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SRM Scenario. Centennial, Colorado to Salt Lake City, Utah. Background Information KAPA to KSLC. Two adults and one child arrived from Wichita Kansas the previous day. The child is being taken to KSLC for open heart surgery and requires continual supplemental oxygen.

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srm scenario

SRM Scenario

Centennial, Colorado to Salt Lake City, Utah

background information kapa to kslc
Background InformationKAPA to KSLC
  • Two adults and one child arrived from Wichita Kansas the previous day.
  • The child is being taken to KSLC for open heart surgery and requires continual supplemental oxygen.
  • The 2 adults are the child’s parents and neither have experience in GA aircraft.
background planning kapa to kslc
Background PlanningKAPA to KSLC
  • The pilot just completed Adam FITS Training
  • Pilot is a “Flatlander”, overweight and a smoker
  • 30 Day History shows the PFD has failed three time due to a popped CB
  • Database expires at midnight
flight planning kapa to kslc
Flight PlanningKAPA to KSLC
  • KAPA Weather - Clear skies, winds 270/15 Knots, temp 85 degrees
  • KSLC TAF – 041800 041818 1815G25 P6SM BKN050
  • Cold frontal passage forecast late in the evening at KSLC
  • Winds Aloft Forecast – FL180 270/20
pre takeoff

Red: Planned Flight Leg

Green: Flown Flight Leg

  • You brief your passengers what to expect during the departure from KAPA – Your front seat passenger appears nervous.
pre takeoff9


  • ATC Clears N123SRM to KSLC via ROCKIES4 departure, Meeker transition, SPANE4 arrival. Climb to 10,000 expect FL180 after departing class B airspace

After Takeoff

What are your intentions?

  • Denver approach reports no transponder ident, asks intentions?

Approaching theFront Range

  • Cleared to FL180
  • Ground Speed is 5 knots slower than planned
  • Autopilot seems to have difficulty maintaining course in GPS mode
  • Light Cirrus to the North
mid point of the trip
Mid Point of the Trip
  • Both PFD and transponder fail
  • Denver Center calls on Emergency frequency, tells you RADAR contact lost, asks you to call on previous frequency
  • Light chop encountered
  • Pilot has a headache
  • Ground Speed is 170 Knots

Adam 500


over thisl
  • KSLC ATIS, temp 75 degrees, wind 160/15G 20, mountains are obscured, visibility 7 SM, simultaneous approaches in progress, expect vectors to Rwy 16L or Rwy 17
  • Airmet for mod turb over the rockies from FSS
  • SLC Approach asks you to report over FFU, advises expect vectors to ILS RWY 17
over spane

SLC Approach clears you to descend, tells you to cross FFU at 12,000’ and expect 10,000’ after FFU and gives you a frequency change

  • Autopilot will not hold desired descent rate or track
  • During descent through the clouds, the engine suddenly loses power. Indications are: very low manifold pressure, CHT and TIT dropping rapidly!
  • Fuel remaining: 15 Gallons
  • All passengers complain of inner ear pain
  • Child begins to cry
engine quits
Engine Quits

What are you

going to do?

Find the nearest suitable field?

IFR Mountain Flying Recommendations:


  • File your flight plan early.
  • Get a complete weather briefing.
  • Check for arrival delay information.
  • Avoid Friday afternoon through Sunday (November to April) if possible.
  • Anticipate delays; plan an alternate.
  • Before starting engines, coordinate with the tower/FSS (as appropriate) for departure delay info.


  • Be a "scud" runner.
  • Expect to "JUST GO" to a mountain airport.
  • Expect to get there if you are late.
  • Cancel your IFR and try to sneak in VFR in marginal weather.
  • Depart VFR and expect an IFR clearance from Denver Center without prior approval.
VFR Mountain Flying Recommendations:


  • File a flight plan which includes an exact route of flight.
  • Get a complete weather briefing.
  • Avoid Friday afternoon through Sunday (November to April) if possible.
  • Anticipate marginal weather.


  • Be a "scud" runner.
  • Plan to pick up an IFR clearance in the air.
  • Depart in marginal VFR weather. The mountains and weather in Colorado can be very hazardous to your health.
  • Expect VFR flight following from Denver Center due to sector workload.
  • End up a statistic.
srm scenario20

SRM Scenario

Discussion & Questions