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The same words have different meanings. The bandage was wound around the wound. The soldier decided to desert his dessert in the desert. Since there is no time like the present, he thought it was time to present the present. When shot at, the dove dove into the bushes. They were too close to the door to close it. The buck does funny things when the does are present. A seamstress and a sewer fell down into a sewer line. After a number of injections my jaw got number.
Words with same meaning aren’t the same. You can watch a movie or see a movie, but you can only watch TV, never see it. You can’t view either of them, even though when you watch either of them, you become a viewer (and never a watcher, much less a seer!)
Words don’t always matter. In English, the entire meaning of a sentence can be changed by placing stress on a word. I entered my room.
Words don’t always matter. In English, the entire meaning of a sentence can be changed by placing stress on a word. I entered my room. Ientered my room. I enteredmy room. I entered myroom. I entered my room.
3 Main Types of Speech Literal – words used mean what they say Figurative – words used are close to what they say, but in a more creative way Rhetorical –words used in the art of formal speaking or writing as a way to persuade or influence people
Is literal language always easy to identify? Literal – words used mean what they say Examples: Fact: There is a 10th grade at UMA. Face Value (but not a fact): Most grass is red. Confusing, but still literal language: Are boxing rings circular? Does quicksand work quickly?
Figurative is…not literal. • Metaphor: equates 2 unlike things • She is a walking dictionary. • Simile: equates 2 unlike things using “like” or “as” • She is so smart; she’s like a walking dictionary. • Hyperbole: extreme exaggeration • I’m so tired, I could sleep all year. • Personification: gives an inanimate object human traits • The leaves danced in the autumn breeze.
Figurative is…not literal. • Symbolism: a word that has its own meaning is used to represent and give meaning to something else • United States Flag is often used to represent liberty. • Onomatopoeia: an action that is named using the sound it makes • The bacon sizzled and popped in the pan. • Idiom: a phrase that is used by a group of people (usually culturally specific) that means something completely unrelated to what it says • It’s raining cats and dogs out there!
If figurative is everything that is not literal, what is rhetoric? Definition from Meriam Webster: rhet·o·ric noun \ˈre-tə-rik\ : language that is intended to influence people and that may not be honest or reasonable : the art or skill of speaking or writing formally and effectively especially as a way to persuade or influence people