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CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES. CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES. What is taxonomy? Who developed the system? How does the system work? What are these groups called?. The scientific system of classifying living organisms Carolus Linneaus Organisms are grouped based on similarities between them

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classification of species
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • What is taxonomy?
  • Who developed the system?
  • How does the system work?
  • What are these groups called?
  • The scientific system of classifying living organisms
  • CarolusLinneaus
  • Organisms are grouped based on similarities between them
  • Taxa (singular-taxon)
classification of species1
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • How are the taxa organized?
  • Names & order of taxa…
  • From largest group (least specific) to smallest group (most specific)
  • Domain
  • Kingdom
  • Phlyum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
classification of species2
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • What scientific names are used for organisms?
  • Examples:
  • Genus and species (binomial nomenclature)
  • Acer rubrum

(maple) (red) - Red Maple

  • Felisdomesticus

(cat) (domestic) – House cat

review vocabulary before we get started
Review Vocabulary before we get started
  • Autotrophic
  • Heterotrophic
  • Decomposer
  • Multicellular
  • Unicellular
  • Aerobic environment
  • Anaerobic environment
  • Absorptive Heterotroph
  • Ingestive Heterotroph
  • Producer
  • Consumer
classification of species3
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • Domain Bacteria contains…
  • Characteristics of Kingdom Eubacteria:
  • Kingdom Eubacteria
  • Prokaryotic
  • Have cell walls made of protein
  • May be autotrophic or heterotrophic
  • Found in all habitats except harsh ones
  • Some cause disease
classification of species4
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • Why are members of Kingdom Eubacteria important?
  • Decomposers
  • Nitrogen fixers
  • Commercially important
classification of species5
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • Domain Archaea contains…
  • Characteristics of Kingdom Archaebacteria…
  • Kingdom Archaebacteria
  • Prokaryotic
  • Have cell walls made of protein
  • May be autotrophic or heterotrophic
  • Live in harsh environments
  • 1st cellular organisms
classification of species6
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • Kingdom Archaebacteria members are found in…
  • Scientists believe that Archaebacteria are …
  • Sewage treatment plants
  • Volcanic vents or hot springs
  • Long-frozen ice
  • More related to the members of Domain Eukarya than Domain Bacteria
slide12
What evidence did scientists use to determine the archaebacteriais most similar to eukaryotes?
classification of species7
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • Domain Eukarya contains…
  • What all members have in common…
  • Kingdoms:
  • Protista
  • Fungi
  • Plantae
  • Animalia
  • They are eukaryotic
slide14
What does Eukaryote mean?
  • How will you recognize it on your test?
  • What structure are you looking for?
classification of species8
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • Characteristics of Kingdom Protista
  • Where do they live?
  • Most unicellular, some (algae) are multicellular
  • Some autotrophic, some heterotrophic
  • Some have cell walls made of cellulose
  • Some have chloroplasts
  • Mostly in water; some in moist soil or animal bodies
classification of species9
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • It is classified as a protist if it is not…
  • What are the most important protists?
  • A fungus, a plant or an animal
  • Phytoplankton and zooplankton
classification of species10
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • The characteristics of Kingdom Fungi are…
  • All members are multicellular except for yeasts
  • Absorptive heterotrophs; they are decomposers
  • Have cell walls made of chitin
classification of species11
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • The characteristics of Kingdom Plantae are…
  • All multicellular
  • All autotrophic
  • Cell walls made of cellulose
  • Have chloroplasts and a large central vacuole
  • Also called producers
classification of species12
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • The characteristics of Kingdom Animalia are…
  • All multicellular
  • All ingestive heterotrophs
  • None have cell walls or chloroplasts
  • Also called consumers
classification of species13
CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIES
  • How were organisms first classified?
  • How are organisms classified now?
  • Grouped according to similarities in structure and environment they lived in
  • Similarities in DNA
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