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Trombektomi vid akut ischemisk stroke. Kunskapsläget 2014 SBU-Rapport 2013 06. Endovaskulär behandling vid akut ischemisk stroke. Intraarteriell trombolys ( < 4,5 h) Trombektomi ( < 6 h) Första generationen (MERCI, PENUMBRA) Andra generationen (SOLITAIRE, TREVO). SoS / ESO.

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trombektomi vid akut ischemisk stroke

Trombektomi vid akut ischemisk stroke

Kunskapsläget 2014

SBU-Rapport 2013 06

endovaskul r behandling vid akut ischemisk stroke
Endovaskulär behandling vid akut ischemisk stroke
  • Intraarteriell trombolys (< 4,5 h)
  • Trombektomi (< 6 h)
  • Första generationen (MERCI, PENUMBRA)
  • Andra generationen (SOLITAIRE, TREVO)
sos eso
SoS / ESO
  • SoS 2008
    • FoU
  • ESO 2013 (proposed)
    • Mechanical thrombectomy achieves higher recanalization rates compared to historical controls with or without intravenous rt-PA. Reported recanalization rates vary between studies (Grade B, Level 2).
    • In general, the odds for favourable outcome are significantly increased with early vessel recanalization. If indicated, then mechanical thrombectomy should be performed as soon as possible after its indication (Grade B, Level 2).
    • The Merci, Penumbra System, Solitaire FR, and Trevothrombectomy devices can be useful in achieving recanalization alone or in combination with pharmacological fibrinolysis in carefully selected patients (Class IIa; Level of Evidence B).
aha asa 2013
AHA / ASA 2013
    • The Merci, Penumbra System, Solitaire FR, and Trevothrombectomy devices can be useful in achieving recanalization alone or in combination with pharmacological fibrinolysis in carefully selected patients (Class IIa; Level of Evidence B).
  • Intra-arterial fibrinolysis or mechanical thrombectomy is reasonable in patients who have contraindications to the use of intravenous fibrinolysis (Class IIa; Level of Evidence C).
  • Rescue intra-arterialfibrinolysis or mechanicalthrombectomymay be reasonable approaches to recanalization in patients with large-artery occlusion who have not responded to intravenous fibrinolysis. Additional randomized trial data are needed (Class IIb; Level of Evidence B).
sbu rapport oktober 2013
SBU-rapport oktober 2013
  • Kommenterar 3 studier som publicerats under 2013
    • SYNTHESIS
    • IMS-3
    • MR Rescue
  • Sammanfattningsvis förändrar inte dessa studier evidensläget.
    • Negativa resultat
    • Utvärderar endast äldre metoder
lokala riktlinjer 2012
Lokala riktlinjer 2012
  • Screena alla strokepatienter < 80 år med NIHSS >=10
  • Vid ocklusioner på CT-angiografi tas kontakt med Lund för diskussion.
    • Rescuebehandling vid hotande utbredd stroke där intravenös behandling befaras otillräcklig
    • Primärbehandling vid kontraindikation mot intravenös trombolys
genomf rda behandlingar i kronoberg
Genomförda behandlingar i Kronoberg

Därutöver ett mindre antal som transporterats till Lund men där behandling ej blivit genomförd.

praktiska f ruts ttningar
Praktiska förutsättningar
  • Ej tillgängligt på CLV / LL
  • Begränsad tillgänglighet i Lund
    • Tidigare fyra operatörer – nu en.
    • Måndag till fredag 8-20, helger 8-18
  • Linköping
  • Göteborg
  • Köpenhamn