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The Creativity Cascade. Dr Ashley Compton Bishop Grosseteste University College Lincoln.

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The creativity cascade

The Creativity Cascade

Dr Ashley Compton

Bishop Grosseteste University College Lincoln


“We’re trying to get our students into a certain frame of mind. That they question, that there’s no one right answer; that we can respond in a number of ways. If we can get them to be thinking like that then the likelihood is that they’re going to go into school and be creative and work with the structures that they have to work within in a creative way.”

(Beth, tutor interview)


Outline of research
Outline of research of mind. That they question, that there’s no one right answer; that we can respond in a number of ways. If we can get them to be thinking like that then the likelihood is that they’re going to go into school and be creative and work with the structures that they have to work within in a creative way.”

Objectives:

To understand the meanings of the word ‘creativity’ for tutors and students on this programme

To explore the current practice and perceptions of creativity in summative assessment, from the viewpoints of both tutors and students

To explore the current practice and perceptions of creativity in school placement

  • Practitioner research – an undergraduate primary education with QTS programme

  • Paradigm: Interpretivist, social constructivist

  • Methodology: Illuminative evaluation


Outline of research1
Outline of research of mind. That they question, that there’s no one right answer; that we can respond in a number of ways. If we can get them to be thinking like that then the likelihood is that they’re going to go into school and be creative and work with the structures that they have to work within in a creative way.”

  • Semi-structured interviews with all permanent tutors (n=9)

  • Virtual focus group with students

  • Semi-structured interviews with students (n=6)

  • Unstructured interview with ‘expert’ student (n=1)

  • Questionnaires with Y2 (n=32) and Y1 (n=55)

  • Document analysis

    • All assignment briefs and marking grids

    • All SP booklets and RPD

    • Sample of assignment feedback

    • Sample of SP lesson observation feedback


What is creativity
What is Creativity? of mind. That they question, that there’s no one right answer; that we can respond in a number of ways. If we can get them to be thinking like that then the likelihood is that they’re going to go into school and be creative and work with the structures that they have to work within in a creative way.”

I think it’s an extremely hard thing to say what it means. And I think that even when you say what it means there could be examples where you’d say, ‘I didn’t mean it like that.’

(Fiona, tutor interview)


Creativity pyramid

making something new and valuable to society as a whole, working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

Layer 4

using skills, knowledge and imagination to make something new and valuable to the peer group / local community; challenging and engaging an audience; original thinking; innovating

Layer 3

making connections; relating; showing insight; synthesising; developing own style; independent thinking; solving problems; transforming; exercising judgement / evaluating; challenging; taking risks

Layer 2

noticing; taking an interest; observing; exploring; questioning; investigating; researching; expressing thoughts and feelings; imagining; making choices; creating; making

Layer 1

Creativity Pyramid


Shared Definition of Creativity working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

Tutors and Students


Factors promoting creativity
Factors promoting Creativity working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision


Opportunities for creativity in assessment
Opportunities for creativity in assessment working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

Presentations

Investigations / Research

SoW

Essays

Choice and interpretation

Engaging audience

Exams NOT seen as creative


Prominent creativity terms in assignments
Prominent Creativity terms in Assignments working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

In briefs, marking grids and tutor feedback:

  • Making connections

  • Selection / choice

  • Evaluation (less common in feedback)

  • Presentation / Engaging an audience

    Feedback also included comments related to creative teaching.


Sp and afl
SP and AfL working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

“The thing that placement gives is more of a chance to restart or learn from experience and build very quickly. Where what the assignment does is make you wait for a month after hand in and then get feedback that may or may not be relevant to you. Life may have moved on to a degree and you’re never going to do that assignment ever again. Whereas school practice, tomorrow’s another day, if today was a disaster we can try something different and just keep moving on, moving on, and the feedback’s pretty much instantaneous.”

(Ian, tutor interview)


Creative teaching teaching for creativity
Creative Teaching / Teaching for Creativity working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

“Once you know what you’ve got to teach you can always put your creative spin on it and how the children are going to learn in a creative way or how you can be creative to allow them to learn.”

(Keith, Y2, December interview)

“It’s what teaching’s all about. It’s designing opportunities that are creative, that allow children to be creative, that allow you to be creative.”

(Emily, tutor interview)


Types of teacher and pupil creativity
Types of Teacher and Pupil Creativity working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision


Factors promoting creativity on sp
Factors Promoting Creativity on SP working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

Pupil engagement

Pupil ownership

High quality outcomes

Collaboration


Recommendations shared definition
Recommendations: Shared definition working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

  • Tutors explaining what they mean by creativity

    • In assessment

    • On school placement

  • Students encouraged to develop and apply own definitions


Recommendations increased constructive alignment
Recommendations: Increased constructive alignment working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

Biggs, J. and Tang, C. (2007) Teaching for Quality Learning at University, 3rd edition, Maidenhead: Open University Press.


Recommendations greater use of afl
Recommendations: Greater use of AfL working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

  • More student engagement with marking criteria

  • Students helping to formulate marking grids?

  • More peer and self-assessment

  • Developing formative assessments which involve children / public presentation

  • Returning formative feedback before the mark


Recommendations assignment exemplars teacher mentors
Recommendations: working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and visionAssignment Exemplars & Teacher Mentors

Balancing support / encouraging individuality


Creativity cascade
Creativity Cascade working at the pinnacle of the field in skills, knowledge, understanding and vision

“…having the opportunity to be creative on this course has enabled me to be creative as a teacher because I’ve had those experiences myself.

…if you’ve been able to give your creativity you know how to provide opportunities for the children to be creative. So that’s also how I’ve been able to do what I’ve been able to do on placement. From having those opportunities myself on this course.”

(Julia, Y3, interview)


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