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Part 7 Sand and Salt Calibration September 26, 2013. Community Innovation Challenge Grant 2013. Why did CMRSWC Address This?. Focus on chloride impairments is strong in NH, along I-93 corridor. Increased R&D into new deicing materials and methods in recent years.

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Part 7

Sand and Salt Calibration

September 26, 2013

Community Innovation Challenge Grant

2013

why did cmrswc address this
Why did CMRSWC Address This?

Focus on chloride impairments is strong in NH, along I-93 corridor.

Increased R&D into new deicing materials and methods in recent years.

Project partner Oxford, MA had developed detailed calibration procedure, reduced total chloride application and cost. Other Towns interested in learning how they did it.

objectives of the task
Objectives of the Task

Original:

Develop a “decision tree” that would use information such as traffic conditions, pending weather, ambient temperature, and material melting temp to recommend loading (lbs per lane mile)

Revised:

Captured “decision tree” information done elsewhere.

Developed “rough” loading estimate.

Documented Oxford’s detailed procedure.

rough loading estimate
“Rough” Loading Estimate
  • Input required for method:

- Total material used in year (tons and gallons)

- Total lane-miles managed

    • Number of storm days (days deicing was completed)
  • Output: estimated pounds of chloride per lane mile.

Disadvantages: doesn’t account for variation in loadings from different vehicles or differences in storm events; storm days not always known.

calibrated loading calculation
Calibrated Loading Calculation
  • Benchmarks loading from each vehicle; sum entire fleet
  • Input required for method:
    • Material weight/volume, distance traveled in one trip, and settings on each device for that vehicle.
    • Alternately: set up tarp, time device for five minutes and extrapolate.
  • Output: estimated pounds of chloride per lane mile for that vehicle.

Disadvantage: Time consuming.

Advantage: Very accurate.

calibrated loading calculation1
Calibrated Loading Calculation

Choose a target delivery rate.

Review and document settings on each application device on vehicle.

Adjust settings to reduce delivery toward target.

Test reduced delivery rate during storm event, ensure that public safety is not impacted.

Continue to recalibrate and make additional reductions on an iterative basis.

other salt application resources
Other Salt Application Resources

Minnesota “Clipboard Sheet”

other salt application resources1
Other Salt Application Resources

Cornell Application Rates