embedding child and family outcomes into practice part 3 kathy hebbeler eco at sri international n.
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Embedding Child and Family Outcomes into Practice – Part 3 Kathy Hebbeler ECO at SRI International. Webinar for the Massachusetts ICC Retreat October 3, 2012. Integrating Outcomes: Using the Outcomes as an Organizing Framework. Why do we intervene?.

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embedding child and family outcomes into practice part 3 kathy hebbeler eco at sri international

Embedding Child and Family Outcomes into Practice – Part 3Kathy HebbelerECO at SRI International

Webinar for the Massachusetts ICC Retreat

October 3, 2012

why do we intervene
Why do we intervene?
  • Development in young children follows a predictable course
  • Children who acquire new skills at a slower rate get further and further behind
  • We know how to change trajectories for many children
    • But we need to use interventions that are effective.

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

why it is important to track outcomes
Why it is important to track outcomes?
  • So we can see if we are making a difference in the child’s trajectory
  • So we can see if the program is supporting families
  • So we can adjust the intervention/strategies/curriculum/etc. if we are not

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

disconnect
Disconnect?
  • States accountable for…
  • Programs working toward….
  • Providers focus on….
  • Assessment reports describe…
  • Children achieve….
  • Families will..

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

disconnect1
Disconnect?
  • States accountable for…
  • Programs working toward….
  • Providers focus on….
  • Assessment reports describe…
  • Children achieve….
  • Families achieve….

GLOBAL

INDIVIDUALIZED

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

alignment across levels

….the 3 child outcomes

….the 5 family outcomes

Alignment Across Levels
  • States accountable for….
  • Programs working toward….
  • Providers focus on….
  • Assessment reports address…
  • Children achieve….
  • Families achieve…

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

child outcomes what is the framework guiding our thinking
Child Outcomes: What is the Framework Guiding Our Thinking?
  • Practitioners (teachers, therapists, early interventionists) always bring some kind of framework for where they want to see children go next
  • Are these guiding ideas explicit or unspoken? Using a unified framework or multiple frameworks?

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

examples of guiding frameworks
Examples of Guiding Frameworks
  • The items on a specific assessment tool
  • A milestone checklist or series of skills to learn based on a provider’s specialty area
  • A specific curriculum, with assessment identifying starting point
  • Whatever the family wants

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

outcomes as a framework
Outcomes as a Framework

The 3 functional outcomes can be a framework, a lens, for viewing child functioning and planning intervention

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

the instruction intervention cycle
The instruction/intervention cycle

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

the instruction intervention cycle1
The instruction/intervention cycle

3 Child Outcomes

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

why use the outcomes
Why Use the Outcomes??
  • Socially validated as what we’re trying to achieve, a focus that matters
  • They’re functional – reinforce getting functional information in our assessment and writing functional IFSP/IEP goals/objectives for what to work on
  • They’re holistic – Emphasize the whole child - a key to overall goal of effective participation
  • Flexible – not wedded to one particular assessment, curriculum, or level of child functioning

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

re thinking assessment in early childhood
Re-thinking Assessment in Early Childhood
  • Major changes in last 15 years in how assessment of young children is viewed
  • Old position: Do not test little kids
  • New position: Ongoing assessment is part of a high quality early childhood program

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

what changed
What changed
  • New and different tools became available
    • Curriculum-based assessments were developed
    • General EC: Tools for 3-5 came first; 0-3 tools are coming now
  • Interesting sidebar: Curriculum-based assessments for programs serving children 0-5 with disabilities have been around for years

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

what changed1
What changed
  • The purpose of assessment was redefined
  • Not about: sorting, labeling, using to deny access
  • Now about: Getting a rich picture of what children can do and can’t do and using that information to help them acquire new skills
    • “progress monitoring”

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

what changed2
What changed
  • Assessment had always been seen as a process with multiple purposes
  • Distinctions were made been good and bad uses of assessment with young children
  • Good uses are now promoted
  • For more information: NAEYC web site (Position statement on Curriculum, Assessment and Evaluation)

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

interesting irony
Interesting Irony
  • Even though the disability community had developed many curriculum-based assessment tools, currently many programs do not practice ongoing assessment
    • We do assess for eligibility
  • The push for ongoing assessment to monitor how a child is doing and plan for instruction/intervention is coming from the general education community

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

what might integration look like assessment
What Might Integration Look Like? Assessment

Assessment – What does our assessment tell us about child functioning in each outcome area across settings and situations?

  • Organizer for writing or sharing results
  • Organizer for planning breadth and type of assessment approaches needed and who should be involved in it
  • Produces information for outcomes and planning

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

what might integration look like assessment1
What might integration look like? Assessment

Positive Social Relationships

  • How does the child communicate her/his feelings?
  • How does the child interact with parents, siblings, known adults, strangers?

Consider progression of social development

  • Smiles - holds out arms to be picked up - Likes to look at faces -laughs aloud - distinction of strangers - parallel play - interest in other kids - associative play

Consider relationship with primary caregivers

  • Soothed by caregiver - varying cries - reliance on primary caregiver

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

assessment summary outcome 2
Assessment Summary-Outcome 2

Acquisition and use of knowledge and skills:

Danny is learning most of his new knowledge and skills by exploring things with his hands and mouth at this time. Danny is picking up small toys such as rings or a block and most of what he is able to get into his hands goes into his mouth for exploration. Danny will also look for a toy that he has dropped showing that he is gaining some understanding that toys do not disappear when they are out of sight.

Example developed by Sandy Harrington,

Norfolk Infant Program, Norfolk, VA

what might integration look like ifsp ieps
What Might Integration Look Like?IFSP/IEPs
  • Planning IFSP/IEP goals objectives –
    • Has the team considered how to write objectives that continue help the child progress in each of the outcome areas?
    • Will the objectives written support effective participation (overarching goal)?
    • With outcomes as an organizer for where we want the child to go, use of discrete, domain-specific goals/objectives won’t make sense.

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

3 global child outcomes and individualized outcomes
3 (Global) Child Outcomes and Individualized Outcomes

Active and Successful Participation

Action to Meet Needs

Knowledge and Skills

Positive Social Relationships

  • …….
  • ……..
  • ……..
  • ……..
  • …….
  • ……..

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

family outcomes what is the framework guiding our thinking
Family Outcomes: What is the Framework Guiding Our Thinking?
  • How do professionals decide on what to work on with families?
  • How do families think about what they need or want?
    • What are the options?
  • Are these guiding ideas explicit or unspoken? Using a unified framework or multiple frameworks?

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

ultimate goal for ei and ecse families
Ultimate Goal for EI and ECSE: Families

“to enable families to provide care for their child and have the resources they need to participate in their own desired family and community activities. .”

Based on the ECO stakeholder process when identifying outcomes

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

5 global family outcomes and individualized outcomes
5 (Global) Family Outcomes and Individualized Outcomes

Care for child and participate in community

Help develop and learn..

Know rights and advocate..

Understand child’s strengths…

  • …….
  • …….
  • ……..
  • ……..
  • ……..

Access desired services, programs…

Have support systems

  • ……..

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

the instruction intervention cycle2
The instruction/intervention cycle

5 Family Outcomes

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

opportunities for thinking about child and family outcomes
Opportunities for Thinking about Child and Family Outcomes
  • Explaining EI to families
  • Play-Based Assessment
  • Gathering parent input
  • IFSP/IEP development
  • Ongoing intervention/service provision
  • Collaborative annual review
  • Transition/exit

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

benefits
Benefits
  • More understandable, measureable individualized IFSP/IEP outcomes
  • Families can tell when their children are achieving desired outcomes
  • Reinforces the assessment and planning cycle
  • Improves practice
  • Supports progress in the overarching areas that are central to EI and ECSE

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

slide32

The outcomes provide a framework for how we look at and work with children and families

---They are not a formula---

Early Childhood Outcomes Center

interested in learning more
Interested in Learning More?

www.the-eco-center.org

Early Childhood Outcomes Center