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FRBR PowerPoint Presentation

FRBR

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FRBR

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  1. FRBR Presented by Dr. Barbara B. Tillett Chief, Policy & Standards Division Library of Congress for the American Library Association July 10, 2009

  2. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) • User tasks • Find • Identify • Select • Obtain • Entity-relationship model • Entities: Group 1, 2, 3 • Relationships • Attributes • National level record elements (mandatory & optional data)

  3. Bibliographic Universe Books Serials Maps, globes, etc. Manuscripts. Musical scores A-V sound recordings motion pictures photographs, slides Multimedia “Remote” digital materials Etc. 3

  4. What’s a conceptual model? Abstract depiction of the universe of things being described The things in that universe (entities) Identifying characteristics of those entities (attributes/elements) The relationships among the entities 4

  5. FRBR’s Entity-Relationship Model Entities Relationships Attributes (data elements) relationship One Entity Another Entity 5

  6. FRBR’s Entity-Relationship Model Person Work created was created by Shakespeare Hamlet 6

  7. FRBR Entities Group 1:Products of intellectual & artistic endeavor = bibliographic resources Work Expression Manifestation Item 7

  8. Work is realized through Expression Intellectual/ artistic content Physical - recording of content is embodied in Manifestation is exemplified by Item 8

  9. Vocabulary “Book” • Door prop (item) • “publication” • at bookstore • any copy • (manifestation) 9

  10. Vocabulary “Book” • Who translated? • (expression) • Who wrote? • (work) 10

  11. Group 1 Work is realized through Expression is embodied in Manifestation recursive is exemplified by one Item many 11

  12. Elements to Describe Resources Work ID Title Date etc. Expression ID Form Date Language etc. Manifestation ID Title Statement of responsibility Edition Imprint (place, publisher, date) Form/extent of carrier Terms of availability Mode of access etc. Item ID Provenance Location etc. 12

  13. books Videocassettes DVDs Manifestations CDs 13

  14. Les Trois Mousquetaires French text movie Expressions 14

  15. Work 15

  16. Family of Works Equivalent Descriptive Derivative Free Translation Review Edition Casebook Microform Reproduction Summary Abstract Dramatization Simultaneous “Publication” Abridged Edition Criticism Digest Novelization Screenplay Copy Libretto Evaluation Illustrated Edition Revision Change of Genre Exact Reproduction Parody Annotated Edition Translation Expurgated Edition Imitation Same Style or Thematic Content Variations or Versions Facsimile Arrangement Commentary Slight Modification Reprint Adaptation Original Work -Same Expression Same Work – New Expression New Work Cataloging Rules Cut-Off Point 17

  17. Relationships Inherent among the Group 1 entities Content relationships among works/expressions Work Expression Manifestation Item Whole-Part Sequential Derivative Accompanying 18

  18. FRBR Entities Group 1:Bibliographic resources Work Expression Manifestation Item 18

  19. FRBR Entities Group 2: Those responsible for the intellectual & artistic content = Parties Person Corporate body Family 19

  20. Group 2 Person Family Corporate Body Work Expression Manifestation Item is owned by is produced by is realized by is created by many 21

  21. Relationship vs. Element Created by Work Person Creates Hamlet Shakespeare 21

  22. Subject Relationship Created by Work Person Creates has subject is subject of Concept/Topic 22

  23. FRBR Entities Group 3:Subjects of works Groups1&2 plus Concept Object Event Place Subject relationship 23

  24. Group 3 Work Work Expression has as subject Manifestation Item Person Family has as subject Corporate Body Concept Object has as subject Event Place many 25

  25. Why do we need FRBR? Improve the user experience in locating information Guide systems designs for the future Guide rule makers Cut costs for the description and access to resources in our libraries Position information providers to better operate in the Internet environment and beyond 25

  26. Applications of the Conceptual Model FRBR is conceptual model No application is prescribed Opportunities for the future in new systems designs Australia, Europe Variations3, etc. Keep user foremost in mind 26

  27. Collocation Better organization to catalog More options to display Identifying elements Pathways FRBR Benefits ☑ Simplify cataloging enabling links and re-use of identifying elements 27

  28. The Novel The Movie Orig. Version FRBR Entity Levels Work: Expression: Transl. Orig. Text Critical Edition Manifestation: Paper PDF HTML DVD 29

  29. The Novel The Movie FRBR Entity Levels Work: Expression: Orig. Version Transl. Orig. Text Critical Edition Manifestation: Paper PDF HTML DVD Item: Copy 1 Autographed Copy 2 30

  30. The Novel The Movie FRBR EntityLevels Family of works Work: Orig. Version Expression: Transl. Orig. Text Critical Edition Manifestation: Paper PDF HTML DVD Item: Copy 1 Autographed Copy 2 31

  31. Series (work/expression) Uniform Title Person Work/ Expression Uniform Title Concept Manifestation Possible FRBR applicationsScenario A - Now Authority Bibliographic Item Holding 32

  32. Person Scenario B - Future Authority Person Series (work/expression) Uniform Title Work/ Expression Uniform Title Concept Manifestation Bibliographic Item Holding 33

  33. Objectives of Catalogs • Cutter’s objectives for the catalog • Finding - description and access standards • Collocating - controlled “vocabularies” for precision of searching 34

  34. “User Tasks” - FRBR • Find (locate and collocate) • Identify • Select • Obtain • Relate/Navigate 35

  35. Objectives of Catalogs • Finding (locate) • A single specific resource • Collocating (sets of resources) • All resources belonging to the same work • All resources belonging to the same expression • All resources belonging to the same manifestation • All the works and expressions of a person, corporate body, or family • All resources on a given subject • All resources sharing some specific characteristic • Language, place of publication, date, etc. 36

  36. Collocation Shakespeare Hamlet Romeo and Juliet English French German Swedish Stockholm 2008 Library of Congress Copy 1 Green leather binding • Objectives of a catalog: display • All the works associated with aperson, etc. • All the expressions of the same work • All the manifestations of the same expression • All items/copies of the same manifestation 37

  37. Pathways to Related Works Shakespeare Stoppard Hamlet Derivative works Romeo and Juliet Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead English French Text Movies … German Subject Swedish Stockholm 2008 Library of Congress Copy 1 Green leather binding 38

  38. Collocation by Works • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. • All’s well that ends well • As you like it • Hamlet • Macbeth • Midsummer night’s dream • … 39

  39. Collocation by Family of Works and Expressions • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet. • Texts • Motion Pictures • Sound Recordings 40

  40. Collocation by Expressions • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet. • Texts – Danish • Texts – Dutch • Texts – English • Texts – French • Texts – Spanish • Motion Pictures – English • Sound Recordings - English 41

  41. Collocation of Manifestations • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet. • Motion pictures – English • 1964 Director, Bill Collegan • 1990 Director, Kevin Kline, Kirk Browning • 1990 Director, Franco Zeffirelli • 1992 Director, Maria Muat • 1996Director, Kenneth Branagh • 2000Director, Campbell Scott, Eric Simonson 42

  42. FRBR Display - Serial • Atlantic monthly • Atlantic monthly (Boston, Mass. : 1993) • Atlantic (Boston, Mass. : 1981) • Atlantic monthly (Boston, Mass. : 1971) • Atlantic (Boston, Mass. : 1932) • Atlantic monthly (Boston, Mass. : 1857)

  43. FRBR Display - Serial • Atlantic monthly • Atlantic monthly (Boston, Mass. : 1993) • Online • Paper • Microfilm • Atlantic (Boston, Mass. : 1981) • Atlantic monthly (Boston, Mass. : 1971) • Atlantic (Boston, Mass. : 1932) • Atlantic monthly (Boston, Mass. : 1857)

  44. Circulation: Place holds at “Work” or “Expression” level rather than only at manifestation level (VTLS and OCLC demonstrate this) FRBR Benefits Hamlet English 44

  45. British Museum 1841(“full and accurate” book catalog) 45 ACOSTA (CHRISTOVAL). Tractado de las drogas, y medicinas de las Indias Orientales, con sus plantas. Burgos, 1578. 4o Another copy. The same. Ital. Venetia, 1585. 4o Another copy. Tractado en loor de las mugeres. Venetia, 1592. 4o

  46. British Museum 1841(“full and accurate” book catalog) Person Work Expression Manifestation Item 47 ACOSTA (CHRISTOVAL). Tractado de las drogas, y medicinas de las Indias Orientales, con sus plantas.Burgos, 1578. 4o Another copy. The same.Ital.Venetia, 1585. 4o Another copy. Tractado en loor de las mugeres.Venetia, 1592. 4o

  47. Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Hamlet. French. LC Control No. : 47023612 LCCN Permalink : http://lccn.loc.gov/47023612 Type of Material : Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.) Personal Name : Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Main Title : ... Hamlet, traduit par André Gide. Published/Created : [Paris] Gallimard [1946] Description : 2 p. l., 7-237, [2] p. 17 cm. CALL NUMBER : PR2779.H3 G5Copy 1 -- Request in : Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or Area Studies Reading Rms 48

  48. Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Hamlet. French. LC Control No. : 47023612 LCCN Permalink : http://lccn.loc.gov/47023612 Type of Material : Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.) Personal Name : Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Main Title : ... Hamlet, traduit par André Gide. Published/Created : [Paris] Gallimard [1946] Description : 2 p. l., 7-237, [2] p. 17 cm. CALL NUMBER : PR2779.H3 G5Copy 1 -- Request in : Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or Area Studies Reading Rms Work Person 49

  49. Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Hamlet. French. Expression LC Control No. : 47023612 LCCN Permalink : http://lccn.loc.gov/47023612 Type of Material : Book (Print, Microform, Electronic, etc.) Personal Name : Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Main Title : ... Hamlet, traduit par André Gide. Published/Created : [Paris] Gallimard [1946] Description : 2 p. l., 7-237, [2] p. 17 cm. CALL NUMBER : PR2779.H3 G5Copy 1 -- Request in : Jefferson or Adams Bldg General or Area Studies Reading Rms 50