 Poll

  6. Assumption Errors • Assumptions are the best predictors of Jonesian Intelligence (Jacobs, 1998) • Assumption Errors are bad • Have been linked with risky alcohol consumption (Prentice & Miller, 1993) and sexual behavior (Hines, et al. 2002)

  7. Assumption Errors • Assumptions are the best predictors of Jonesian Intelligence (Jacobs, 1998) • Assumption Errors are bad • Have been linked with risky alcohol consumption (Prentice & Miller, 1993) and sexual behavior (Hines, et al. 2002) I totally made this up This part is true

  8. Pluralistic Ignorance • https://depts.washington.edu/etuwb/ltblog/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/college-students-classroom.jpg (modified) Questions? I’m confused, but everyone else seems to understand

  9. Pluralistic Ignorance • https://depts.washington.edu/etuwb/ltblog/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/college-students-classroom.jpg (modified) Questions? ? ? ? ? ? ?

  10. Pluralistic Ignorance • http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-whOKbNHf3As/T4B3rRRAuTI/AAAAAAAAAz8/7JkGXzG7ul8/s400/you.jpg Everyone in the group is different from me… Multiple members of the group share this assumption

  11. What’s Wrong with Feeling Unique? • http://ww1.prweb.com/prfiles/2010/08/30/250633/drinking1.jpg http://www.totallifecounseling.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/College-Binge-Drinking-400x260.jpg http://thumb9.shutterstock.com/thumb_large/401815/401815,1328794249,4/stock-photo-teenage-girl-tired-of-reading-sleeping-on-the-bed-with-a-book-on-her-face-isolated-on-white-94764160.jpg Everyone else was getting drunk… Last Friday Night? … and then had sex

  12. ACTUAL Norm “Getting 'drunk' frequently is ok because it is an important part of the college experience” Perkins and Berkowitz (1986) http://campusinsight.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/silhouette-dancing-people.jpg

  13. ERRONEOUS Norm “Getting 'drunk' frequently is ok because it is an important part of the college experience” Assumed Average Perkins and Berkowitz (1986) http://campusinsight.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/silhouette-dancing-people.jpg

  14. Fundamental Attribution Error • http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-rUw8r4Fyr9I/ToH_If5JPoI/AAAAAAAAAVU/xrJnD_jfce4/s1600/doing_shots.jpg I only drink like this on special occasions. But these guys really love to drink!

  15. We tend to do what we think is normal… • http://www.flickr.com/photos/9349642@N07/3611036085/sizes/l/

  16. …because no one wants to be rejected… • http://www.flickr.com/photos/andreaswinterer/2222245735/sizes/l/

  17. Serious and Silly Norms • http://cdn04.cdn.justjared.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/hale-jjhp/lucy-hale-chris-zylka-just-jared-halloween-party-04.jpg Asch (1951) “Line Study” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-2NduSCLiMA

  18. Consequences of Perceived Disconnect • http://ww1.prweb.com/prfiles/2010/08/30/250633/drinking1.jpg http://timewellness.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/h_14272279.jpg?w=360&h=240&crop=1 http://im.glogster.com/media/1/1/28/7/1280715.jpg ALIENATION ASSIMILATION (Prentice & Miller, 1993)

  19. 150-Seat Sections of PSYC 100 • http://www.ashleypettitliving.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/alcoholic-beverages.jpg http://img.gawkerassets.com/img/181r8oee0jpbdjpg/xlarge.jpg Classmate? WEEK UMD Student? You? MONTH LIFE

  20. The Results

  21. The Results

  22. Academic Dishonesty

  23. Academic Dishonesty

  24. Note – insert comparison on salaries

  25. Teaching Conference Results Assumed Actual

  26. Combating Ignorance (Schroeder & Prentice,1998) • Discussion group • Peer-focused • Show data on pluralistic ignorance • Individual-focused • How to make responsible decisions

  27. Combating Ignorance (Schroeder & Prentice,1998) • 4-6 months later…

  28. Combating Ignorance (Schroeder & Prentice,1998) • 4-6 months later…

  29. In Class • Technologies • Clickers • Clickers.umd.edu • Poll everywhere • Polleverywhere.com • Low Tech • Post-Its

  30. Out of Class • Technologies • Surveys • Blackboard/Canvas • Qualtrics/Surveymonkey/Googledocs • Wiki • Blog • Discussion Board

  31. How would you use clickers to combat assumption errors?

  32. Feedback from Students • “I loved that the clickers were able to show us information about the others around me while keeping it anonymous. It taught me a great deal about pluralistic ignorance.” • “It was interactive, it told us what the reality was in our class and shed light on the concept of pluralistic ignorance. My expectations were very different than the reality often times. It showed us things that were counter intuitive so that we paid attention when you told us what the actual answer is.”

  33. Thank you! Ryan Curtis, Ph.D. curtis@umd.edu Scott Roberts, Ph.D. scott@umd.edu Department of Psychology University of Maryland