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Using Coalitions to Foster Jail Diversion . Presented by NAMI Maine Carol Carothers and Karen Lenzen. Outline. How did NAMI Maine develop successful diversion coalitions How did we blend CIT into those efforts Raising money The Sequential Intercept Model. Precipitating events.

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using coalitions to foster jail diversion

Using Coalitions to Foster Jail Diversion

Presented by NAMI Maine

Carol Carothers and Karen Lenzen

outline
Outline
  • How did NAMI Maine develop successful diversion coalitions
  • How did we blend CIT into those efforts
  • Raising money
  • The Sequential Intercept Model
precipitating events
Precipitating events
  • 2/2000 – James Thomas, “A teens last trip to prison”
  • Ken Moore – Maine Times article
step one research
Step One:Research
  • National
    • Up the River, Travels in a Prison Nation
    • New Jack
    • Crazy
    • online
  • State – press clippings
  • Meet with Sheriffs Association
  • Local – jail survey
step two awareness
Step Two: Awareness
  • Generate press
    • Op Eds
    • Press calls – pitch stories
    • Release report
  • Collect names of callers
step three planning
Step Three: Planning
  • What is needed?
  • Who can help decide what is needed: list of partners that will be needed
  • Issue invitation to join coalition.
nami maine s coalitions
2000 to 2003 – The Coalition on Mental Illness, Substance Abuse and Criminal Justice.

Mission and members

Statewide

Drafted omnibus legislation

Members review

Hired lobbyist

Followed first legislation and subsequent study

Mission accomplished - disbanded

NAMI MAINE’S COALITIONS
cumberland county coalition
Cumberland County Coalition
  • 2001- Present
  • Existing Coalition
  • CIT grant
  • DOT grant
penobscot county coalition
Penobscot County Coalition
  • 2003 - Present
  • Sheriff call for help
  • NIMH grant
  • Penquis CAP grant
sequential intercept model
Sequential Intercept Model
  • Model for organizing discussion of diversion and linkage alternatives and for systematically addressing criminalization
  • Based on public health principles
  • Developed in Ohio and adopted by GAINS Center
  • Where to intervene; at what “intercept”.
intercepts
Intercepts
  • One: Law enforcement and emergency services
  • Two: Initial Hearings and Detention
  • Three: Jails and Courts
  • Four: Reentry from jails, prisons, hospitals
  • Five: Community corrections and Community support
slide13

PR Bail, Release, Court ordered eval., Family

VOA bail contract

Bail conditions-V0A

Community

ACT

ICI

CSW

ICM

Therapy.

Residential

S.A. OP

S.A. IOP

½ way house

Probation

Peer Support

Bed gatekeeper - DHHS

Boundary spanner

Cite- Release

Community Corrections

Law Enforcement

Court Disposition

1st Court Visit

Arrest

Detention

Jail

CIT Response

Crisis Assessment

Crisis Assessment

DHHS ICM linkage

Enhanced Drug Court

Jail Screening;

In-jail treatment – Peer supports

MH Ride-along

Relink to MH Services, family., friend

VOA – bail contract

ER; Hospitalization; 72 Hr. Bed.; Detox; Rapid Response

Discharge Planning; Pre-release services

ER or Crisis Bed

Hospital

Substance abuse treatment mandate

DOC re-entry worker

Intercept 1 – Law Enforcement/Crisis

Intercept 2 – Booking; Initial

Appearance

Intercept 5 - Community

Intercept 3 – Jails, Courts

Intercept 4 – Re-entry

PENOBSCOT SEQUENTIAL INTERCEPT MAP: REVISED MARCH 2007

penobscot accomplishments
Penobscot Accomplishments
  • Creation of first boundary spanner positions – with no new funding
  • Pilot project developed – data tracked
  • Peer support grant obtained
  • CIT – jail and police force
kennebec coalition
Kennebec Coalition
  • Call to Chief Justice
  • Conversion Foundation grant
  • Road blocks
  • Coalition building
  • Co-occurring Court
  • US DOJ grant
  • Steering Committee
  • Summitt
joint action plan
Joint Action Plan
  • Legislative requirement
  • Penobscot is the model
  • Statewide steering committee
androscoggin coalition
Androscoggin Coalition
  • 2006-Present
  • SIM as guide
  • Penobscot as model
cit in maine

CIT IN MAINE

CIT COALITIONS

history
History
  • 2000 first grants
  • 2001 Portland – 8 officers
  • 2002-2004 – Add sites; grant writing
  • 2004 – 2 Jail based CIT grants
  • 2005-2007 – Expansion grant with research
  • 2007 – obtained state funding
cit process
CIT process
  • Organize local collaboration
  • “Sell” CIT
  • CIT as first collaboration or part of existing collaboration
  • CIT expansion
  • CIT marketing
expansion grant
Expansion Grant
  • Ten funders
  • LIFP experience
  • Add 8 jails, 6 communities over two years
  • Research replicability
  • Data collection difficulties
  • Steering Committee for sustainability
  • Newsletter
  • Database of all CIT officers
cit lessons learned
CIT Lessons learned
  • Leadership is everything
  • Maintenance needed
  • Officer Fatigue
looking ahead
Looking Ahead
  • Portland’s sustainability plan?
  • To Stipend or Not to Stipend
  • Awards and other recognition
  • CIT is THE backbone
funding
Funding
  • Local funders
  • Conversion foundations
  • Byrne Grants
  • Federal grants (Samhsa, USDOJ)
  • State government buy in
  • Legislation
lessons learned
LESSONS LEARNED
  • Coalitions can change the world if the right people are at the table
  • Planning keeps coalitions alive
  • Without strong leadership coalitions don’t continue
  • Visible accomplishments keep things going.
  • Thank god for SIM
lessons learned27
Lessons learned
  • You can do a lot without new money.
  • Coalitions may have a natural life and then end when their work is done.
  • Coalitions require strong leadership and maintenance
  • Planning and vision are important
  • When stuck, SIM
when you need funding
When you need funding
  • Government list serve for grant announcements.
  • Gains Center
  • Local funders (Maine Philanthropy Center and grant makers directory)
  • Foundation Center Directory
  • NAMI opportunity grants
  • Pharma
maine funding
Maine funding
  • DOT – Samhsa
  • Co-occurring Court – U.S. DOJ
  • Penobscot County – NIMH
  • CIT: 6 local foundations, Eli Lilly, Bristol Meyers Squibb. State government
two year agenda
TWO YEAR AGENDA
  • Sustainability (legislation)
  • Maintenance
  • Individual officer recognition
  • Individual program recognition
  • Data collection
  • Release of research re: CIT in jail
  • Certification
things we did without funding
Things we did without funding
  • Established coalitions
  • SIM for counties
  • OP Eds, Jail surveys, reports in 2000, 2002, 2007
  • Started a co-occurring court
  • Mucho press – considerable awareness
  • Changed the agenda for the state