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National Committee for Civil Defense National Disaster Management System Cpt. Faisal S. AL Hajri Assistant Director, Executive Office National Committee for Civil Defense (NCCD)
Topics: Background Country Risk Register DM in Oman. Challenges DM principles. Organizational Chart
Country Risk Register • Cyclones & Floods • Earthquakes • Tsunamis • Industrial/CBRN • Major Transport Accidents • Heat waves • Epidemics المنظومة الوطنية لإدارة حالات الطوارئ
Cyclones 1890, 1898,1911,1916, 1921,1959,1977,1979,1992,1996,2004,2010. Area Hit : Sharqya, Muscat, and Dhofar. Months: May & June – October & November • Cyclone distribution map
Tsunami Map • Major : 1945 , 8-R earthquake in Makran area caused a massive Tsunami that caused 4000 deaths in the costal areas (Pakistani Side)
Earthquake Distribution map Major : mostly in the range of 6 either in Oman sea or Musandam area
NCCD Executive Office
Challenges: Reactive (response only). Coordination and communication issues. Data collection and sharing (National Database). Duplication/Overlap of roles. limited role of private sector and NGOs. Local /community involvement is missed. The emergence of industrial and CBRN hazards.
Guiding Principles: Risk Analysis – Risk Mapping Proactive Approach- Risk reduction. (Holistic). Enhancement of Early Warning systems. Community/local involvement. NGOs, PS involvement. Public Awareness. Effective coordination and Information sharing. (EMIS) Training and Education (EMTC)
Sector’s Common Roles & Responsibilities Develop and update Sector’s plan, Standards, and SOPs. Coordinate efforts and resources within the sector; Develop and enhance Sector’s capacities; Develop and update a database of the resources available. Training & Drills. Management of International assistance.
NEMP Contents الخطة الوطنية لإدارة حالات الطوارئ National Emergency Management Plan • NEM Strategy. • NEMS Structure. • Roles and responsibilities. • Command & Control (ICS) المنظومة الوطنية لإدارة حالات الطوارئ
DM Plans 1 4 3 2 Relief Operation Plan Infrastructure Recovery Plan Communication & Media Plan CBRN Plan Emergency Medical Response & Public Health S & R DVI Risk Assessment & Early Warning System 8 7 6 5
Emergency Information Management System (EIMS) based on databases, geographical information systems to support emergency-related decision-making. Risk Mapping/Risk Reduction Activities. Modeling – Damage prediction. Damage Assessment (Remote Sensing) Response management (Resources Database) Recovery Activities Management. 5- Emergency Information Management System
Databases EMIS GIS Intelligent IT systems Incident management Systems Supporting facilities