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The Suquamish Tribe Treaty Fisheries in Puget Sound. Brief Historical Background & Chronology of Events Treaty of Point Elliott Judge Boldt Decision Judge Rafeedie Decision Shellfish Implementation Plan Sharing, Allocation and Used and Accustomed Areas (U&As) Case Study: Geoduck Clam.

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slide1

The Suquamish Tribe

Treaty Fisheries in Puget Sound

  • Brief Historical Background & Chronology of EventsTreaty of Point ElliottJudge Boldt DecisionJudge Rafeedie Decision
  • Shellfish Implementation Plan
  • Sharing, Allocation and Used and Accustomed Areas (U&As)
  • Case Study: Geoduck Clam

vbarry@suquamish.nsn.us

www.suquamish.nsn.us

slide2

Chronology of Events:

  • Treaty of Point Elliott
  • Article 5 secured fishing rights in
  • common with all citizens
  • Judge George Boldt Decision
  • 1974, half of the available salmon & steelhead
  • Judge Edward Rafeedie
  • 1994 half of TAC for shellfish on
  • public & private land / waters
slide3

Objective of Plan:

  • To provide a framework, principles and
  • course of action for cooperative management
  • Goal:
  • To provide Treaty & non-Treaty parties the
  • opportunity to harvest their share in an orderly manner
  • Procedures:
  • Calls for interim and long term management plans (Suquamish is involved in drafting plans for eight species in roughly 5 management areas)
  • Coordination among Tribes:
  • Tribes are responsible for all inter-tribal coordination
  • Principles addressed in Plan:
  • Sharing
  • Management plans for resources in public waters
  • Commercial shellfish growers
  • Private property w/o commercial shellfish growing
  • Dispute resolution
slide4

Overlapping U&As:

Where 2 or more Tribes have

overlapping U&As, the combination

of tribal harvest shall not exceed 50%

of the overall TAC

Intertribal Allocation:

Allocating the tribal share shall be

determined by the affected Tribes

through appropriate intertribal agreement.

Lack of such agreement shall not entitle

a combination of Tribes to take over 50%

slide7

Harbo 1997

Geoduck Tracts

18’ to 70’ MLLW

  • How to Establish the Biomass
  • Each Tract:
  • Is surveyed prior to fishing
  • Method used is random / systematic
  • Scuba divers swim transects perpendicular
  • to shore
  • Geoduck siphons (shows) are counted
  • within 6’ X 150’ transects (900ft2)
  • Random weight samples are collected
  • Biomass is calculated using a show factor
  • How to Determine Quotas
  • Biomass from each surveyed tract is summed in the area to manage
  • The total poundage is multiplied by 0.027 to
  • determine annual TAC
  • The annual TAC is divided by 2 between state & tribes

Seattle

slide8

Central Sound Region

  • TAC = 1.2M lbs
  • State share = 600K lbs
  • Treaty share:
  • SR1 = 300K lbs
  • Exclusive Suquamish U&A
  • SR2 = 200K lbs
  • Suquamish Tribe
  • Tulalip Tribes
  • SR3-4 = 100K lbs
  • Jamestown Tribe
  • Lower Elwha Tribe
  • Lummi Tribe
  • Port Gamble Tribe
  • Suquamish Tribe
  • Swinomish Tribe
  • Tulalip Tribes
  • Issues:
  • State considers the whole region as basis for TAC
  • Tribes have to calculate TAC in their respective U&As
  • State has disproportionately harvested within the region, affecting future treaty TACs
  • Current situation:
  • Tribes part of the Central Sound Management Plan are requesting the state to harvest proportionately within the overlapping U&A sub regions.
  • State is willing to accommodate some proportionate harvest over time but have not put a plan forward after 4 years of negotiations
  • Not all Tribes agree on how to deal with state’s years of disproportionate harvest

SR3-4

SR2

SR1