Europe 2020 Strategy Cordoba, 2010 Claudio Spadon
The crisis has wiped out recent progress GDP growth:-4% in 2009, worst since the 1930s Industrial production: -20% with the crisis, back to the 1990s Unemployment levels: 23 million people 7 million more unemployed in 20 months expected to reach 10.3% in 2010 (back to 1990s level) youth unemployment over 21%
EU after the crisis • Europe’s structural weaknesses have been exposed:lower growth potential, productivity gap, high and rising unemployment, ageing, poverty • Global challenges intensify: competition from developed and emerging economies, global finance, climate change and pressure on resources
Lessons from Lisbon Strategy - Concrete results before crisis - Partnership EU & Member States - « Lisbonisation » of structural funds ... but: - Uneven progress between Member States - Key targets (R&D, employment) not reached - Lack of sharing; weak communication - Regions not sufficiently involved 4
Europe 2020: delivering reforms 3 thematic priorities 5 EU headline targets – translated into national ones 7 flagship initiatives – EU & national action Mobilising existing and new EU instruments: EU and national Budgets & new financing instruments (ex. micro-credit facility) 5
Europe 2020: 3 interlinked priorities 1.) Smart growth: developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation 2.) Sustainable growth: promoting a more efficient, greener and more competitive economy 3.) Inclusive growth: fostering a high-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion 6
Europe 2020: 5 EU headline targets (translated into national targets) By 2020: 3% investment in R&D (% of EU’s GDP) “20/20/20” climate/energy targets met 75 % employment rate (% of population aged 20-64 years) Employment actual rate 69%. < 10% early school leavers & min. 40% hold tertiary degree Drop-out actual rate 15% . 20 million less people should be at risk of poverty Europeans living below the national poverty lines should be reduced by 25%.
Europe 2020 governance Lead role for the European Council Extend partnership to regions, social partners & civil society COM and European Council monitoring 1.) Thematic - combining priorities and headline targets 2.) Country - Member States strategies to meet targets … based on international comparison Country-specific recommendations & policy warnings
Process Commission launchedwide public consultation: 1400 contributions received and analysed March 3rd 2010: Commission proposal(COM(2010)2020) Spring European Council (25.3.2010): it agreed on it main elements , including the key targets and arrangements for its improved monitoring June European Council 2010: approve detailed parameters, including the integrated guidelines and national targets Thereafter: launch of flagship initiatives & implementation 10
Europe 2020 and ROMA 2020 headline targets and ROMA • Poverty Promoting social inclusion in particular through the reduction of poverty. (Target June 2010) • Education Improving education levels in particular by aiming to reduce school drop-out rates and by increasing the share of the population having completed tertiary or equivalent education.(Target June 2010) • Work 75 % employment rate (% of population aged 20-64 years)
Europe 2020 and ROMA Inclusive Growth: Employment and skills flagship initiative « An agenda for news skills and jobs» .. To increase labour market participation ..To empower people by developing their skills
Europe 2020 and ROMA An agenda for news skills and jobs COUNCIL CONCLUSION 25 March 2010 • The European Council agreed to bring to 75% the employment rate for women and men aged 20-64, including through the greater participation of youth, older workers and low skilled workers and the better integration of legal migrants.
Europe 2020 and ROMA Inclusive Growth: Fighting poverty flagship initiative « European platform against poverty » To ensure social and territorial cohesion such that the benefits of growth and jobs are widely shared and people experiencing poverty and social exclusion are enabled to live in dignity and take an active part in society.
Europe 2020 and ROMA European platform against poverty At EU level • To transform the OMC on SISP into a platform for cooperation, and into an instrument to foster commitment by public and private players to reduce social exclusion, and take concrete action, including through targeted support from the structural funds, notably the ESF; • To design and implement programmes to promote social innovation for the most vulnerable, and to develop a new agenda for migrants' integration to enable them to take full advantage of their potential; • To undertake an assessment of the adequacy and sustainability of social protection and pension systems, to ensure better access to health care systems.
Europe 2020 and ROMA European platform against poverty At national level • To promote shared collective and individual responsibility in combating poverty and social exclusion; • To define and implement measures addressing the specific circumstances of groups at particular risk (such as one-parent families, elderly women, minorities, Roma, people with a disability and the homeless); • To fully deploy their social security and pension systems to ensure adequate income support and access to health care.
Europe 2020 and ROMA European platform against poverty COUNCIL CONCLUSION 25 March 2010 • A general commitment to reduce poverty and promote social inclusion was agreed, but there will have to be further work on specific indicators in this area (as well as education) and the European Council will come back to this in June.