Climate and Weather. Climates and Seasons. The different climates and seasons we have on Earth are decided mainly by… where our planet lies and how our planet moves around the Sun. Our location in the Solar System. Our Earth is the third planet from the Sun.
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The different climates and seasons we have on Earth are decided mainly by…
where our planet lies and how our
planet moves around the Sun.
Our Earth is the third planet from the Sun.
Located approximately 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from the Sun, our Earth is in an ideal position.
one time every 24 hours.
a. Water vapor
b. Carbon dioxide
f. Other gases
Mercury barometerAneroid barometer
# MPH Description
0. < 1 Calm - Calm; Smoke rises vertically.
1. 1-3 Light - Air Direction of wind shown by smoke drift not by wind
2. 4-7 Light Breeze - Wind felt on face; Leaves rustle; Vanes moved by
3. 8-12 Gentle Breeze - Leaves and small twigs in constant motion; Wind
extends light flag.
4. 13-18 Moderate - Raises dust, loose paper; Small branches moved.
5. 19-24 Fresh - Small trees in leaf begin to sway; Crested wavelets form on
6. 25-31 Strong - Large branches in motion; Whistling heard in telegraph wires;
Umbrellas used with difficulty.
732-38 Near Gale - Whole trees in motion;
Inconvenience felt walking against the
8 39-46 Gale - Breaks twigs off trees; Impedes progress.
9 47-54 Strong Gale -Slight structural damage occurs.
10 55-63 Storm - Trees uprooted; Considerable damage
11 64-72 Violent Storm - Widespread damage.
12 73-82 Hurricane - Widespread damage.
RELATIVE HUMIDITY TABLE
(SHOWN IN %)
When water vapor condenses on dust particles, salt crystals or smoke, clouds form.
Cumulus – “Heap or mass”
Stratus – “Spread out or flat”
Cirrus – “Wispy or feathery”
Thin clouds at high altitudes, made of ice crystals. Often indicate falling weather within 24 – 48 hours.
Very large, anvil shaped clouds associated with thunderstorms.
Upper part of cloud is flattened out because of high winds at the top of the troposphere
Mist and drizzle are smaller in size
Sleet is precipitation that freezes before reaching the Earth and is less than 5mm in size.
Symbol used to show cold front on weather maps. Arrows show direction front is moving.
When the moon is full or new, the gravitational pull of the moon and sun are combined. At these times, the high tides are very high and the low tides are very low. This is known as a spring high tide. Spring tides are especially strong tides (they do not have anything to do with the season Spring). They occur when the Earth, the Sun, and the Moon are in a line. The gravitational forces of the Moon and the Sun both contribute to the tides. Spring tides occur during the full moon and the new moon.