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DELIVERING A DEMAND LED SYSTEM IN THE U.S. THE ALAMO COMMUNITY COLLEGES APPROACH. LEARNING AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AGENCY NORTHERN IRELAND DR. BRUCE LESLIE, CHANCELLOR THE ALAMO COMMUNITY COLLEGES. Opportunities for Improvement. HOWDY Y’ALL!. Texas. San Antonio, Texas.
DELIVERING A DEMAND LED SYSTEM IN THE U.S.THE ALAMO COMMUNITY COLLEGES APPROACH LEARNING AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AGENCY NORTHERN IRELAND DR. BRUCE LESLIE, CHANCELLOR THE ALAMO COMMUNITY COLLEGES
REMEMBER THE ALAMO! • 40 Irish/Scots/English of 185 died at the Alamo • Davy Crockett and William Barret Travis were descendents of Ulster Irish • Sam Houston, President of The Republic ofTexas, and First Governor of Texas, was of Irish heritage
Mission San Jose Photo from SACVB
THE CLUSTER MODEL:THE 5 KEY ELEMENTS • DESCRIBE THE CLUSTER MODEL • ANALYZING THE DEMAND AND SUPPLY • PARTNERING • ASSESSMENTS AND CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENTS • SUCCESSFUL EXAMPLES – THE ACADEMIES
ELEMENT # 1: THE CLUSTER MODEL “A cluster is a geographically proximate group of interconnected companies and associated institutions in a particular field, linked by commonalities and complementarities.” - Michael Porter, Harvard University
HUMAN RESOURCES Provide a skilled and adaptable workforce TECHNOLOGY FINANCIAL CAPITAL Create mechanisms to increase capital access to innovative startups and firms in strategic or high growth industries Build R&D capacity to accelerate transition into higher value-added manufacturing and services PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE QUALITY OF LIFE BUSINESS CLIMATE Create a regulatory climate and tax structure that promotes strategic investment and encourages entrepreneurialism Preserve existing assets and build new ones to attract and retain talent, ideas, and firms Invest in world-class infrastructure that improves competitiveness of existing businesses and attracts outside investments Successful Cluster InitiativesBuild Comprehensive Economic Foundation Approach
In successful regions Clusters and Foundations support one another in a “Vital Cycle” New people and Ideas drawn to the region Competitive Clusters Tourism Quality Economic Foundations Media Financial Services Food Human Resources Life Sciences Machinery Information Technology Financial Capital Technology Energy Physical Infra-Structure BusinessClimate Quality Of Life New companies and industries formed in the region New firms Attracted to The region Capital drawn into the region
THE CLUSTERS MODEL • Community’s vision of the job’s it wants: • Qualitative approach to job creation • Defines and builds upon strengths of community
San Antonio’s Clusters • Aerospace/Military* • IT & Telecom* • Automotive/Advanced Manufacturing* • Finance/Business/Professional Services* • Construction Materials & Equipment* • Health and Bio Science* • Apparel & Textiles • Oil & Gas • Tourism/Food Processing • Transportation
WHY USE CLUSTERS TO MEET DEMAND? • Provides discrete analysis of needs and opportunities • Provides way to organize ACC’s approach to meeting demand • Provides understanding of relevant employers with which to engage • Provides focus and measurable strategies
21st Century Jobs Source - U.S. Department of Commerce - 21st. Century Skills for 21st. Century Jobs
An Industry Cluster-Based Approach to What do we Teach? Survey of Occupations; Understanding Career Ladders; Mapping of Skills; Address Barriers and Gaps in System of Skill Acquisition.
CONCEPTUALIZING WHERE AND HOW MANY NEEDED? • Quantitative analysis of employment and payroll data; • Qualitative research into the web of relationships in the cluster; • Validation with cluster employers;
ANALYZING THE SUPPLY • THECB- Closing the Gaps by 2015 • Census data: • Education, literacy, participation • Unemployment Insurance Data • Shows 5 - 10 year data • School/College enrollment/graduation patterns (Skills Training) • Identifies lack of need/skill alignment • Shows student skill preparedness • CBO’s (Adult Learners) • Employers
ELEMENT #3:PARTNERING • Requires “AGGRESSIVELY BEING AT THE TABLE” • DOL (Alamo WorkSource) • Chambers of Commerce • Industry Associations (SAMA) • Local & State Economic Development (County/City) • Cluster Organizations (SABio) • Advisory Committees • P16 Councils • Individuals and Individual Companies
“HIP-TO-HIP” WITH THE EDUCATION PARTNERS • Dual Credit • Tech Prep • Early College High School • College Connections • Early Remediation • College Readiness/Curriculum Alignment • The Pathways Project • Employability Skills/Completion Rates • Automatic University Transfer
DETERMINING COMPETENCIES TO MEET DEMAND • Key: Build Employers into Academic Structure • DACUM’s • Cluster/Association Reviews • Advisory Committee Reviews • Program Reviews • Build FUNDRAISING into Budget Development at each college • Build in Peer Reviews • Coordinating Board Review every 3 years • Program Accreditations • SACS College Accreditation
DETERMINING THE STANDARDS • Company Information • World Class Norms within Company • Toyota utilizes TPS Global Standards • Boeing & Lockheed Martin utilize international FAA standards and procedures • Rack Space utilizes CISCO, Red Hat, Oracle, and Microsoft certification standards • Multi-skill trend • National Industrial Standards Manufacturing • AMTEC (Automotive Manufacturing Training and Education Consortia)
THREE ACADEMIES • AEROSPACE • MANUFACTURING • INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY/SECURITY
ACADEMIES: Plus Space Camp P16 Plus of Greater Bexar County San Antonio City Employee Training
ACADEMY PARTNERS • The City of San Antonio • The Greater San Antonio Chamber of Commerce • Industry Associations (SAMA) • Public Schools (Tech Prep & Dual Credit) • Area Universities • Trinity University • UTSA
ACADEMY BENEFITS • STRUCTURE (CLUSTERS) • CURRICULUM – 2 +2 + 2 • INTIMATE BUSINESS AND SCHOOL SUPPORT • FUNDING • PROGRAM EQUIPMENT • STUDENTS: INTERNSHIPS, SCHOLARSHIPS, JOBS • AND – 30 COLLEGE HOURS/CERTIFICATE • AND - TRANSFER TO UNIVERSITY
ACADEMY GRADUATE STATISTICS • 368 graduates (98% continued higher education or obtained jobs with the Aerospace, Manufacturing or IT Industries, or joined the Military • Last 2 graduating classes (125) awarded over $345,000 in Scholarships • Average starting hourly wage all graduates: $10.25 per hour • Average starting pay $27,730: Salary: $21,320 ($10.25 x 2080 hrs) plus ~ $6,400 in benefits
DOL INVESTMENT IN ACC • Texas Workforce Commission: • $17 million to ACC in Skill Development Industry Cluster Training in 18 months.
LOCKHEED MARTIN ACADEMY HIRING • Since 2000, Lockheed Martin has employed 44 Academy graduates, over 13 percent of their direct labor force. • By 2012, Aerospace Academy graduates will represent 25 percent of the Lockheed Martin labor force.”
SUMMARY • THE CLUSTER MODEL PROVIDES VISION & STRUCTURE • BUSINESS MUST DRIVE THE PIPELINE • COLLABORATION ABSOLUTELY CRITICAL • DATA IS DIFFICULT TO OBTAIN • BEST PIPELINE IS WITH DIRECT PARTNERSHIP WITH THE COMPANY, SCHOOLS AND CBO’S
PIPELINE CHALLENGES • THIS IS COLLEGE! • STUDENTS DON’T WANT TO MISS OUT • MANY STUDENTS HAVE TO WORK • THE OPPORTUITIES ARE NOT WELL UNDERSTOOD • LOW LEVELS OF DEGREE COMPLETION
REFERENCES • WWW.ACCD.EDU (Chancellor) • Alamo WorkSource, The Alamo Regional Industry Cluster Analysis, July, 2005 • Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Closing the Gaps by 2015. Austin: Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2007 • ACT, Ready for College and Ready for Work: Same or Different?, 2006