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LULUCF Issues. Kyoto Protocol & Bonn Agreement Article 3.3: Afforestation, reforestation & deforestation Article 3.4: Cropland management, grassland management, forest management, revegetation Article 6: Joint Implementation/Project activities among annex-I countries

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lulucf issues
LULUCF Issues

Kyoto Protocol & Bonn Agreement

  • Article 3.3: Afforestation, reforestation & deforestation
  • Article 3.4: Cropland management, grassland management, forest management, revegetation
  • Article 6: Joint Implementation/Project activities among annex-I countries
  • Article 12: Afforestation & reforestation under CDM involving developing countries
marrakech accord
Marrakech Accord
  • Defined RMU (CERs); A “removal unit” or “RMU” is a unit issued pursuant to the relevant provisions on registries and is equal to one metric tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent, calculated using global warming potentials.
  • Defined upper limit to RMUs from A&R
    • Use of CERs from A&R to 1% of 1990 emissions for the first commitment period
  • Article 5 (Guidelines), 7 (Reporting) & 8 (Verification)
issues being addressed by sbsta unfccc
Issues being addressed by SBSTA/UNFCCC
  • Afforestation & Reforestation under Article 12 (CDM)
    • Definition of A&R
    • Modalities
    • Non-permanence
    • Leakage
    • Additionality
    • Uncertainity
issues being addressed by ipcc
Issues Being Addressed by IPCC
  • Methods for estimating carbon stock changes
  • Methods for monitoring area changes
  • Uncertainty management
  • Quality assurance & quality control
  • Good Practice Guidance
issues being addressed by executive board of cdm
Issues Being Addressed by Executive Board of CDM
  • Guidelines for Afforestation & Reforestation – CDM projects
    • Project development, monitoring, certification, etc
  • Methods for baseline development
issues for developing countries
Issues for Developing Countries
  • Ensuring modalities for CDM projects will address concerns of developing countries
  • Ensuring environment integrity of Article 3.3, 3.4 6 & 12 activities
a r under cdm
A&R under CDM
  • Simplified guidelines
  • Regional baselines
  • Priority for small-scale projects
    • Exclude forests of > 1000 ha in one unit
    • Priority for < 200 ha/unit but aggregating up to 10000 ha
  • Priority for A&R projects that promote livelihoods
  • Forestry projects with multi-species & multi-function to get priority
  • Biodiversity conservation component should be integrated into project guideline
  • Priority for mitigation activities incorporating adaptation practices