210 likes | 340 Views
Managed Care Long Term Services and Supports for People with Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities (DD) Tamar Heller, PhD Chicago Forum for Justice in Health Policy: People with DD and Managed CAre October 30, 2014.
E N D
Managed Care Long Term Services and Supports for People with Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities (DD)Tamar Heller, PhDChicago Forum for Justice in Health Policy: People with DD and Managed CAreOctober 30, 2014 Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Developmental Disabilities and Health Department of Disability and Human Development University of Illinois at Chicago http://www.rrtcadd.org/
Demographic and Policy Context for People with DD and their Families • Longevity revolution • Rebalancing from institutions to group homes and to supported living • Increase in family support • Increase in consumer direction • Broader changes in state DD service systems toward managed care
Projected Population with I/DD *Based on a prevalence rate of 6 per 1,000 **Based on a prevalence rate of 14.9 per 1,000 Sources: Larson, S. et al (2001) Prevalence of MR/DD from the 1994/1995 NHIS Disability Supplements, AJMR (106), 231-252. U.S. Bureau of the Census, The Older Population: 2010 (#C2010 BR-09) U.S. Bureau of the Census, Interim Population Projections: 2000 – 2030, Table 4.
ESTIMATED NUMBER OF IDD CAREGIVING FAMILIES COMPARED TO FAMILIES SUPPORTED BY STATE IDD AGENCY FUNDS: 2011 Source; Braddock et al, Coleman Institute and Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado, 2012.
Emerging Challenges: Demographics Where People Live: US, 2011 Source: Braddock, Hemp, & Rizzolo, 2012
Trends in Policies Shrinking of federal/state DD budgets Great Recession (starting 2007) resulted in largest spending drops in 35 years Weak recovery, 2013 budget lower (Braddock et al., 2012) Increasing residential waiting lists Estimate of 115,059 (Larson et al., 2012) Greater use of supported and family living Of 612,704 in out of home residential settings, 45% in 6 or fewer supported living Family support funding increased every year, but decreased .03% 2009-2011 (Braddock et al, 2012)
Reasons Given for Managed Care • Under fee-for-service, poor communication and coordination leads to reduced quality of care unnecessary costs • Managed care can: • Coordinate health care and LTSS • Control costs • Rebalancing • Financial incentives for Managed Care Organizations
Managed Care and Disability • Most states include children, pregnant women and adults without disabilities in Medicaid Managed Care • Slow to include people with disabilities (10% of managed care enrollees) • Resistance from disability service providers • Resistance from advocates • Health plans not familiar with complex needs of people with disabilities • Difficult to set rates and assess risks
Integrated Care Program (ICP) Evaluation in Illinois: IDD Findings (FY11 To FY13) • Lower ER use in ICP • No overall difference in health care appraisal in ICP • Lower health care appraisal for those with physical disability-could be due to not being able to see the same doctor • More unmet needs for racial ethnic minorities, physical and/or mental health disabilities • PCPs less likely to take wishes of people with mental health disabilities into account
Role of Families in MLTSS • Engagement in stakeholder meetings • Supported decision-making for adult with I/DD if needed • Advocating for services and supports • Serving as personal support worker • Planning for the future
Principles for MLTSS (National Council on Disabilities, 2013) • Community Living • Personal Control • Employment • Support for Family Caregivers • Stakeholder Involvement • Cross-Disability, Lifespan Focus • Readiness Assessment and Phase-in Schedule • Provider Networks • Transitioning to Community-based Services • Competency and Expertise • Operational Responsibility and Oversight • Capitated Payment Systems • Continuous Innovation • Maintenance of Effort and Reinvesting Savings • Coordination of Services and Supports • Assistive Technology and Durable Medical Equipment • Quality Management • Civil Rights Compliance • Continuity of Care • Due Process • Grievances and Appeals
Recommendations for MLTSS • Community Living • Institutional and community based in same plan • Savings used to expand access to HCB supports • Personal Control • Person-centered practices, choice, and self-direction • Resource Allocation Decision Method, to determine effective means of providing LTSS (WI) • Tools and strategies to ensure person-centered and outcome-oriented planning approaches • Overly restrictive rules about nursing restrict choices • Training in managing personal support workers (e.g., Find, Choose, Keep DSPs)
Recommendations for MLTSS • Support for Family Caregivers • Assistance to effectively support and advocate on behalf of people with I/DD • Allowed payment to family members • High parental satisfaction and well-being when sibling was support worker (Heller et al., 2012) • Stakeholder Involvement • Disability advocates fully engaged in designing, implementing, and monitoring MLTSS outcomes • Disability Advocates Advancing Our Health Care Rights collaborated with state Medicaid agency (MA)
Recommendations for MLTSS • Coordination of Services and Supports • Health services coordinated with LTSS • Service coordinators independent of the MCO—keep existing care coordinators • Assistive Technology and Durable Medical Equipment • Access to durable medical equipment and assistive technology
Recommendations for MLTSS • Continuity of Care • Phase in schedule with a readiness assessment • Provider continuity; switching care plans if want • Research and Evaluation • Research on best practices in LTTS • Better health and LTSS outcome measurements • Education and Outreach • Education and outreach campaign to families, people with IDD and providers • Training and education to MCOs on person centered, self-directed planning
Contact us The contents of this presentation were developed under grants from the Department of Education, NIDRR grant numbers H133B130007 and H133B130034. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Tamar Heller firstname.lastname@example.org www.RRTCDD.org