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Lexi Gray. Dr. David Marquard Composition I Due: Tuesday, November 26, 2013. Problem:. Intercollegiate Athletes a presumed to be at a disadvantage in comparison to their non-athlete peers. Thesis Statement:.

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Lexi gray

Lexi Gray

Dr. David Marquard

Composition I

Due: Tuesday, November 26, 2013


  • Intercollegiate Athletes a presumed to be at a disadvantage in comparison to their non-athlete peers.

Thesis statement
Thesis Statement:

  • College student-athletes are not at a disadvantage when it comes to grades and educational opportunities in comparison to their non-athletic peers.


  • Student-Athletes have equal if not more opportunities for academic assistance

  • Higher-profile verses Lower-profile sports

  • An individual motivation to succeed

Equal more opportunities

  • S. Richards & E. Aries study- no significant difference in GPA between non-athletes and student-athletes

  • P. Umbach study- S/A are as engaged in educationally purposeful activities

Higher lower profile sports
Higher/Lower-Profile Sports:

  • Higher profile-Football, Basketball, etc.

  • Lower profile-Track, Soccer, etc.

  • “Differential effects for student-athletes in different sport types” (Gayles and Hu 329)

  • Lower Profile: “Participation positively and significantly related to learning and communication skills” (327)

Individual motivation
Individual Motivation:

  • Students have to chose to do better on their own

  • “Longer-term ambition may resist the influence of activity-based identity because expectations are based on a deeply ingrained sense of one’s place in the world” (Guest and Schneider 102)

  • Student-athletes can transfer motivation and dedication from their sport and use it to better themselves in the academic field.


  • ….Profile level of sport does not significantly influence the extent to which student-athletes participated in academic related activities

  • “Athletes are unprepared for and uninterested in academics, they come to college to advance their athletic careers rather than their academic careers” (Andler and Andler 241)


  • An athletes decision to participate in academically enriching activities an opportunities can be influenced by different things and have different effects depending on the individual student.

Work cited
Work Cited:

Andler, Peter, and Patricia A. Andler, “Idealism to Pragmatic Detachment: The Academic Performance of College Athletes” Sociology of Education Volume 58.Number 4 (1985): 241-250. Print.

Gayles, Joy Gaston, and Shouping Hu, “The Influence of Student Engagement and Sport Participation on College Outcomes among Division I Student Athletes” The Journal of Higher Education Volume 80.Number 3 (2009): 315-333. Print.

Guest, Andrew, and Barbara Schneider, “Adolescents’ Extracurricular Participation in Context: The Mediating Effects of Schools, Communities, and Identity” Sociology of Education Volume 76.Number 2 (2003): 89-109. Print.

Umbach, Paul D., Megan M. Palmer, George D. Kuh, and Stephanie J. Hannah, “Intercollegiate Athletes and Effective Practices: Winning Combination or Losing Effort?” Research in Higher Education Volume 47.Number 6 (2006): 709-733. Print.