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Impressionism. A Break From Tradition. Setting the Stage:. Paris, France c. 1870-1890 CE The French Royal Academy of Art dominated the field of art. This group preserved the Academic styles of art. Academic Art: Images of historical subjects, religious scenes, and portraits were valued

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impressionism

Impressionism

A Break From Tradition

setting the stage
Setting the Stage:
  • Paris, France
  • c. 1870-1890 CE
  • The French Royal Academy of Art dominated the field of art.
  • This group preserved the Academic styles of art.
  • Academic Art:
  • Images of historical subjects, religious scenes, and portraits were valued
  • landscape and still life scenes were not!
  • Very precise, smooth, realistic looking art
  • No brushstrokes were evident, layers and layers of thin paint glazes
  • Desaturated colors
  • Very specific/rigid set of rules that artists must follow
  • Scenes looked very posed and stiff/ idealized human forms
slide3

Jacques-Louis David

The Death of Socrates

1787

continued
continued
  • Salon de Paris:
    • An annual juried art show held by the Royal Academy.
    • Artists received prizes, commissions, and prestige by being admitted to the show.
      • However…
        • Some artists began to get rejected year after year, because they were rule breakers and wanted FREEDOM to abandon the Academic tradition.
slide5

EdouardManet

Olympia

1863

slide6

EdouardManet

Olympia

1863

  • Vulgar, confrontational, direct unashamed gaze
  • Too realistic/not idealistic
  • Hand positioning-control
  • Courtesan symbols=orchid, necklace, shoe, bouquet, black cat
  • Unrefined technique

Titian

Venus of Urbino

1538

slide7

Critic:

“Wallpaper in its embryonic state is more finished than that seascape.”

Claude Monet Impression: Sunrise

1872

The first “true” Impressionist painting; how the group got their name!

slide8

General Characteristics of Impressionism:

  • Short, thick, fast brushstrokes (capture the essence, not details)
  • As little color mixing as possible (vibrant colors). (To save time.)
  • Used Optical Color Mixing. Yellow next to blue = green.
  • Shadows=add complementary color, not black
  • Wet-into-Wet painting (no more thin layers of paint) SPEED!!!!
  • Interested in how natural light effects colors and atmospheric effects.
  • Close attention is paid to the reflection of colors from object to object.
  • Paintings were made en plein air (in open air, aka outside).
      • Made possible by development of metal paint tubes.
slide9

After being refused for several years from the Salon, Manet and other rejected artists participated in a separate show called:

The Salon of the Refused in 1863

Most people came to the show to laugh and ridicule the artwork, but they kept on painting.

The Impressionists had 8 independent art shows in the following years.

They set the wheel in motion for all of Modern Art that was yet to come!

slide10

Major Artists:

FrédéricBazille

GustaveCaillebotte

Mary Cassatt

Paul Cézanne

Edgar Degas

ÉdouardManet

Claude Monet

Berthe Morisot

Camille Pissarro

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec