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Urban Challenges. AP Human Geography. What is the “inner city?”. Residential neighborhoods that surround the CBD. Suburbs exist on the periphery (edge) of the city . Inner city residents face a unique set of challenges . Higher density

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urban challenges

Urban Challenges

AP Human Geography

what is the inner city
What is the “inner city?”
  • Residential neighborhoods that surround the CBD.
  • Suburbs exist on the periphery (edge) of the city.
  • Inner city residents face a unique set of challenges.
  • Higher density
  • High concentrations of low income residents (compared to the suburbs)
  • Crime, poverty
what happened
What Happened?
  • Great Migration
    • Blacks from the South were pushed into certain areas of the city aka ghettos.
    • High concentrations of poverty, over crowded
  • Because of restrictive covenants, blacks had trouble moving out of the “ghetto.”
    • Houses in certain areas could only be sold to whites.
  • Decline of industry= loss of jobs
    • Increase in illegal activity/ gangs/ drugs/ etc.
public housing
Public Housing
  • Housing projects were built to alleviate the poverty faced by those living in the ghetto.
  • Dr. King visited Chicago and praised the construction of the projects.
  • Over time, they deteriorated and became havens of violence and crime.
  • Houses grow old and fall into a state of disrepair.
    • Properties decline in value, not worth maintaining
  • Landlords abandon properties instead of maintaining them.
  • Filtering- larger houses are divided into multiple units.
    • Cheaper rent
    • Higher concentration of low income residents
  • Loans are denied to people living in areas
  • These areas fall into greater disrepair since people cannot get loans to improve their property.
  • Today, the practice is illegal, but was widespread 1920’s-70’s.
urban renewal
Urban Renewal
  • The process of identifying blighted neighborhoods, purchasing the property, clearing the site (including residents), and redeveloping the area.
    • Condos, shops, etc.
    • Material conditions improve
  • Controversy: destroys traditional neighborhoods, “negro removal” (1960s)
  • Most residents are forced to relocate, although some units may be set aside for low income residents.
near west side chicago
Near West Side, Chicago


20 years ago

  • Middle class suburbanites move back into the city and renovate housing
    • Shorter commute, closer to nightlife/ recreation
  • Rents/ taxes increase
  • Low income residents are pushed out of their neighborhoods
social issues
Social Issues
  • Underclass- refers to residents trapped in continuous economic and social problems.
  • “Culture of Poverty”
    • Unemployment
    • Reliance on welfare/ assistance
    • Alcoholism
    • Drug addiction
    • Lack of education
    • Crime
    • Homelessness
economic issues
Economic Issues
  • Inner city residents require public services, but cannot pay taxes to cover them.
  • Two choices:
  • Reduce Services (close libraries, reduce public transit, outdated school equipment, SCHOOL CLOSINGS!)
    • Middle class residents may leave
  • Raise Taxes