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Shore Track Officials’ Association. 2009 Track and Field Rules Examination. 2009 Track and Field Rules Examination. During the review of the 2009 Exam, several questions raised discussion among the members.

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shore track officials association
Shore Track Officials’ Association

2009 Track and Field Rules Examination

2009 track and field rules examination
2009 Track and Field Rules Examination

During the review of the 2009 Exam, several questions raised discussion among the members.

While the answers on this test are taken from the NFHS key, questions that may be subject to additional interpretation and/or scrutiny have their answers in pink.

competitors and entries
Competitors and Entries
  • 1. Cross country uniform rules are applied the same as the general track uniform rules and those for relay team uniforms.

True

4-3-1,2 - Pg 25,26

9-6 – Pg 70

competitors and entries4
Competitors and Entries
  • 2. In cross country, if there is a discrepancy in course markings, directional flag markings take precedence over any other course markings.

True

9-1-2 – Pg 66

competitors and entries5
Competitors and Entries
  • 3. A contestant is any athlete entered in the meet. In a track event, he/she becomes a competitor when reporting to the starting line.

False

(reporting to Clerk/Field Event Judge)

4-1-1, 4-1-2 – Pg 24

competitors and entries6
Competitors and Entries
  • 4. Each contestant in track and field shall be responsible for obtaining a contestant number (if provided) and knowing the time schedule.

True

4-1-4 – Pg 24

cross country
Cross Country
  • 5. In cross country, a competitor shall wear the assigned, unaltered computer chips when these devices are used in the meet.

True

9-6-5 – Pg 71

cross country8
Cross Country
  • 6. Ties in team scoring for cross country shall be resolved by comparing sixth-place finishers from the tying teams.

True

9-2-4 – Pg 67

cross country9
Cross Country
  • 7. Once the teams have been called to the cross country starting line by the starter for final instructions, no further run-outs shall be permitted.

True

9-4-4 – Pg 69

cross country10
Cross Country
  • 8. In a cross country meet using computer chips on both shoes, it is acceptable for the meet management to still use the torso to determine the order of finish.

False

9-3-3 – Pg 67

discus shot put and javelin
Discus, Shot Put and Javelin
  • 9.It is a foul if, during the approach in the javelin, and before releasing the implement, the tail of the javelin touches the runway.

False

6-6-11 – Pg 50

discus shot put and javelin12
Discus, Shot Put and Javelin
  • 10. The time at which the preliminaries in each throwing event must be concluded or completed should be set by the games committee.

True

3-2-4d – Pg 15

6-2-3 – Pg 41

discus shot put and javelin13
Discus, Shot Put and Javelin
  • 11. If the competitor puts the shot and it lands on the sector line, it is an unsuccessful throw.

True

6-5-9f – Pg 47

field event officials
Field Event Officials
  • 12. The field referee/ head field judge or assigned inspector of implements shall inspect the vaulting poles to verify that they are legal equipment.

True

3-10-1 – Pg 21

3-19-1,2 – Pg 23

7-5-5 – Pg 57

field event officials15
Field Event Officials
  • 13.Designated coaching areas where coaches may observe and confer with their athletes during competition may be established by the meet referee

False

(Games Committee)

3-2-4g – Pg 15

field event officials16
Field Event Officials
  • 14. All measurements in field events by the event judge shall be made with non-stretchable tape such as fiberglass, nylon, steel, or a certified scientific measurement device (laser).

True (Multiple references)

6-4-11 – Pg 46

6-5-11 – Pg 48

6-6-13 – Pg 50

7-4-15 – Pg 55

7-6-16 – Pg 64

field event officials17
Field Event Officials
  • 15. The games committee may specify the number of jumps and the distance to be measured in the horizontal jumps.

True

3-2-4f – Pg 15

field event officials18
Field Event Officials
  • 16. The games committee has the authority to determine the competition area.

True

3-2-3b – Pg 15

field event officials19
Field Event Officials
  • 17. The event judge may determine the time limit and procedure to follow when competitors are excused from a field event to compete in another event.

False

(Games Committee)

3-2-3o – Pg 15

field event officials20
Field Event Officials
  • 18. In the high jump, the games committee does not determine the starting height and successive height of the crossbar.

False

3-2-3j – Pg 15

heat and lane assignments
Heat and Lane Assignments
  • 19. In first-round competition, runners from the same school who fall within the same heat shall be separated by moving the slower contestant to another heat.

True

5-6-4 – Pg 35

jumping events
Jumping Events
  • 20. A passed height in the vertical jumps is considered an unsuccessful trial and shall be counted when determining places in vertical jumps.

False

7-4-8 – Pg 54

7-4-17c – Pg 56

7-5-15 – Pg 60

7-5-30c – Pg 62

jumping events23
Jumping Events
  • 21. A competitor in the high jump may attempt to clear the bar in any manner, provided the takeoff is from one foot and no weights or artificial aids are used.

True

7-4-12 – Pg 55

jumping events24
Jumping Events
  • 22. The referee shall mark the crossbar position to ensure consistent placement of the crossbar.

False

3-10-1 - Pg 21

7-4-5 – Pg 54

jumping events25
Jumping Events
  • 23. Warming up is not permitted in any jumping venue unless supervised by the contestant’s coach or an official, and, in the pole vault, poles have been inspected and approved.

True

7-2-9 – Pg 52

jumping events26
Jumping Events
  • 24. The pushing of a pole vaulter in his/her back at the takeoff is legal only if it occurs during warm-up

False

7-2-10 – Pg 52

4-5-8 – Pg 28

jumping events27
Jumping Events
  • 25. When there is a tie at any height in the finals of the vertical jumps and all tied competitors have the same number of unsuccessful trials at the height involved, the competitor with the fewest total number of unsuccessful trials throughout the competition shall be awarded the higher place.

True

7-3-2b – Pg 53

7-4-17b – Pg 56

jumping events28
Jumping Events
  • 26. In the pole vault, it is a foul when the vaulter leaves the ground in an attempt but does not touch the ground or the landing system beyond the vertical plane of the top of the box.

True

7-5-29 – Pg 61

long and triple jumps
Long and Triple Jumps
  • 27. In breaking ties for places in the horizontal jumps, if the distance resulting from the best performance of competitors is identical, the higher place is awarded to the tying competitor who has the best average of his/her top three jumps.

False (2nd best jump)

7-6-17 – Pg 65

long and triple jumps30
Long and Triple Jumps
  • 28. When approved by the games committee, a competitor may place one or two markers alongside the runway to assist in the run-up and take-off for the long jump and triple jump.

True

3-2-4b – Pg 15

7-6-12a – Pg 64

long and triple jumps31
Long and Triple Jumps
  • 29. In the horizontal jumps, it is a foul if the competitor, in the process of landing, touches the ground outside the landing pit nearer the foul line than the nearest mark made in the landing pit.

True

7-6-13e – Pg 64

long and triple jumps32
Long and Triple Jumps
  • 30. In the triple jump, it is a foul if the competitor lands on the opposite foot in the hop phase.

True

7-6-13d – Pg 64

marking measurements and timing
Marking, Measurements and Timing
  • 31. Hand-held times shall be rounded up/down to the nearest tenth of a second and recorded.

False

(up only)

3-9-4 – Pg 20

marking measurements and timing34
Marking, Measurements and Timing
  • 32. The zero point is at the top of the back of the plant box in the pole vault.

True

7-5-13 – Pg 59

marking measurements and timing35
Marking, Measurements and Timing
  • 33. Measurements in the shot put shall be to the nearest lesser one-quarter inch or centimeter.

True

6-5-11 – Pg 48

marking measurements and timing36
Marking, Measurements and Timing
  • 34. A timing device that operates automatically at either the start or the finish, but not both, is considered fully automatic timing (FAT).

False

3-9-5 (Note) – Pg 21

meet administration
Meet Administration
  • 35. An event run entirely on a straightaway may be run in either direction.

True

5-1-4 – Pg 29

meet administration38
Meet Administration
  • 36. Restricted areas for field events are designated by the event judge.

False (Games Committee)

3-2-3b – Pg 15

3-2-4i – Pg 15

meet administration39
Meet Administration
  • 37. The 100-meter, 110 meter and 300-meter hurdle races consist of 10 hurdles.

False

(300 – 8 hurdles)

5-3-8 – Pg 33,34

meet administration40
Meet Administration
  • 38. A coach has 30 minutes after the meet to file a protest regarding misapplication of the rules with the meet director.

False

(after announcement of meet results / Jury of Appeals)

2-3-3 – Pg 14

3-5-3a – Pg 18

meet administration41
Meet Administration
  • 39. In high school races, the field can be charged with a false start.

False

5-7-4c – Pg 37

pole vault
Pole Vault
  • 40. In the pole vault, hard or unyielding surfaces such as, but not limited to, concrete, metal, wood, or asphalt around the landing pad, between the planting box and the landing system, shall be padded or cushioned with a maximum of 2 inches of dense foam or other suitable material(s).

False

(minimum)

7-5-9 – Pg 59

pole vault43
Pole Vault
  • 41. Prior to competition, the athletic trainer must verify that all of a school’s pole vaulters meet the requirements pertaining to the vaulters weight and pole rating, pole rating on the pole and maximum top hand-hold position.

False

(coach)

7-5-3 – Pg 56, 57

pole vault44
Pole Vault
  • 42. It is not considered a foul if the competitor aborts the approach and in stopping plants the pole and his/her momentum causes his/her feet to leave the ground.

True

7-5-29-b – Pg 61 (exception)

pole vault45
Pole Vault
  • 43. The maximum top-handhold position of the vaulter is determined by the manufacturer.

True

7-5-3 – Pg 56

qualification and disqualification
Qualification and Disqualification
  • 44. An American flag, not exceeding 4 x 6 inches, may be placed on the competitors uniform top or bottom.

False (2 X 3 inches)

4-3-1c (6) – Pg 25

qualification and disqualification47
Qualification and Disqualification
  • 45. Removing any part of the uniform, except shoes, in the area of competition as defined by the games committee is illegal.

True

4-3-4 – Pg 26

qualification and disqualification48
Qualification and Disqualification
  • 46. A competitor in track and field is disqualified from the meet if he/she is wearing a uniform with more than one visible manufacturer’s logo on an item while competing.

False (from the event)

4-3-1b(4) – Pg 25

4-3-1c(5) – Pg 25

4-4-3 (Penalty)

qualification and disqualification49
Qualification and Disqualification
  • 47. A teammate within the same section of the 1600-meter run repeatedly speeds up, then drops back to assist a teammate to keep up a pace. The referee may disqualify both competitors from the event for pacing.

True

(not in race)

4-5-8b – Pg 28

qualification and disqualification50
Qualification and Disqualification
  • 48. A competitor who fails to comply with the starter’s commands, will be charged with a false start which would disqualify the competitor from the event.

True

5-7-4a – Pg 37

qualification and disqualification51
Qualification and Disqualification
  • 49. After passing the baton the relieved runner jogs straight ahead. An opponent makes contact with the relieved runner. The team of the relieved runner shall be disqualified.

False

5-9-8 – Pg 39

records and special events
Records and Special Events
  • 50. The second day of a girl’s heptathlon competition shall begin with the long jump.

True

8-1-3 – Pg 65

records and special events53
Records and Special Events
  • 51. When the event (s) of the decathlon, pentathlon, and/or heptathlon is conducted, the IAAF point scoring chart shall be used for event scoring purposes unless determined otherwise by the state association.

True

8-1(note) – Pg 65

records and special events54
Records and Special Events
  • 52. In the long jump and triple jump, when an anemometer (wind gauge) is used, it shall be placed beside the runway 20 meters from the foul line.

True

10-2-2 – Pg 73

records and special events55
Records and Special Events
  • 53. In vertical jumps, a competitor shall be credited with his/her best performance, including if it occurs in a jump-off for first place.

True

10-3-2 – Pg 73

7-4-17(d)-2-3 – Pg 56

7-5-30(d)-2-3 – Pg 62

relays
Relays
  • 54. In relays of 800 meters or longer that are not run in lanes, the clerk of the course determines the method of baton exchange at each station.

False (Games Committee)

3-2-3i – Pg 15

5-9-11 – Pg 39

relays57
Relays
  • 55. When an acceleration zone is permitted, competitors who are the outgoing runners may receive the baton entirely within the limits of the acceleration and exchange zones.

False

(w/in exchange zones)

5-9-9 – Pg 39

relays58
Relays
  • 56. In relays of 800 meters or longer that are not run in lanes, the responsibility is on the exchange judge to place the outgoing runner in a position that corresponds to that of the incoming runner.

False

(outgoing competitor)

5-9-11 – Pg 39

relays59
Relays
  • 57. If the baton is dropped in the exchange zone, in a legitimate attempt to hand it, only the competitor who dropped the baton, may retrieve it.

False

(either may retrieve)

5-9-7 – Pg 39

running infractions
Running Infractions
  • 58. Competitors who inadvertently run out of their lanes on the straightaway, taking three or more steps on the lane line to either his/her left or right, will be disqualified.

False

(providing no interference)

5-11-1a – Pg 40

running infractions61
Running Infractions
  • 59. If a competitor throws the baton following the finish of the race, the team receives a warning.

False

(DQ)

5-10-2 – Pg 39

running infractions62
Running Infractions
  • 60. To avoid getting boxed in and improve his/her position, the runner from Team A moves to the inside of the track by passing a runner and then crosses back in front of the field without interfering with another runner’s stride. Runner A is disqualified for passing on the inside of the track.

False

5-12-2 – Pg 40

running infractions63
Running Infractions
  • 61. A hurdler will be disqualified for running around a hurdle.

True

5-13-2e – Pg 41

running infractions64
Running Infractions
  • 62. A competitor who knocks down any hurdle is disqualified from the event.

False

(must be deliberate)

5-13-2b – Pg 41

scoring and ties
Scoring and Ties
  • 63. When using manual timing in order to break a tie, the time recorded to 1/100th of a second shall be used.

False

3-9-4 – Pg 20

scoring and ties66
Scoring and Ties
  • 64. If there is a tie by any number of competitors for any scoring places, the points for tied places shall be added together and divided by the number of competitors who are involved in the tie.

True

2-2-4 – Pg 13

7-3-4 – Pg 53

scoring and ties67
Scoring and Ties
  • 65. In a quadrangular meet, the number of places to score in each event, unless otherwise announced by the games committee, shall be three.

True

2-1-2 – Pg 13

scoring and ties68
Scoring and Ties
  • 66. If a dual meet, the scoring for individual events is 5-3-1.

True

2-1-2 – Pg 13

event start and conclusion
Event Start and Conclusion
  • 67. Clerical or team scoring errors may be corrected up to 36 hours after the conclusion of the event

False

(48 hours after meet)

2-3-1 – Pg 13

event start and conclusion70
Event Start and Conclusion
  • 68. It is a starting violation when a competitor is taking too much time to remove warm-ups, slowly getting on the track, slowly getting into his/her “on your marks” position and causing a starting delay.

True

5-7-4a – Pg 37

5-7-4e – Pg 37

event start and conclusion71
Event Start and Conclusion
  • 69. A race shall be recalled within the first 100 meters if a competitor slips and falls.

False

(no contact mentioned)

5-7-6 – Pg 37

clerk of the course
Clerk of the Course
  • 70. The clerk of the course is in charge of recording the name and number of each competitor, assigning competitors to heats and lanes, giving race instructions and checking for legal uniforms.

True

3-7-1 & 2 – Pg 18,19

clerk of the course73
Clerk of the Course
  • 71. The clerk of the course has sole authority to make adjustments in heat and lane assignments.

False

(approval of referee)

3-7-3 – Pg 19

clerk of the course74
Clerk of the Course
  • 72. The assistant starter has the sole responsibility to announce the lane assignments and hold each competitor responsible for reporting to the starting line.

False

(also clerk of the course)

3-7-2 – Pg 19

clerk of the course75
Clerk of the Course
  • 73. A running event or heat begins when the contestants report to the clerk of the course.

False

(starting line)

4-6-1 – Pg 28

the referee
The Referee
  • 74. The referee’s authority concludes immediately after the last event has concluded.

False

(30 min after last event)

3-4-2 – Pg 17

the referee77
The Referee
  • 75. The referee may not disqualify a competitor who commits an infraction personally observed by the referee.

False

3-4-6 – Pg 17

the referee78
The Referee
  • 76. When a competitor is disqualified, the referee shall notify – or cause to be notified – the competitor or competitor’s coach of the disqualification.

True

3-4-5 – Pg 17

the referee79
The Referee
  • 77. The referee is always a member of the jury of appeals.

False

3-2-4(l) – Pg 16

the starter
The Starter
  • 78. In cross country when conditions dictate, the starter may use whistle/flag commands along with the starting device.

True

9-4-4b – Pg 69

the starter81
The Starter
  • 79. The referee is responsible for avoiding unnecessary delay in the continuance of track events.

False

(starter)

3-6-1 – Pg 18

the starter82
The Starter
  • 80. A coach’s first level of appeal is to the jury of appeals.

False

(referee)

3-5-2 – Pg 17

the starter83
The Starter
  • 81. During distance races, the assistant starter should take a position on the first turn.

True

3-6-3 – Pg 18

throwing events
Throwing Events
  • 82. In the throws or horizontal jumps, the finals are competed in reverse order of performance

True

6-2-5 – Pg 42

throwing events85
Throwing Events
  • 83. Warming-up in throwing events shall be permitted at any time prior to the competition.

False

6-2-12 – Pg 42

throwing events86
Throwing Events
  • 84. In the 34.92-degree throwing sector, the inner edges of the sector lines are within the sector.

False

6-5-5 – Pg 47

(Should be true – any part of the line is ‘out’)

throwing events87
Throwing Events
  • 85. Competitors in the throwing events may enter and exit the circle without fouling if done before the start of the attempt.

True

6-4-9(c) – Pg 45

6-5-9(c) – Pg 47

throwing events88
Throwing Events
  • 86. During the shot put, A1 is disqualified for unsporting conduct and all previously recorded throws are thrown out.

True

4-5-1 – Pg 27

track and field equipment
Track and Field Equipment
  • 87. In the javelin throw, the runway should have a minimum length of 120 feet (36.5 meters) and should be marked by 2 parallel lines, 13 feet, 1 ½ inches (4 meters) apart, and terminated by a foul-line arc with a radius of 26 feet, 3 inches (8 meters).

True

6-6-3 – Pg 49

track and field equipment90
Track and Field Equipment
  • 88. The landing pad that is preferred for the high jump has two attached sections with a common cover.

False

7-4-3 – Pg 54

track and field equipment91
Track and Field Equipment
  • 89. It is the responsibility of the NFHS to perform scientific tests on any specific items of equipment to determine if the equipment poses undue risks to student- athletes, officials or spectators.

False

(manufacturers responsibility)

5-4 (note) – Pg 34

track and field equipment92
Track and Field Equipment
  • 90. The number to qualify for a final race, the number of heats to choose the qualifiers, and the number of sessions required for preliminary and semifinal heats, shall be determined by the hosting school.

False

(games committee)

3-2-2 – Pg 15

track and field equipment93
Track and Field Equipment
  • 91. Starting blocks on a curve can be positioned on but not over the outside lane line.

True

5-2-4 – Pg 29

5-7-4d – Pg 37

track officials
Track Officials
  • 92. When a FAT system is used, the games committee may reduce or eliminate the use of timers at the finish line.

True

(Judges)

3-9-7 – Pg 20

track officials95
Track Officials
  • 93. An umpire on a turn near the finish line should move toward the finish line as the race is ending to watch for infractions.

True

3-11-3 – Pg 22

track officials96
Track Officials
  • 94. The starting command for individual races or opening relay legs of 800 meters or more outdoors or 600 meters or more indoors is, “On your marks.”

True

5-7-3 – Pg 37

track officials97
Track Officials
  • 95. Marshals have the responsibility to keep competition areas free from all persons except officials, contestants and others authorized by the games committee.

True

3-12 – Pg 22

uniforms
Uniforms
  • 96. It is a legal garment when a competitor is wearing under his/her uniform top, a turtle-neck shirt of a single, solid color with the school insignia on the collar, which complies with the logo dimension requirements.

True

4-3-1(d)1 – Pg 26

9-6-1b(8) – Pg 71

uniforms99
Uniforms
  • 97. A relay team reports to the clerk of the course for the 4 x 400 with three team members wearing all-black, one-piece body suits and the fourth member wearing a black top and black shorts. The relay team is wearing legal uniforms.

True

4-3-2a – Pg 26

uniforms100
Uniforms
  • 98. Headwear is legal unless the games committee determines otherwise and notifies the coaches and officials prior to the start of the meet.

True

3-2-4(o) – Pg 16

uniforms101
Uniforms
  • 99. A watch, worn around the wrist is not considered jewelry in cross country or track and field.

True

4-3-3 (c)– Pg 26

9-6-7 (c) – Pg 72

(False in NJ)

uniforms102
Uniforms
  • 100. A competitor’s uniform may include all of the following: school identification, competitor name, a single manufacturer’s logo, an American flag and a commemorative or memorial patch, if all the above comply with the dimension requirements.

True

4-3-1 – Pg 25,26

9-6-1 – Pg 71

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