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Model-View-Controller Architecture
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  1. Model-View-Controller Architecture Hector Raphael Mojica

  2. What is MVC? • Architectural design pattern which works to separate data and UI for a more cohesive and modularized system

  3. What is MVC? • Model represents the data model • “Manages behavior and data of the application domain” • View represents the screen(s) shown to the user • “Manages the graphical and/or textual output to the portion of the bitmapped display that is allocated to its application” • Controller represents interactions from the user that changes the data and the view • “Interprets the mouse and keyboard inputs from the user, commanding the model and/or the view to change as appropriate” (Burbeck)

  4. How did it come about? • Presented by Trygve Reenskaug in 1979 • First used in the Smalltalk-80 framework • Used in making Apple interfaces (Lisa and Macintosh)

  5. How does it work? • User inputs a command • Controller handles input and updates model or changes the view • View, which relies on model to show data to user, updates if necessary • Rinse and Repeat

  6. What is MVC?

  7. What’s the point? • Provides a logical structure for heavily interactive system • Adheres to good engineering design principles and practices • Information hiding, less coupling, simplicity, etc. • Delegated control style

  8. What’s the point? • Just plain easier (even if it doesn’t look it)! • Study shows that most introductory CS college students tend to clump a UI program into one big monolithic main class • Unfamiliarity stems from student tendency to program according to styles presented in textbooks and not being introduced to design principles early (Morse)

  9. Conclusion • MVC is a sound architectural design for almost any GUI application

  10. References • Wikipedia • Fox, Christopher. Introduction to Software Engineering Design. Boston: Pearson, 2006. • Burbeck, Steve. Applications Programming in Smalltalk-80(TM): How to use Model-View-Controller (MVC). http://st-www.cs.uiuc.edu/users/smarch/st-docs/mvc.html • Morse, Scot F. Introducing Application Design and Software Engineering Principles in Introductory CS Courses: Model-View-Controller Java Application Framework.