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Death in the line of duty…. Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program. May 18, 2000. A summary of a NIOSH fire fighter fatality investigation. Motor-Vehicle Incident Claims Life of Volunteer Fire Fighter Who Was Responding to Alarm - Ohio. Death in the line of duty….

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Death in theline of duty…

Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program

May 18, 2000

A summary of a NIOSH fire fighter fatality investigation

Motor-Vehicle Incident Claims Life of Volunteer Fire Fighter Who Was Responding to Alarm - Ohio

slide2

Death in theline of duty…

Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program

June 29, 2001

A summary of a NIOSH fire fighter fatality investigation

Junior Fire Fighter Killed While

Responding to Fire Alarm in

His POV - Pennsylvania

slide3

Death in theline of duty…

Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program

June 10, 2002

A summary of a NIOSH fire fighter fatality investigation

 Motor-Vehicle Incident Claims Life

of Volunteer Fire Fighter - Ohio

report findings related to pov response related deaths
Report Findings Related to POV Response Related Deaths

“Only knowledge of the problem and positive steps taken in advance of the response can stem this alarming tide of firefighter fatalities”

Fire Chief Staff

Online Exclusive October 9, 2003

motor vehicle collisions
Motor Vehicle Collisions
  • Since 1984, MVC accounted for 20-25% of FF deaths
    • 27% fatalities were ejections
    • 21% fatalities were wearing seatbelts

U.S. Fire Administration

Fire Data

FF Fatality Retrospective Study 1990-2000

firefighters as victims
Firefighters as Victims

# of FF

NIOSH – FF Fatality Investigation and

Prevention Program Annual Report 2001

2004 statistics
2004 Statistics

107 FF died in the Line-of-Duty

7 FF deaths involved POV

we don t think it will happen to us
“We Don’t Think It WillHappen to Us”
  • Responding to an incident in POV: hit and killed motorist in another vehicle
  • Delhi Township, Holt, MI - Lt. brought to trial and received 1 year in jail, responsible restitution for funeral fees to family and received 5 years probation

Firehouse January 1997

response in p rivately o wned v ehicles
Response in Privately Owned Vehicles
  • Speed limits
  • Going through traffic control devices
  • Passing in an unsafe manner
  • Use of lights and sirens

POV ARE NOT EMERGENCY VEHICLES

lcfireservice.org

safer response in pov
“Safer Response in POV”
  • Carelessness or poor judgment can reflect poorly on the fire department
  • Response to structural fires in a call/volunteer fire department community
  • Strategic plan for response procedures
  • Many questions need to be asked to develop criteria

Fire Chief October 1995

legal issues
Legal Issues
  • Personal insurance
  • Local government insurance
  • “Big L” - Liability – Criminal and Civil

VFIS News September 1994 and

FDSOA Health and Safety April 1995

true emergency
True Emergency

“A situation in which there is a high probability of death or serious injury to an individual or significant property loss, and action by an emergency vehicle operator may reduce the seriousness of the situation.”

Department of Transportation

answer the following
Answer the following…
  • How would you drive to the following:
    • Structure fire?
    • Structure fire with persons trapped?
    • Person choking?
    • Child choking?
    • Child in a swimming pool?
    • Dog through the ice?
slide16

Drive according to road conditions, not incident conditions!

slide34
Adopted by the IAFC’s board of directors on Aug. 14 and unveiled at Fire-Rescue International in Dallas in August 2003, the alcohol use policy bans alcohol drinking "by any members of any fire or emergency services agency/ organization at any time when they may be called upon to act or respond as a member of those departments."
slide35
Basically, if someone has consumed alcohol within the previous eight (8) hours, or is still noticeably impaired by alcohol consumed previous to the eight (8) hours, they must voluntarily remove themselves from the activities and functions of the fire or emergency services agency/organization, including all emergency operations and training.
slide36
No member of a fire & emergency services agency/organization shall participate in any aspect of the organization and operation of the fire or emergency agency/organization under the influence of alcohol, including but not limited to any fire and emergency operations, fire-police, training, etc
slide37

All fire & emergency service agencies/organizations should develop written policies and have procedures in place to support and enforce this policy recommendation. Included in such a policy should be provisions for blood alcohol testing of any individuals involved with any accident that causes measurable damage to apparatus or property or injury/death of agency/organization personnel or civilians.

us department of justice public safety officers death benefit statute
US Department of JusticePublic Safety Officers Death Benefit Statute

No benefits shall be paid if the public safety officer was voluntarily intoxicated at the time of his death or catastrophic injury

slide39
Intoxication means a disturbance of mental or physical faculties resulting from the introduction of alcohol into the body as evidenced by:
  • A post-mortem blood alcohol level of .20 per centum or greater; or
  • A post-mortem blood alcohol level or at least .10 per centum but less than .20 unless the bureau receives convincing evidence that the public safety officer was not acting in an intoxicated manner immediately prior to his death
nfpa 1710 and 1720
NFPA 1710 and 1720
  • Upon assembling of resources, safe initial operations shall commence within two minutes
  • Initial attack shall be organized with at least four members assembled before starting interior operations
  • Two FF shall work as a team
  • Two In-Two Out

“Nothing regarding speed or time toward getting on scene”

nfpa 1710 and 172041
NFPA 1710 and 1720
  • Health and Safety is paramount
  • Imminent life safety/NFPA 1500
  • Support activities to operations
    • i.e. Rehab, Air Supply, Water Shuttle, EMS, etc.
concerns
Concerns
  • Safety
  • Liability
  • Public Opinion
  • Civil and Criminal Action

Fire Chief October 1995

remedies
Remedies
  • Understand and review Policies and Procedures
  • Attend driver training seminars
  • Encourage the review of prior accidents and establish policy review and update
accountability
Accountability

For the person responding in their privately owned vehicle

For once you are on scene

tactical sequence
“Tactical Sequence”
  • Receipt of alarm
  • Responding directly to scene in POV
  • Mental checklist
  • Approaching the scene
  • Size up including potential situation and environmental hazards
  • Staging area for POV
  • Properly dressed in PPE and equipped

Fire Chief October 1995

ensure a safer response
Drive with due care

Slower means safer

Listen and watch at RR crossings

Awareness of others

Open window

Park safely

Park wisely

Wear seatbelts

Never operate vehicle while fatigued

Never operate vehicle while intoxicated or on medication

Stop at all intersections

Ensure A Safer Response

Firehouse June 1998

evr guidelines vs pov guidelines
Circle of Safety

Warning Devices and True Emergencies

Vehicle Control and Right-of-Way

Response Speeds

Intersection Practices

Non-emergency Response

Ordinary Travel Procedures

Riding Policy

Backing

Response in PrivateOwned Vehicles

EVR Guidelines vs. POV Guidelines

lcfireservice.org

recommendation for policy
Recommendation for Policy

“Develop, implement, and enforce standard operating procedures regarding the safe operation of all vehicles responding to a fire alarm.”

NIOSH Death in the Line of Duty

June 10, 2002

recommendation for policy49
Recommendation for Policy

“Develop standard operating procedures as they relate to responding to or returning from an alarm and monitor their use in POV”

NIOSH Death in the Line of Duty

June 10, 2002

recommendation for policy50
Recommendation for Policy

“Provide defensive driver training to all emergency vehicle operators through insurance carriers from local community”

NIOSH Death in the Line of Duty

June 10, 2002

recommendation for policy51
Recommendation for Policy

“Ensure that all drivers are trained and certified in emergency vehicle operations.”

recommendation for policy52
Recommendation for Policy

“Ensure that firefighters observe standard operating procedures and state motor-vehicle codes for safely driving and operating a privately owned vehicle while responding to a fire alarm.”

NIOSH Death in the Line of Duty

June 10, 2002

recommendation for policy53
Recommendation for Policy

“To encourage, promote and support an emergency vehicle operations certification with recognized safety standards and thorough training and education”

NIOSH Death in the Line of Duty

June 10, 2002

recommendation for policy54
Recommendation for Policy

“Established written policies and properly trained personnel are important in enabling members to respond promptly when called, yet do so safely and legally.”

SOP’s

Fire Chief – November 1997

basic requirements
Basic Requirements
  • Time on the department (12 months)
  • Complete a certification course in EVO
  • Familiar with Policies, Procedures and Fireground Tactics
  • Successfully complete a practical training evolution on a driving course

These are points for becoming Motor Pump Operators that could be used while driving your POV.

Fire Chief October 1995

consequences
Consequences
  • Driver Training Program
  • Certification for all drivers - AHJ
  • Preemption system at all intersections
  • Drug and Alcohol Education Program
  • Critical Incident Stress Management

Emergencyvehicleresponse.comAugust 8, 2003

chapter 89 mgl
Chapter 89 MGL
  • 89:7 - Right of way of fire engines, patrol vehicles and ambulances; penalty
  • 89:7A - Restrictions on use of ways upon approach of emergency vehicles
  • 89:7B - Operation of emergency vehicles
chapter 90 mgl
Chapter 90 MGL
  • 90:7E - Display of red or blue lights on vehicles; permits; revocation; violations
just because it looks and sounds like a duck does not make it a duck
“Just because it looks and sounds like a duck, does not make it a duck”
  • Driving with due regard
  • Lights and sirens are covered in

what section of your state laws?

  • Permission from fire chief or AHJ

Fire Chief - November 1997

quality and enforcement
Quality and Enforcement
  • Department Safety Officer responsibility
  • Quality Assurance System
  • Random Assessment of Compliance
  • All incidents (accidents) reported
  • Investigation follow through
  • Reports
  • Disciplinary actions
  • Alterations to policies and procedures

Fire Chief October 1995