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Draft Proposal of CDRI Research Programme on. Democratic Governance and Public Sector Reform 2007-2010. Rationales for a New Programme. CDRI Strategic Plan 2006-2010 PORDEC Achievements Democratic Governance & Public Sector Reform 3-5 years extended on PORDEC Work The Research Team.

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draft proposal of cdri research programme on

Draft Proposal of CDRI Research Programme on

Democratic Governance and Public Sector Reform 2007-2010

rationales for a new programme
Rationales for a New Programme
  • CDRI Strategic Plan 2006-2010
  • PORDEC Achievements
  • Democratic Governance & Public Sector Reform 3-5 years extended on PORDEC Work
  • The Research Team
objectives of today discussion
Objectives of Today Discussion
  • To share CDRI Research Proposal on Democratic Governance and Public Sector Reform for 2007-2010
  • To solicit feedback on the proposed research framework, capacity building and policy outreach strategy
democratic governance in cambodia after 15 years
Democratic Governance in Cambodia after 15 years
  • Institutional Reforms
    • Centralised and decentralised programmes
    • New Public Management run into local institution realities
    • Increasing institutionalisation of patronage = neo-patrimonialim
  • Democratic Transition
    • Institutionalisation of election
    • Responsiveness of State and assertiveness of society
democratic governance in cambodia after 15 years cont
Democratic Governance in Cambodia after 15 years (Cont)
  • The outcomes: “State is poorly integrated and detached from society”
  • This is the condition known as

“hybridity”

hybridity and the international literature
Hybridity and the International Literature
  • What is hybridity?
  • Why is it useful?
    • Because it recognises:
      • Formal and informal systems
      • Rational liberal and cultural specific practices
      • Democratic and non-democratic processes
      • Political and technical issues
    • And it explains the mutually entanglement of the two
a new research agenda
A New Research Agenda
  • NOT what succeeds and what fails
  • BUT what works, and
  • What types of actors can make such a system work?
  • What types of actors are excluded from the system?
three sub themes of the framework
Three Sub-Themes of the Framework
  • Institutional Development (D&D)
    • Organic Law
    • D&D Implementation
    • Capacity to generate outcomes in terms of:
        • State as a rule-enforcer
        • State as a resource distributor
        • State as a guardian of public goods
three sub themes of the framework cont
Three Sub-Themes of the Framework (Cont)
  • State-society relations and intermediaries
    • What is filling the state-society gaps (NGOs, Kse, political parties, private sectors)?
    • Who are the winners and losers of these arrangements?
three sub themes of the framework cont1
Three Sub-Themes of the Framework (Cont)
  • Civic Engagement
    • Why cannot the Cambodian public demand better service?
    • Is the problem structural or cultural?
research objectives
Research Objectives
  • To better understand how institutional reform processes affect and/or relate to democratic development through the analysis existing and on-going findings on of development of formal institutions together with new work on informal organisations, political culture, and structural/demographic change in Cambodia;
research objectives cont
Research Objectives (Cont)
  • To build capacity of the emerging generation of Cambodian public administration and political science specialists and researchers;
  • To produce a dynamic model of Cambodian governance and policy making that captures the importance of informal, invisible and intangible variables;
research objectives cont1
Research Objectives (Cont)
  • To use this model to develop and disseminate policy-relevant findings concerning governance issues that are crucial to the deepening of democracy in Cambodia.
specific studies 1 institutional development
Specific Studies1. Institutional Development
  • Organic Law Analysis
  • Implementing the D&D reforms: Process, Issues, Accountabilities, and New Roles for the Province and District
  • Political Economy of Sectoral D&D
specific studies 1 institutional development1
Specific Studies1. Institutional Development
  • Supporting the public good and the investment environment through building regulatory and horizontal coordination capacity at sub-national level
  • Fiscal Decentralisation, Public Financial Management and Neo-Patrimonialism
  • Neo-Patrimonialism From Below: A Study Of Cambodian Grassroots Political Culture
specific studies 2 state society relations and intermediaries
Specific Studies2. State-Society Relations and Intermediaries
  • Consequences of the Electoral System: The Concept of Opposition in Cambodian Political Culture
  • Responsiveness in Democratic Governance
specific studies 2 state society relations and intermediaries1
Specific Studies2. State-Society Relations and Intermediaries
  • Structural Change and the Cambodian ’Bourgeoisie’ (How will local elites be invited in the building of a local democratic state
  • Enhanced mechanisms of participation to deepen democratic development in Cambodia
specific studies 3 civic engagement
Specific Studies3. Civic Engagement
  • Images of Cambodian Citizenship (self-images among neglected sub-groups such as youth, women, ethnic groups, and local economic elites etc.)
  • A Cambodian Social Contract?
specific studies 3 civic engagement1
Specific Studies3. Civic Engagement
  • Leadership and Local Representation (Why do councillors and others engage in local politics? Who are the leaders? )
specific studies for 4 cross cutting themes
Specific Studies for 4. Cross-Cutting Themes
  • To what extent are the process of decentralisation and deconcentration gendered?
  • Community forestry management and local governance
specific studies for 4 cross cutting themes1
Specific Studies for 4. Cross-Cutting Themes
  • Impact and interaction between trade reform and public finance reform
  • Governing water resource management in the irrigation sector
design of the programme
Design of the Programme

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3___Year 4

  • ID WP1-1 WP1-2
  • S-S WP2-1 WP2-2
  • Civic Engt WP3-1 WP-3-2
  • Cross-cutting Studies -----------------------------

Monograph

design of the programme con t
Design of the Programme (con’t)
  • Five researchers focus on six studies over the first three years of the proposed program, collectively producing 6 Working Papers (WPs) in 3-4 years time (as well as work on cross-cutting studies).
design of the programme con t1
Design of the Programme (con’t)
  • All WPs are expected feed into (chapters) of a joint edited volume for a Monograph.
  • Each WP serves as the base from which study findings can be expanded into other publication formats, such as short policy briefs, ADR articles, conference papers, or journal publications.
operationali s ing the research
Operationalising the Research
  • Main objective is for researchers to own the research agenda and process. Internal and external TAs support researchers as needed.
  • Researchers conceptualize and drive research questions
operationali s ing the research cont
Operationalising the Research (Cont)
  • Researchers formulate fieldwork techniques, analyze data, disseminate findings, recommend policy interventions
operationali s ing the research cont1
Operationalising the Research (Cont)
  • Issues, not theories drive the research
  • In-house peer review followed by external TA review
  • Lead authorship and writing responsibility
capacity building
Capacity Building
  • Research Advisory Team (RAT) (4-5 professors) to support each WP
    • Conceptualising, analysing, and editing especially of the monograph
  • Co-author with RAT for international publications
capacity building cont
Capacity Building (Cont)
  • Mini-courses, international conferences and workshops, several master +++ courses
  • 1 Master and 1 PhD included in the budget
capacity building cont1
Capacity Building (Cont)
  • Only 50% of the team’s time committed to allow space for unplanned commission studies
  • Spend more time on reading, mentoring, and group discussions
  • Peer review, ethical review of research
  • Research manuals
policy outreach
Policy Outreach
  • Our primary audience: Cambodian policy makers
  • Provide more timely, accessible and diversified research products (I.e. length, content, style, more prohok, less cheese) for our audience, especially Cambodian.
policy outreach cont
Policy Outreach (Cont)
  • Reflect RGC’s reform priorities
  • Enhance policy dialogues between Cambodian government with civil society and donors
  • Short, action-oriented policy briefs
thank you

Thank You

Discussion Session