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COMENIUS PROJECT 2011-2013 LICEO GALILEO GALILEI, PESCARA ITALY . CLIMATE CHANGE? CHANGE YOUR LIFE!. TRUE UNIVERSALITY IN ARCHITECTURE CAN BE ATTAINED ONLY THROUGH CONNECTION WITH THE ROOTS, GRATITUDE FOR THE PAST AND RESPECT FOR THE ‘GENIUS LOCI’ Cit. Renzo Piano. MEMORIES OF THE PAST.
COMENIUS PROJECT 2011-2013 LICEO GALILEO GALILEI, PESCARA ITALY
TRUE UNIVERSALITY IN ARCHITECTURE CAN BE ATTAINED ONLY THROUGH CONNECTION WITH THE ROOTS, GRATITUDE FOR THE PAST AND RESPECT FOR THE ‘GENIUS LOCI’ Cit. Renzo Piano
MEMORIES OF THE PAST HOPES FOR THE FUTURE
BUILDING MATERIALS IN ANCIENT ROME The Romans used a wide variety of materials from chalk and sand to pozzolanic concrete mixed with mortar. The alsomixedpumicestone with concrete in order to render itlighter. Stone was a clearly an importantmaterial: • Marble wasused to decorate surfaces • Lime and sandstonewereused for pedestrianareas • Basaltic lava or graniteswereemployed for usessubjected to great stress As with stone the Romans wereextremelyadvanced in theirknowledge and use of differenttypes of wood.
WINDOWS, BATHS AND SOLAR ENERGY IN ANCIENT ROME Prominentfeatures of Roman architecturewerewindows and the use of solar energy. Especially in magnificentbaths, glazedwindowsorientedtowards the sunwereusefull to heatthese large buildings. According to thishypothesis Romans anticipated the modernideasabout solar energy, heat transfert and glazedwindows to offer human comfort.
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND GREEN ECONOMY
Materials • Green roof • City planning • Light • Orientation Susteinablesuburb of stockholm
‘Alternative naturalmaterials’ is a general termthatdescribesnaturalmaterialssuchas rock or adobe that are notascommoly in use aswood or iron. Thesematerialsoffergoodthermal mass and thermalinsulation (rock, cordwood), flexibility (bamboo) and are waterproof and fire-resistant (rammedearth, papercrete). Moreover the minimize negative effectsthatourbuiltenvironment can have on the planet.
Green roofs are a new development in sustanaiblebuildingsthat are gaining in popularityacross the world. They can be divided in twotypes: Extensive living roofs Intensive living roofs Bothtypes of green roofs can be used with small differences. A green roofsystemconsists of layersthatmimicnaturalprocesses and alsoprotects the building and the roofitself. Living roofs can be designed to growlocalplants.
Green Economy is an emergingsectorincludingthingssuchasorganic produce, construction of ‘green buildings’ and new energysources. Itrepresents an economical model in contrast to the more traditionalone, based on fossilfuels. Green economy isbased on the awarnessthatourbiosphereis a limitatedsystem and we must not exploit it.
WEplanned a new sustainableschool building asourownexample of green architecture • . . .
. . . Wewant to be protagonist and sayhowwewouldlikeourschool to be!
‘WE ARE THE ONES WHO MAKE A BRIGHTER DAY SO LET START GIVING’
THE DAM USE OF WATER
The dam is a barrier to a natural watercourse that is used to create an artificial lake. It can be used in different ways: • To produce electric energy • For Water supply • To stabilize water flow for irrigation • For flow prevention
To prevent access of water inan area that would otherwise be submerged • To use water in other ways useful to men • For the navigation when the dams are large enough, …….otherwise they are used to block and close the course of the river • To create a naturalistic landscape
Gravity dams Which are massive concrete structures of simple geometric shape; the area of the artificial lake is straight or arched and the wall exposed to the water is vertical or sub-vertical according to the slope of the valley. This structure is extremely safe if there are natural phenomena like earthquakes or extreme floods. According to the material used for the costruction, it can be in concrete, in rocks or in mixed materials.
Arch dams Their structure, which is built in concrete, is particularly simple thanks the resistances of the arches which transfer the loadof water to the side walls of the mountains. Buttress dams This structure is similar to the gravity dams, but the wall of the dam is more inclined than the walls of the gravity dams. These are generally built in the valley of the river’s course, in particular in a place of low gradient.
Today dams have increased in numbers, quality and quantity, creating a situation of global alert. In the world there are more than 800 000 dams of all sizes. A dam can store a quantity of water of about 6000 cubic kilometers, equal to 15% of the renewable water of the earth. However, dams produce 19% of energy and 16% of all global food production.
Campotosto’s Dam Chiauci’s Dam San Domenico’s Dam Bomba’s lake Dam Sant’Angelo’s dam Penne’s Dam
Water used in DRINKS A drink, or a beverage, is a kind of liquid which is specifically prepared for human consumption.There are many groups of drinks: plain water, alcoholic drinks, non-alcoholic drinks, softdrinks (carbonated drinks), fruit or vegetable juices and hot drinks.
An alcoholic beverage is a drink that contains ethanol, commonly known as alcohol. Beer has been a part of human culture for 8000 years. The percentage of water is about 90%. ALCOHOLIC DRINKS
NON-ALCOHOLIC DRINKS A non-alcoholic drink is one that contains little or no alcohol. This category includes low-alcohol beer, non-alcoholic wine and apple cider, if they contain less than 0,5% alcohol by volume.
SOFT DRINKS The term “soft drink” specifies the absence of alcohol in contrast to “hard drink”. Beverages such as soda pop, sparkling water, iced tea, lemonade, root beer and fruit punch are the most common soft drinks. Some carbonated drinks are available in versions that are sweetened with a sugar substitute. The percentage of water is about 85%.
FRUIT JUICES Fruit juice is a natural product that contains few or no additives. Citrus products such as orange and tangerine juice are familiar breakfast drinks. Grapefruit juice, pineapple, apple, grape, lime and lemon juice are also common. Coconut water is a highly nutritious and refreshing juice. Many kinds of berries are crushed and their juices mixed with water and sometimes sweetened. Juices were probably the earliest drinks besides water. Grape juice allowed to ferment produces wine. Orange juice and coconut water remain by far the most highly consumed juices. The percentage of water can vary from 0% to 50%.
HOT DRINKS A hot drink is any beverage which is normally served heated, by the addition of a heated liquid, such as water or milk, or directly heating the drink itself. Examples are hot chocolate, coffee, tea, tisane, etc. The percentage of water can vary from 25% to 50%.
In the last fewyearsmanybeverage companies havebeenresponsible for the lack of water in some areas or for changes in public policy to privatizethisvitalliquid, aswellas , affect the economy of manycountries. For example, in India 70% of the populationbasedtheirsubsistence on agriculture and therefore on water; communities living next to the bottlingplants of the multinational Coca-Cola are suffering the gradualcontamination of the land and a progressive lack of water caused by the hugeamounts of fresh water necessary for the beveragemanufacture. The impact of thesefactorshasaffectedmainly the mostvulnerablecommunities: indigenouspeople, women, disadvantaged social classes, small farmers, whohavesuffered the loss of traditionalsubsistence of communities and food security for thousands of people.
water Without water life does not exist. Fresh water is used for drinking, washing, irrigating, producing energy. It is the most used of the other sources.
It is in the three-quarters of our muscles and our brain, it makes us assimilate food; it brings nourishment and oxygen to the cells and removes waste products through the blood and lymphatic system, lubricates every joint of our body and is its natural air conditioning trought the sweating.A human body can contain 47 liters of that!!
Water totally in the world (thatcovers71% ofofthis) Aboutfreshwater (3% of the total)
The lack of water Causes: Waste and baduses of water; Pollution; Water asmerchandise; Deforestation; Privatizations; Industries. Consequences: • Illness; • Desertification; • Alteration of ecosystem; • Incrementation of shortage: • Heating of weather.
Possible solution to obtain fresh water from salted water
Water purification Water purification is the process of removing undesiderable chemicals , biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water.
Desalination by ion concentration polarization During this process , both salts and larger particles are pushed away from the membrane, which significantly reduces the possibility of membrane fouling and salt accumulation.
A charge-drivenmolecular water pump Nanopumpsdriven by electric or magneticfields can transportionsand magnetic quanta. Itis a combination of chargespositionedadjacent to a nanopore and isinspired by the structure of channels in the cellular membrane thatconduct water in and out of the cell (aquaporins).
Ozonation in water treatment The treatment process does not add chemicals to the water. Ozone can eliminate a wide variety of inorganic, organic and microbiological problems and taste and odor problems. The microbiological agents include bacteria, viruses, and protozons
4I Federico Falcone Chiara Firmani Anna Coletti Denis Le Ardi Jessica D’Ambrosio Luca Terenzi Lorenzo Buccella Alessio Chiavaroli Valeria Cianciaruso Paride De Nicola Mattia Di Donato Alexandra Diaconu Augusto Giancola Stefano Mazzocchetti Ilaria Scoglio Gianluca Sofia 4H Antonio Agusto Federica Carducci Alessandro Ciarfella Amerigo Cirelli Vanessa Da Fermo Lorenzo Del Rossi Carola Di Camillo Samuele Di Fabio Matteo Di Fulvio Noemi Di Giandomenico Marina Di Michele Pierpalolo Mariani Matteo Mascione Cinzia Paolini Fabio Paparella Pierfrancesco Pompa Maria Giulia Rolli Michele Romano Lorenzo Scocchera Stefano Spadano Alessandro Tolli Francesco Triozzi Fabrizio Varelli 4C Mattia Barbarossa Lisa Cafarelli Aminta Carozza Silvia Cavallone Noemi Colucci Caterina Crudeli Lorenzo Di Fazio Fabrizio Di Fiore Daniele Di Renzo Veronica Ferrante Ludovica Fraicassè Kevin Furbesco Alessia Fusco Lorenza Gianvittorio Francesco Ianni Francesca Lobefaro Francesco Magrini Aurora Marangoni Vittorio Maroscia Valentina Membrino Hilary Murillo Alice Ortolano Ilaria Ortuso Alessia Palestini Bruno Parisse Mariano Pomante Francesco Troiano 4 E Benigni Bozzi Cilli D’accurzio D’agostino De Pasquale Del Zozzo Falasca Ferrarini Gasbarri Lo Russo Marchioli Morico Nicolò Orlando Pace Palladinetti Pardo Pergolini Pierguidi Pingelli Renzetti Spadano Taraborrelli Tomaiuolo