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Be Stroke Smart . Reduce: stroke risk. Recognize: stroke symptoms. Respond : at the first sign of stroke, Call 911 immediately!. Stroke Facts. A leading cause of death in the United States 795,000 Americans suffer strokes each year 134,000 deaths each year 6,400,000 stroke survivors.

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Be Stroke Smart

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    1. Be Stroke Smart Reduce: stroke risk Recognize: stroke symptoms Respond: at the first sign of stroke, Call 911 immediately!

    2. Stroke Facts • A leading cause of death in the United States • 795,000 Americans suffer strokes each year • 134,000 deaths each year • 6,400,000 stroke survivors

    3. Stroke Facts • A leading cause of adult disability • Up to 80% of all strokes are preventable through risk factor management • On average, someone suffers a stroke every 40 seconds in America

    4. Well-known Stroke Survivors • Mary Kay Ash • Charles Schultz • Harry Caray • Charles Dickens • Ed Koch • Ted Williams Patricia Neal • President Gerald Ford • Teddy Bruschi • Sharon Stone • Della Reese • Kirk Douglas • Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy • Bette Davis

    5. Brain Attack! • Stroke is a “Brain Attack.” • Stroke happens in the brain not the heart • Stroke is an emergency. Call 911 for emergency treatment.

    6. Stroke Symptoms Sudden and severe headache Sudden confusion Trouble speaking Trouble seeing in one or both eyes Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg Sudden dizziness Trouble walking If you observe any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately. Time is Brain!

    7. Stroke Strikes F.A.S.T. You Should, Too. Call 9-1-1 • F = Face: ask the person to smile • A = Arm: ask the person to raise both arms • S = Speech: ask the person to speak a simple sentence • T = Time: to call 911 • Every minute matters!

    8. TIA (mini-stroke) • Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a warning sign of a future stroke – up to 40% of TIA patients will have a future stroke • Symptoms of TIAs are the same as stroke • TIA symptoms can resolve within minutes or hours • It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you suspect that you are having or have had a TIA

    9. The Perceptions of Stroke Myth • Stroke is not preventable • Stroke cannot be treated • Stroke only strikes the elderly • Stroke happens in the heart • Stroke recovery ends after 6 months Reality • Up to 80% percent of strokes are preventable • Stroke requires emergency treatment • Anyone can have a stroke • Stroke is a “Brain Attack” • Stroke recovery can last a lifetime

    10. Stroke Prevention Guidelines • Know your blood pressure. Have it checked at least annually. If it is elevated, work with your doctor to control it. • Find out if you have atrial fibrillation (AF) – a type of irregular heartbeat. If you have it, work with your doctor to manage it. • If you smoke, stop.

    11. Stroke Prevention Guidelines 4.If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. 5. Know your cholesterol number. If it is high, work with your doctor to control it. 6. If you are diabetic, follow your doctor’s recommendations carefully to control your diabetes.

    12. Stroke Prevention Guidelines 7. Include exercise in your daily routine 8. Enjoy a lower sodium (salt) and lower fat diet • If you have circulation problems, work with your doctor to improve your circulation. • If you experience any stroke symptoms, call 911 immediately. Every minute matters!

    13. Why People Don’t Recognize and Respond to Symptoms • Don’t recognize symptoms • Denial • Think nothing can be done • Worry about cost • Think symptoms will go away • Fear or don’t trust hospitals

    14. Acute Stroke Treatments Ischemic stroke (Brain Clot) • Clot busting medication: t-PA (Tissue Plasminogen Activator) • Clot-removing devices: Merci Retriever, Penumbra Hemorrhagic Stroke (Brain Bleed) • Clipping • Coiling

    15. Stroke Recovery • 10% of stroke survivors recover almost completely • 25% recover with minor impairments • 40% experience moderate to severe impairments requiring special care • 10% require care within either a skilled-care or other long-term care facility • 15% die shortly after the stroke

    16. Types of Stroke Rehabilitation Physical Therapy (PT) • Walking, range of movement Occupational Therapy (OT) • Taking care of one’s self Speech Language Therapy • Communication skills, swallowing, cognition Recreational Therapy • Cooking, gardening

    17. Lifestyle Changes for Survivors and Caregivers • Behavior • Depression & Anger • Emotional Liability • One-sided Neglect • Memory Loss • Communication Problems • Daily living skills • Dressing and grooming • Diet, nutrition and eating difficulties • Skin care problems • Pain • Sexuality/Intimacy

    18. Types of Recovery Services • Rehabilitation unit in the hospital • In-patient rehabilitation facility • Home-bound therapy • Home with outpatient therapy • Long-term care facility • Community-based programs

    19. How Can I Learn More? • Talk to your doctor, nurse or other healthcare professionals. • For more information about stroke call the American Stroke Association at 1-888-4-STROKE (1-888-478-7653) or visit us online at • If you or a loved one has suffered from stroke find a stroke support group in your area. PNRC offers a support group once a month. Call (865) 541-2364 for more information.

    20. How Can I Learn More? If you or someone you know has had a stroke, call the American Stroke Association’s “Warmline” at 1-888-4-STROKE (1-888-478-7653) and: • Speak with other stroke survivors and caregivers trained to answer your questions and offer support. • Get information on stroke support groups in your area. • Sign up to get Stroke Connection, a free magazine for stroke survivors and caregivers.

    21. REVIEW • Reduce Risk Factors. • Recognize Stroke Warning Signs and Symptoms. • Respond by calling 911.

    22. Questions

    23. REFERENCES • National Stroke Association. The Complete Guide to Stroke. 2003. Retrieved from: • National Stroke Association. Explaining Stroke 101. Retrieved from: