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From Freud to Anna Freud, Jung, Adler and Karen Horney PowerPoint Presentation
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From Freud to Anna Freud, Jung, Adler and Karen Horney

From Freud to Anna Freud, Jung, Adler and Karen Horney

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From Freud to Anna Freud, Jung, Adler and Karen Horney

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  1. From Freud to Anna Freud, Jung, Adler and Karen Horney Roots, trunk, and branches Lucie Johnson, 11-22-05

  2. Freud and Anna, his Daughter (1895-1982) • Anna brought Freudian concepts to her work with children. • Used play materials, drawings, home observation • Stressed the concept of therapeutic alliance • Expanded the role of the Ego and Ego defense mechanisms

  3. Melanie Klein (1882-1960 • Melanie Klein stresses the pre-oedipal period of the child's development, and it intense feelings. • She and Anna Freud had a theoretical dispute which Anna won in the US, and Melanie won in Europe • Melanie Klein is the founder of the "objects relation" theory which has become much more important even in the US these days.

  4. Freud and Alfred Adler (1870-1937) • Adler: main motive is escape from death • This results in a quest for power • Notion of inferiority and superiority complexes. • Dreams etc… are a quest for mastery • Notion of social interest

  5. Alfred Adler and Everyday Life • The notion of Style of Life • The creative power of the self • Birth order effects

  6. Freud and Carl Jung (1875-1961) • Jung extends the notion of unconscious to the concept of COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS (in addition to the Freudian personal unconscious). • There is an archetypal level in the collective unconscious

  7. Examples of Archetypes • Persona: that which we appear to be • Anima: the feminine in man • Animus: the masculine in woman • Shadow: the darker self • The Self: that which integrates the other archetypes

  8. Jung and development • As an individual matures, the various archetypal aspects of his/her person come out and become more balanced. • Not everyone is meant to be like everyone else. Personality types (currently reflected in the Myers-Briggs test): E vs I, S vs N, T vs F, P vs J

  9. Freud and Karen Horney (1885-1952) • Does believe in unconscious motives • Does not believe in biological determinism • Does not accept the Oedipal conflict as foundational, nor the id-ego-superego • Womb envy vs penis envy

  10. Understanding Neuroses • Basic anxiety (hence hostility and fear) • 3 basic ways to cope: • Moving toward others: compliance, seeking approval • Moving away: independence, withdrawal • Moving against: aggression, power, achievement • The idealized self

  11. The End Start again