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Revolutions 1/28/13 NO SCHOOL: Snow Day! . Revolutions 1/29/13 OBJECTIVE: Examine “Fit to Rule”. I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. The Day the Universe Changed -questions on episode#8 “Fit to Rule”

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Revolutions 1 28 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 1/28/13

  • NO SCHOOL: Snow Day! 

Revolutions 1 29 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 1/29/13

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine “Fit to Rule”.

  • I. Administrative Stuff


  • II. The Day the Universe Changed

    -questions on episode#8 “Fit to Rule”

  • III. Homework due Friday 2/1/13

    1.) Read Chapter#18 section#1 p.456-460

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.460

    2.) Read Chapter#18 section#2 p. 461-465

    -Answer questions (1-8)* p.465

    3.) Read Chapter#18 section#3 p.466-469

    -Answer questions (1-6)* p.469

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice

Revolutions 1 30 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 1/30/13

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine Philosophy in the Age of Reason.

  • I. Journal#17 pt.A

    -Read Chapter out line p.454

    -What was the enlightenment?

  • II. Return of Chapter#17 Test

  • III. Journal#17 pt.B

    -notes on the Enlightenment

  • IV. Homework due Friday 2/1/13

    1.) Read Chapter#18 section#1 p.456-460

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.460

    2.) Read Chapter#18 section#2 p. 461-465

    -Answer questions (1-8)* p.465

    3.) Read Chapter#18 section#3 p.466-469

    -Answer questions (1-6)* p.469

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice

The enlightenment
The Enlightenment

  • A movement to shine the light of reason on traditional ideas about government and society.

  • Thinkers fought against superstition, ignorance, intolerance, and tyranny.

  • They promoted goals of social well-being, social justice, and worldly happiness.

  • They rejected divine-right to rule, social hierarchy, and a better life in heaven.

How it started
How it started.

  • It grew out of the Scientific Revolution.

  • As human knowledge about the world grew, so did the belief that nothing was out of reach of the human mind.

  • Using the scientific method, reformers set out to combat the problems of society.

Hobbes locke
Hobbes & Locke

  • In the 1600s, English thinkers Thomas Hobbes & John Locke lived through the English Civil War and concluded different things.

  • Hobbes said people were “naturally cruel, greedy, and selfish.”

  • If people were not controlled they would, “fight, rob, & oppress one another.”

  • Life in the state of nature would be brutish & short.

Social contract
Social Contract

  • Hobbes said in order to escape horrific life in the state of nature, humans enter into a social contract.

  • Social contract – an agreement by which people give up the state of nature for an organized society.

  • He believed that ONLY a strong gov’t could ensure an orderly society.

  • He supported the belief in absolute monarchy.

Natural rights
Natural Rights

  • John Locke was more optimistic about humans.

  • He believed that people were “basically reasonable & moral.”

  • He believed that people had natural rights, “life, liberty, & property.”

  • He argued that people had formed governments to protect their natural rights & that the best gov’t was limited in power and accepted by all.

  • He said that if a gov’t fails to protect people’s natural rights, the people had the right & the duty to over throw that gov’t.


  • Baron de Montesquieu, a French guy, studied the governments of Europe.

  • He concluded that the powers of government should be divided into 3 separate & equal branches.

  • In 1748, he published The Spirit of the Laws in which he said: “The best way to protect liberty is to separate power.”


  • Freedom of Speech – “I do not agree with a word you say, but I will defend your right to say it until my death.”


  • 1762, The Social Contract.

  • He believed that people were basically good, but are corrupted by society.

  • In the perfect world people would make the laws & would also follow them.

  • The general will will be directed towards the common good of the people.

  • He put the good of society first and the individual second.

Revolutions 1 31 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 1/31/13

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine how European rulers reacted to the ideas of the Enlightenment.

  • I. Journal#18 pt.A

    -Examine the picture on p.461

    -Answer the caption question on p.461

  • II. Journal#18 pt.B

    -notes on the salon & Britain in the 1700s

  • III. Homework due Friday 2/1/13

    1.) Read Chapter#18 section#1 p.456-460

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.460

    2.) Read Chapter#18 section#2 p. 461-465

    -Answer questions (1-8)* p.465

    3.) Read Chapter#18 section#3 p.466-469

    -Answer questions (1-6)* p.469

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice

Adam smith
Adam Smith

  • He is the father of Modern Economics

  • He wrote the Wealth of Nations in 1776

  • In it he said that governments need to stay out of the economy as much as possible. laissez-faire

The invisible hand
The Invisible Hand

  • People and business operate in their own self-interest.

  • Competition acts like an invisible hand which will allocate resources to ONLY their most productive uses.


  • Salons – informal social gatherings where writers, artists, philosophers, and others exchanged ideas.

  • In the 1700s middle class women started holding salons in there homes were the middle class could mingle with the nobility and discuss ideas.

Enlightened despots
Enlightened Despots

  • Frederick the Great

  • Catherine the Great

  • Joseph II

The limeys
The Limeys

  • The British believed in mercantilism

  • Mercantilism – a policy by which nations sought to export more than it imported to increase their supply of gold & silver.

  • At the same time the British out paced the Spanish in wealth & empire and the Dutch in terms of trading power they built a constitutional monarchy.

The united kingdom
The United Kingdom

  • The 1707 Act of Union between England and Scotland saw the nations' individual Parliaments replaced by the new Parliament of Great Britain.

  • After the 1800 Act of Union with Ireland, the Dublin Parliament was abolished and Irish MPs and Lords were represented in the Westminster Parliament.

Whigs tories
Whigs & Tories

  • The growth of political parties occurred in the late 1600s.

  • Tories – conservative – landed aristocrats who sought to preserve older traditions & supported royal authority & the Anglican Church.

  • Whigs – liberals – they supported urban business interests, religious toleration for protestants, and supported Parliament over the crown.

  • The Whigs controlled Parliament for most of the 1700s.

Cabinet system
Cabinet System

  • In 1714, the new King of England wasn’t English, but German.

  • To help King George I, who spoke no English, he relied on the leaders of Parliament to help him run the country.

  • His son, who was also German born also used this system, King George II.

  • This cabinet system gained official status.

  • The head of the Cabinet is the Prime Minister.

Rick mercer
Rick Mercer

  • How Canada Works

Parliamentary system
Parliamentary System

Parliamentary system1
Parliamentary System

  • By the 14th century two distinct Houses, the Commons and the Lords, had developed.

  • The Commons involved representatives from counties, towns and cities,

  • The Lords consisted of members of the nobility and clergy.

King george iii
King George III

  • In 1760, King George III begins his 60 year reign.

  • He was born in England, unlike dad and grandpa.

  • He spoke English & loved Britain.

  • He was eager to recover powers lost by the crown and end Whig domination, chose his own ministers, and dissolve the cabinet system.

  • Cabinet rule was restored in 1788 following the loss of the American colonies.

Revolutions 2 1 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 2/1/13

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine the American Revolution.

  • I. Journal#19 pt.A

    -Examine the map on p.472

    -Answer the map questions on p.472

  • II. Journal#19 pt.B

    -notes on the Birth of the United States

  • III. Homework Friday February 8th

    1.) Read Chapter#18 section#4 p.470-473

    -Answer questions (1-6)* p.473

    2.) Chapter#18 Review

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice

  • NOTICE: Chapter#18 Test Friday Feb 8th

The seven years war
The Seven Years War

  • After the French & Indian War the colonists were taxed by Parliament for the cost of the war.

  • The colonists were unhappy with this.

  • Laws passed long before were enforced & new tax laws were passed.

Boston massacre
Boston Massacre

  • In 1770, British soldiers in Boston open fired on a crowd throwing rocks & snowballs at them.

  • In 1773, some colonists dressed up like Indians and threw tea in Boston Harbor.

  • Parliament passed harsh laws to punish Massachusetts.

  • The other 12 colonies took the side of those in Massachusetts.

War begins
War Begins

  • In 1775, the shot heard round the world was the start of the revolution.

  • On July 4, 1776, Congress sent a letter to King George III that basically said forget you we are independent.,_MA.JPG/800px-Lexington_Minute_Man_relief_(Basha_Paeff)_-_Lexington,_MA.JPG

Battle of saratoga
Battle of Saratoga

  • The turning point in the war was when the American forces defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga.

  • This victory convinced the French to join the war on the side of the colonists.

Treaty of paris
Treaty of Paris

  • In 1781, with the help of the French (yes, the French were a world power at one point), Washington forced the surrender of the British at Yorktown.

  • Two years later, American, French, and British signed the Treaty of Paris that officially ended the war.

Articles of confederation
Articles of Confederation

  • The national document set up to run the country was too weak to govern the nation effectively.

  • In 1787, the nations leaders met in Philadelphia and wrote the Constitution.

  • This broad frame work incorporated the enlightenment ideas and has allowed for flexibility for the last 200 years.

The constitution
The Constitution

  • It was the most liberal form of government when it became law in 1789.

  • An elected representative body consisting of two houses was created to make laws.

  • An executive was created that was elected as opposed to being heredity.

  • These two parts, plus the judicial branch were derived from Montesquieu.

  • The federal republic was supreme to the state governments.

  • Later the first ten amendments were added, also known as the Bill of Rights it guaranteed citizens basic rights (Free speech, free press, trial by jury, and private property).