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Renewable Energies in Germany. János Büchner, energiewaechter GmbH Consultant to the Initiative “renewables – made in Germany” of the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi) Serbian-German Conference & Trade Mission on Geothermal Energy, Belgrade, 25. September 2012.

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renewable energies in germany

Renewable Energies in Germany

János Büchner, energiewaechter GmbH

Consultant to the Initiative “renewables – made in Germany” of the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi)

Serbian-German Conference & Trade Mission on Geothermal Energy, Belgrade, 25. September 2012

www.renewables-made-in-germany.com

www.exportinitiative.bmwi.de

content
Content
  • The Initiative renewables – made in Germany
  • Political developments and framework for REs in Germany
  • Market development of REs in Germany and economic effects
  • Geothermal Energy and Heat Pumps in Germany
  • Presentation of German Company representatives
goals of the initiative renewables made in germany
Goals of the Initiative renewables – made in Germany
  • Scheme coordinated and financed by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology
  • Contribution to global climate protection through support of advanced RE-technologies
  • Contribution to international knowledge transfer through patents and joint ventures
  • Support of German SMEs entering foreign RE markets
the initiative renewables made in germany on the web
The Initiative renewables – made in Germany on the Web

www.renewables-made-in-germany.com

  • Info on upcomingevents: Businesstrips,

tradefairs, informationtrips

forforeigndecisionmakersto

Germany

  • Information on German companies

and institutions

  • Information on actualmarket

developments

www.renewablesb2b.com

  • Virtual Market Place; B2Bplatform
germany s energy turnaround in 2011
Germany’s Energy Turnaround in 2011

Fukushima led to Germany’s energy turnaround by cabinet decision in June 2011:

  • Nuclear power phase out until 2022…

…while keeping the aim to

  • reduce GHG-emissionsuntil 2020 by 40% and until 2050 by 80% (compared to 1990)
  • Increase share of Renewables to 35% of electricity consumption by 2020, by 2030 to 50%, 2040 to 65%, 2050 to 80%
  • Increase final energy consumption shareof REs to 18% in 2020, 45% in 2040

Positive effects

    • Cutting dependency on fuel imports
    • Creation of jobs in a future market / employment in the RE sector
main instrument to promote res electricity production
Main Instrument to Promote REs (ELECTRICITY production)
  • Act on Granting Priority to Renewable Energy Sources (EEG)
    • Fixed Feed-In tariffs (FITs) over 20 years guaranteed by law for RES system operators
    • Grid operators are obligedto connect RES systems to the grid and to buy the electricity from the system operators to set prices
    • Tariffs vary according to the source of energy, e.g. biomass, PV, geothermal energy etc.
    • Amendments to the EEG at regular intervals in order to adjust the act to current development of markets and (competitiveness of) technologies
    • Example: FITs for geothermal electricityproductionincreased 2012. Dependingon technologyupto23, 25 oreven 30 ct/kWh (e.g. petrothermalprojects) . Grossproductionfactored(incl. ownenergyconsumption of pumpsetc.) FITs for Photovoltaics - in contrast - decreased
main instruments to promote res heat production
Main Instruments to Promote REs (HEAT production)
  • Renewable Energies Heat Act (EEWärmeG)
    • Minimum shareof heatingenergysupplyfromREsfor newbuildingsusuallyobligatory
    • Obligationsdepending on thetechnology/iesused(e.g. biomass and heatpumps: 50%, solar thermal 15%)
  • Market Incentive Program for Renewable Energies (Marktanreizprogramm / Federal Environment Ministry)
    • Financial contributions / beneficialloans for certainREsinvestments
  • LoansbyKfWBankengruppe (KfW Group) - National business development bank:
    • subsidisedloans for energy-efficienthousing and RES
germany s energy turnaround today
Germany’s Energy Turnaround today

Act on Granting Priority to Renewable Energy Sources remains major instrument to boost Res

Challenges:

  • R&D promotion for energy storage technologies
  • Increase of energy saving and efficiency
  • Speed-up grid expansion
slide12

RenewableEnergy Sources Shares of Total Final Energy Consumption in Germany 2011

Source: Development of renewable energy sources in Germany 2011 provided by BMWi

slide13

Share of Renewables in EnergyConsumption1998-2011 ELECTRICITY 2011 roughly20% but some 50% of energy consumption through HEAT production

Credits: German Renewable Energies Agency

energy use of private households in germany according to area of application
EnergyUseof PRIVATE Households in Germany Accordingto Area ofApplication

Source: ArbeitsgemeinschaftEnergiebilanzen provided by BMWi

development of res s hare in r eference to h eat p roduction
Development of RES Share in Reference to HeatProduction

Source: Federal MinistryofEnvironment 2012

structure of renewable based h eat s upply in germany 2011
StructureofRenewable-basedHeatSupply in Germany 2011

Source: Development of renewable energy sources in Germany 2011 provided by BMWi

federal government s t argets
Federal Government‘sTargets
  • Some figures: private households consume 30% of final energy consumption. Almost 90% used for heating purposes.
  • Almost 1/3 of the GHG-emissions are due to buildings
  • 2011 4,3 % of the national heat consumption was supplied by shallow geothermal energy.
  • Heat supply share of REs planned to reach 14% by 2020
  • Potential: 261 bl. kWh, actually 6 bl. kWh installed.
  • Forecast: 2015 almost 1 m, and 2020 1.8 m heat pumps installed

Picture: Bundesverband Wärmepumpe

near surface geothermal e nergy utilities for h eat allocation in germany 5 900 gwh
Near-surfaceGeothermal Energy Utilities forHeatAllocation in Germany (5.900 GWh)

Source: Development of renewable energy sources in Germany 2011 provided by BMWi

renewable energies in the hands of the people example electricity production
Renewable Energies in the Hands of the People (example ELECTRICITY production)

Credits: German Renewable Energies Agency, 2012

german companies
German Companies

AP Sensing GmbH

  • Enhanced Geothermal Response Test (EGRT) – Systems for determining thermal soil parameters (thermal conductivity, borehole resistivity)
  • Contact: Mr. Clemens Pohl

360plusConsult GmbH

  • Consulting, planning, delivery of required authorizations. Partner in all project stages in the search for energy sources
  • Contact: Dr. Wolfgang Bauer
german companies1
German Companies

Geothermeon AG

  • Geothermal projectdeveloper: prospection, exploration

and development of geothermal energy resources

  • Contact: Mr.Ralph Weidler

Soundcore GmbH

  • sonicrigs, HFtechnology
  • Contact: Mr.Paul Eisenkolb
german companies2
German Companies

Geothermie Neubrandenburg GmbH

  • Engineering & geotechnicalexpertise and solutions for

geothermal projects

  • Contact: Dr. Peter Seibt

Perforator GmbH

  • Drill pipes, drilling equipment and tools
  • Contact: Mr. Wolfgang Waide
slide26

Many thanks for your attention! Have a fruitful event day!Contact:János Büchner, energiewaechter GmbHE-Mail: jb@energiewaechter.de