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Evidence Based Instruction for Students with ASD and Other Developmental Disabilities. Applied Behavior Analysis and Direct Instruction Penny Williams, M.Ed., BCBA pennywilliams12@gmail.com. Why is school so challenging for students with ASD?. Classroom Challenges. Classroom Challenges.

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evidence based instruction for students with asd and other developmental disabilities

Evidence Based Instruction for Students with ASD and Other Developmental Disabilities

Applied Behavior Analysis and Direct Instruction

Penny Williams, M.Ed., BCBA

pennywilliams12@gmail.com

slide19
Nick earns a trip to the computer room if he earns six periods of great work.

Great work means using nice words and following his teacher’s directions.

A period of great work is for 5 minutes.

If Nick doesn’t have great work for a period, he can try again.

Time:______ Time for computer:_________

slide23

5

5

a discrete trial teaching loop
A Discrete Trial(Teaching Loop)

Instruction or Discrimitive Stimulus (SD)

Antecedent

Promptifnecessary

Student’s

Response

Behavior

Consequence

Consequence

Inter-trial Interval

discrete trial the instruction
Discrete Trial: The Instruction
  • Keep instruction concise.
  • Give when student is attending.
  • Doesn’t have to be verbal.

Text as prompt

  • Be sure and give the student time to respond (at least 5 seconds)
  • Make sure that if you give a direction, that you are there to follow through.

Instruction

Promptifnecessary

Child’s

Response

Consequence

Inter-trial Interval

discrete trial the prompt
Discrete Trial: The Prompt
  • What is it?

Something the teacher does that increases the likelihood of correct responding.

Auditory Prompt

Mixed Prompt (Model, gestural & physical)

  • Prompting happens BEFORE the child’s response
  • Allows you to get responses that you can reinforce.

Instruction

Prompt if necessary

Child’s

Response

Consequence

Inter-trial Interval

discrete trial the child s response
Discrete Trial: The Child’s Response
  • Four possibilities:
    • Independent Correct
    • Prompted Correct
    • Error
    • No Response

Feature, function, class DTT

Labeling Gestures DTT

Instruction

Prompt if necessary

Child’s

Response

Consequence

Inter-trial Interval

discrete trial the consequence
Discrete Trial: The Consequence
  • What is it?

Clear feedback to the student about his response.

Correct response= reinforcement

Incorrect response=feedback

that response was incorrect.

  • For the teaching loop to work, the child always needs a clear consequence for his response.

Instruction

Promptifnecessary

Child’s

Response

Consequence

Inter-trial Interval

slide40
How was my day?

Great Okay Will work on it

(2 points) (1 point) (no points)

Followed directions

Completed Work

Kept it together

Total Points:____________