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Claim their rule is by divine right (God-given) They are source of law, but not subject to it PowerPoint Presentation
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Claim their rule is by divine right (God-given) They are source of law, but not subject to it Have unlimited power over all aspects of state government Large standing state armies are loyal to monarch.

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slide2

Claim their rule is by divine right (God-given)

  • They are source of law, but not subject to it
  • Have unlimited power over all aspects of state government
  • Large standing state armies are loyal to monarch
The Spanish Armada (Spanish navy) is the an example of which of the following characteristics of an absolute monarch?
which of the following is the best example of a characteristic of an absolute monarch

Catherine I established educational reforms.

  • Charles I signed the Petition of Right (limiting his power).
  • Elizabeth I met with foreign dignitaries to keep England from getting into a war.
  • Ivan IV killed his son and continued to rule.
Which of the following is the best example of a characteristic of an absolute monarch?
slide4

Claim their rule is given by divine right.

  • Claim unlimited power over all aspects of state government
  • Claim the economy is under their direct control
  • Claim dominance over cultural life

Which characteristic of an absolute monarchy was being displayed when Catherine de Medici ordered all noble French Huguenots (Protestants) of Paris be killed, an event later known as the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre?

charles v

1519 – Leader of the Roman Empire

  • United Spain, Netherlands, France, Italy, Germanic states and Spanish territories from new world unders his empire…created controversy
  • Wanted everyone to be Catholic….Martin Luther had a different idea.
  • Divided Empire (sick of fighting) between Phillip II (son) –Spain and colonies and Brother how got the rest of the land
Charles V
review philip ii hapsburg spain

Devout Catholic leader

    • Married Queen Mary of England to keep central Europe Catholic
  • Did not answer to any authority except the Church
Review - Philip II (Hapsburg) - Spain
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Phillip II

Country: Spain

Years: 1556 - 1598

Achievements: Hard-working ruler who ushered in the Golden age of Spain – the most powerful nation. He also Helped the Catholic Church persecute Protestants during the Counter-Reformation.

Downfalls: Spanish armada defeated by England. After Philip II Spanish power slowly declined as rulers taxed people too much and spend money on overseas wars.

Power: he made all decisions, paranoid, spent too much money,

slide10

Elizabeth I

Ruler of England after Queen Mary (father Henry VIII).

She was encouraged to get married. She refused.

Good relationship with Parliament: let them speak their minds

Without punishment. Met with the frequently

Legacy:

Defeated Spanish Armada.

Proved a woman could be a good ruler.

Showed Absolute Monarchy could be good.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pV2GKPtnlTo

accomplishments
Accomplishments
  • Developed a compromise to please the Roman Catholic and the Protestant churches; probably saved England from religious wars
accomplishments cont d
Accomplishments cont’d
  • She funded voyages of discovery to the Americas; expeditions prepared England for an age of colonization and expansion
  • Under her reign, the arts flourished; miniature painting was at a high point and the theater thrived
accomplishments cont d1
Accomplishments cont’d
  • The English Navy defeated the Spanish Armada under Queen Elizabeth’s rule
slide14

Ivan the Terrible

Country: Russia

Years: 1533 - 1584

Achievements: Introduced extreme absolute power, expanded Russian lands, made Russia more religious. Military merit

Downfalls: Set up the first Russian secret police, the Oprichniki, who murdered thousands for him. He killed many nobles and destroyed many towns, and even killed his own son in a fit of rage.

slide15

Peter the Great

Country: Russia

Years: 1682 - 1725

Achievements: Westernization, St. Petersburg, modern army, new industries, education, warm water port (Baltic Sea), extended borders, unified the nation, reduced power of nobility, gained control of Russian Orthodox Church.

Downfalls: Did not reach Black sea, reforms died with him.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0x55ziW9kY

catherine the great
Catherine the Great

A conspirator that Killed her husband because he was a weak ruler.

Achievements: Carried on Peter’s reforms,Modernized Russia, Changed local government in rural areas to make them more effective.

Challenges: Many rebellions and uprisings.