Bones' Fractures and Basic support. Types of Fracture:. 1-Closed Fracture: The bone is broken, but the skin is intact 2-open fracture: The Bone is broken beside the skin is tore (susceptible to Bleeding and Infection). Indications of Fractures:. Pain when moving the fractured part
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Types of Fracture: • 1-Closed Fracture: The bone is broken, but the skin is intact • 2-open fracture: The Bone is broken beside the skin is tore (susceptible to Bleeding and Infection)
Indications of Fractures: • Pain when moving the fractured part • Altered shape and color of the fractured part • inability of moving the fractured part • Bleeding, swelling and bruise
Equipment: • cardboard (a board of cartoon) or a Wood. • bandages • Triangular bandage. • adult first aid dummy.
PROCEDURE STEPS: • 1-When you meet the patient, ensure the scene is safe. • 2-Put your gloves on (if there is any).
3-Don’t move the parts of altered color and shaped • 4-Put a clean gauze on the injure site • 5-put a tree's wood or a cardboard above and beneath the fracture area, then wrap it with a band
6-rise the fractured extremity 10 Cm above the ground and put a solid thing beneath it 7-if the fractured part is the hand, use the triangular band to tie it around the neck, so the forearm will be at the level of the heart. 8-Check if the patient has extra problems or not. Then, transfer the patient.
CAUTION while tying the triangular bandage, make sure the head of the bandage at the elbow's side.
Sources and photographs: • Türkiye Acil Tıp Derneği • AmericanHeartAss. • İLCOR • Adam.com • Basic Life Support=BLS) CPR. Sağlık dökümanları.com/dokumanlar/Bls-cpr-egitimi.ppt.sunumu • Milli Eğitim bakanlığı • Sağlık bakanlığı