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Maritime Security Conference. UN PKO: Maritime/Riverine Security & Capacity Building. 5 – 6 June 2012 Halifax. Current Maritime/Riverine Operations. UNIFIL (8 ships, flagship is pending) MIO & Training MINUSTAH (16 FPBs) Illegal activities & immigration
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Maritime Security Conference UN PKO:Maritime/Riverine Security&Capacity Building 5 – 6 June 2012 Halifax
Current Maritime/Riverine Operations • UNIFIL (8 ships, flagship is pending) • MIO & Training • MINUSTAH (16 FPBs) • Illegal activities & immigration • MONUSCO (8 RHIBs + 2 Fast Patrol boats & 3 pushers, 3 barges, 3 speed boats) • Kivu Lake & Congo river Patrolling • POC Operations on Lake Tanganyika • UNOCI (2 patrol boats) • Patrol IVO Abidjan
UNIFIL: Maritime Task Force • Tasks • Maritime Interdiction Operation • Training LAF-Navy • Composition (9 ships): • Flagship (Brazilian Frigate) - CMTF • Frigate, OPV (Bangladesh) • FPB (Turkey) • Corvettes (Indonesia) • Two MCMV + Supply ship (Germany) • Patrol vessel (Greece)
LAF: Maritime Capacity Building Costal Radar Organization Damage control Technical support “Stage” at sea cadets Exercises on board Lectures on ‘law at sea’
LAF Navy: Capacity Building • Coastal Radar Organization (seven radars provided by Germany) • Training LAF-Navy crews (ashore & afloat) provided by Germany – in perspective by MTF units • Seamanship • Navigation • MIO Challenges (LAF-N): • Lack of resources • No immediate emplacement after training • Lack of the necessary number of ships
FORT LIBERTE 4 FPB FORT LIBERTE, border control on north zone with D.R, close to HCG Base in Cap. Haitian GONAÏVES 4 FPB GONAIVES in flooding zone and very close to contribute with PAP (main port) if needed PORT SALUT URUMAR HQ JACMEL, Border control on south zone with D.R PORT SALUT 6 FPB JACMEL 2 FPB MINUSTAH: coastal component • Tasks: • Illegal migration & activities • Secure Ports • Protection of the Environment • SAR • Composition: (16 FPBs) • Uruguay – supposed to be downsized to 10 FPBs • Plans: • no additional coastal units • redeployment of FPBs • (3 stations instead of 4), closer to Haitian Coast Guard bases Current deployment
MINUSTAH: coastal component SERVICES OF PIER: ELECTRICITY FRESH WATER REFUELING
HCG: Capacity Building • Efficiencies • Seamanship provided by MINUSTAH • Basic training provided by MINUSTAH • Challenges: • Short of recruited personnel • Lack of internal resources
BONGANDANGA 880 km KISANGANI 1.734 km MBANDAKA 700 km BOENDE 1.141 km BANDUNDU 208 km ILEBO 798 km KINSHASA KIKWIT 522 km MONUSCO: Congo River AOR • Composition: 3 pushers, 3 barges, 3 speed boats manned by 10 MILOBs and Ghanaian QRT onboard • Tasks: • Patrol, Interdiction and Surveillance Ops. • Intelligence Collection. • Protection of Civilians. • Provision of waterborne logistics transportation (HA/DR; PIO; WFP; EC; VIP)
MONUSCO: URPAC on Kivu and Tanganyika Lakes • Composition of URPAC: 8 RIBs & 2 Speed Boats • 4 RIBs were redeployed to patrol northern part of Tanganyika Lake, based in Uvira; shore-based Coy base being constructed in Uvira. • Intent: Naval unit on Tanganyika Lake • - Short term composition: 1 mother vessel + 4 RHIBs • - Tasks: • Surveillance • Protection of civilians • Illegal activities • - MIO • - Requirement: sea-going vessels due to size of lake (TBD) • Base: Uvira/Baraka/Kalemie (TBD)
VHF and HF CREW: 6 RADAR 12.7mm BROWNING 7.62mm MAG DRAFT 1.2M LENGTH OVERALL 10.5M ENGINES: 2 diesel 200 hp (VOLVO) MAX. SPEED - 25 Knts. MAX. TPT CAPAB: 12 Troops full equipped or 20 light infantry.
MONUSCO MARK: ZODIAC MODEL: MK IV (Heavy Duty) LENGHT: 5 meters LOAD CAPACITY: 1.720 kg TRANSPORT CAPACITY: 10 Troops full equipped OUTBOARD MOTOR MARK: MERCURY HP: 75 CONSUMPTION: 30 liters/hour at economical speed and standard cargo
FARDC Naval Force: Capacity Building • Efficiencies: • Joint patrols with URUPAC (very limited) • Challenges: • Indoctrination (no expertise at all) • Lack of riverine capabilities • Lack of logistics (provided by UN only) • Large water spaces to cover (15000 of waterways & Great Lakes area)
UNOCI • 2 boats (part of HQ support coy in Abidjan) • Limited capacity • No protection against small arms • Not adapted in time of crisis • Proposal for replacement by more capable assets • Fast Patrol boats and additional crews • Protection against small arms • Useful in time of crisis
UNOCI • Border monitoring – not possible • UNOCI and UNMIL investigated possibility for waterborne patrols on Cavally river (border Cote d’Ivoire/Liberia) • Complicated waterways (rapids) – not possible
To provide riverine transportation by waterways as per reinforcement and evacuation plan UNOCI – Riverine Boats
Cote d’Ivoire: Costal Capacity Building • Efficiencies: • Capacity Building - on bilateral basis (USN) • Maritime Security (terrorism, piracy) • Challenges: • No mandate or adequate resources to train • 2 small Bangladeshi boats • Language problem
Anti Piracy • EUNAVFOR - Op ATALANTA • US / Coalition – CTF 151 • NATO – Op Ocean Shield • Independent Nations - China, India, Russia, Malaysia, Japan • Piracy is security aspect • Coordination with regional players (AMISOM) • UN renders assistance but not dealing with units at sea • Integration with UN stakeholders (UNPOS, UNSOA, UNOAU, IMO)
Interaction • UN structures (IMO, UNSOA, UNOAU) • Missions • EU • Chief of European Navies • NATO • AU • CJOS COE & other stakeholders • Counter-piracy coalition (SHADE, Bahrain)
Future Operation: Somalia • Operation • Blockade (unrealistic) • Plans unlikely address maritime issue • AMISOM • Troops Increment • Enablers (List is being updated) • Kampala Accord • Process is on going