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蘇聯車諾比核電廠災變的發生與影響 PowerPoint Presentation
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蘇聯車諾比核電廠災變的發生與影響

蘇聯車諾比核電廠災變的發生與影響

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蘇聯車諾比核電廠災變的發生與影響

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  1. 蘇聯車諾比核電廠災變的發生與影響 環境未來學期末報告 授課老師:張保興 科目代號:TGURB0T0176 0B 班別:資工三a 學號:491191093 座號:13 姓名:吳孟容

  2. Contents • Introduction of nuclear power plants • Introduction of the disaster • Local effects • Worldwide effects • Conclusion

  3. Introductionof unclear power plants • Unclear power(核能) • Difference between America and Russia’s power plants

  4. Unclear power(核能) 目前世界上進行商業運轉的核能電廠都是以鈾為燃料 進行核分裂連鎖反應進而產生熱能,再將水加熱成高 溫高壓的水蒸汽,用於推動汽輪機,再帶動發電機產 生能量.

  5. Difference between America and Russia’s power plants • 美式與俄式核能電廠比較: • 為什麼蘇聯要用較不穩定的石墨? 核子武器.技術 • 目前世界上的核能電廠皆是採用美式 • 為什麼會發生爆炸? 石墨不穩定.人為疏失

  6. Introduction of the disaster • On April 26, 1986, reactor 4 of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant exploded . Radioactive fallout (放射性的落塵) from Chernobyl spread throughout Europe and even reached Japan and the United States. Nearly 400,000 people were evacuated.

  7. Local effects • Health effects • Economy effects • Biology effects

  8. Health effects • Increase In Thyroid(甲狀腺) Cancer (圖二) (圖一)

  9. Health effects • Increases In Other disease (孕婦經輻射感染生下的畸型兒)

  10. Economy effects • Control measures limit industrial and agricultural activities reducing the range of products the area was able to export(輸出物資). This would have lead to a fall in local incomes. • New town • Cost:170 hundred million(17 billion)

  11. Biology effects • 放射線有促進生物變異的作用 (正常的像樹葉子) (經輻射作用後)

  12. Biology effects (經輻射作用變異的兔子)

  13. Worldwide effects • The explosion at Chernobyl acted like a volcano, blowing radioactive(放射性的) particles(微粒) far into the sky. Wind moved the plume(煙塵), or cloud of radioactive particles, all around the world.

  14. Worldwide effects (污染區域圖)

  15. Conclusion 車諾比事件震驚全球,不僅僅造成蘇俄本國的損失 慘重,其他世界各國也面臨了嚴重的環境汙染.車 諾比事件引起了全球的關注,讓我們了解到核能的 危險性,也因此更加小心的使用核能.

  16. Reference • http://www.taiwanwatch.org.tw/issue/nuclear/SAVE/save026.htm • http://library.thinkquest.org/3426/index.html • http://www.nani.com.tw/big5/content/2003-06/06/content 18157.htm • http://vm.nthu.edu.tw/science/shows/nuclear/safety/index5.html • 車諾比的前車之鑑/ 徐光蓉匯整 • 蘇俄車諾比核子事故報告∕行政院原子能委員會編印∕1987.1。

  17. Reference • 影片來源:http://news100.com.tw/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=3270&forum=51車諾堡核電廠反應爐爆炸影片 ( 1 分 30 秒 )http://www.bamboo.hc.edu.tw/~hehe/media/net/chernobyl.wmv