Political Parties of the United States How many political parties are there in United States?Today there are two major parties and 4 third major parties in American system. Parties are Democratic Party, Republican Party, Constitution Party, Green Party and Libertarian Party. Also there are minor political parties and regional parties in system.
Democratic Party Democratic Party is the oldest political party in the history Democratic Symbol Main strategy of Democratic Party was labor work supporter in economy and very aggressive. Franklin D. Roosevelt changed the main strategy of party and shaped it through the American liberalism. In 2004, 72 million voters chose Democratic Party and it was the largest political party of USA. Barack Obama is a democrat and it’s 15th Democrat to hold the office. Main voters of party are social liberals. Today Democratic Party say no to titles like abortion restrictions, immigration restrictions and non-interventionist foreign policy. They are not supporting drug liberalization. They say yes to controversial topics like legalization of same sex marriages, universal health care and civilian gun control.
Republican Party The Republican Party is another major party in American political system. It’s commonly called as “Grand Old Party” Republican Symbol Party is founded by anti-slavery activists. The party was on office in the American Civil War period but this period has a bad reputation because of various scandals. Last president from Republicans was George W. Bush. Nominee of party for 2012 presidential election is Mitt Romney. Party’s main political is on American conservatism. But party doesn’t reject liberalism and accepts some rules of classical liberalism. Party history is including important names of American History like Theodore Roosevelt, Dwight Eisenhower and Ronald Reagan. Republican Party says yes to abortion restrictions, immigration restrictions and capital punishment. They say no to controversial topics like legalization of same sex marriages, universal health care and civilian gun control.
3rd Party System (Minor Party) Constitution Party is one of the most popular third major parties in USA. They are founded in 1992. Party had over 430,000 registered voters in 2008. Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, the Constitution of the United States and the Bible shapes their party politics. Their politic position is very close to Republican Party with some differences. They say no to important topics like legalization of same sex marriages, universal health care and civilian gun control. They say yes to Non-interventionist foreign policy and it’s the main difference of Constitution Party from Republicans. Also they say yes to restrictions like abortion restrictions and immigration restrictions. Some writers classify party in Christian nationalism.Green Party of the United States is founded in 1980s and today it’s a follower of Greens/Green Party USA. They gained countrywide popularity in Ralph Nader’s presidential run. Today they are powerful in local level. Environmentalism is the main politics of party. Also they believe in non-hierarchical participatory democracy and peace. They say no to abortion restrictions, immigration restrictions and capital punishment. They work for drug liberalization, legalization of same sex marriages and non-interventionist foreign policy. Libertarian Party is also an important party which is founded in 1971. It has 200,000 registered voters. They work on topics like legalization of same sex marriages and drug liberalization.
Other Party Systems of the World • One-Party System • Multiparty System • Two-Party System • Third Party (Minor Party) • Types of Third Parties • Single-issue party • Ideological party • Splinter party
One-Party Systems The party is the government The decisions of party leaders set government policy In elections in such nations, only the party’s candidates appear on the ballot Usually found in authoritarian governments – by force Example: North Korea, Iran (theocracy)
Two-Party System • About a dozen nations have systems where 2 parties compete for power • Minor parties do exist • Example – United States – Republicans and Democrats with minor parties including: Green, Libertarian, Independent, and Socialist Parties
Third Party (Minor Party) Any party other than one of the 2 major parties In any election there may be more than one party running against the major parties – still labeled third party They rarely win major elections
Types of Third Parties • Single-issue party • Focuses on one major social, economic or moral issue • EX. 1840’s – Liberty Party and Free Soil Party took stronger stands against slavery • Generally short-lived
Types of Third Parties • Ideological Party • Focuses on overall change in society rather than on an issue • EX. Communist Party USA advocate government ownership of factories, transportation, resources, farmland and other means of production and distribution
Types of Third Parties • Splinter party • Splits away from one of the major parties because of some disagreement • Usually result from the failure of the a popular figure to gain the major party’s presidential nomination • EX. 1912 – Teddy Roosevelt led a group out of the Republican Party to form the Progressive or Bull Moose Party • Usually fade away with the defeat of their candidate