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Unit8. Cultural information. Cultural information. Cultural information 1. 1. Quote.

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Cultural information 1

Cultural information

Cultural information

Cultural information1

1. Quote

O Hare Noel (American Writer): As a modern parent, I know that it’s not how much you give children those counts, it’s the love and attention you shower on them. A caring attitude can not only save you a small fortune, but also even make you feel good about being tight-fisted and offering more care than present.


Cultural information 2 1

Cultural information

2. Father

Cultural information2.1

The father is often seen as an authority figure. A common observation among scholars is that the authority of the father and of the political leader are closely intertwined, that there is a symbolic identification between domestic authority and national political leadership. The fundamental common grounds between domestic and national authority, are the mechanisms of naming (exercise the authority in someone’s name)and identification. In a patriarchal society, authority typically uses such rhetoric of fatherhood and family to implement their rule and advocate its legitimacy.


Cultural information 2 2

Cultural information

In Western culture patriarchy and authority have been synonymous. In the 19th century Europe, the idea was common, among both traditionalist and revolutionaries, that the authority of the domestic father should “be made omnipotent in the family so that it becomes less necessary in the state”. In the second part of that century, there was an extension of the authority of the husband over his wife and the authority of the

Cultural information2.2

father over his children, including “increased demands for absolute obedience of children to the father”.


Global reading text analysis 1

Structural analysis

Main idea

Main idea

Global Reading-Text analysis1

  • What is the story narrated in the text about?

The text recollects a series of events concerning the narrator’s father, who showed profound affection for his daughter by offering her valentines on Valentine’s Day.


Global reading text analysis 2

Structural analysis

Main idea

2. Why does the writer focus her accounts and

descriptions on her first recollection of the magic

her father brought to the occasion and on the last card

and gift from him?

Global Reading-Text analysis2

Because the first and last gifts her father offered her are the most impressive and the most unforgettable ones.


Structural analysis 1

Structural analysis

Main idea

Structural analysis

Structural analysis 1

1. Work out the structure of the text by completing the table.

Paragraphs

Main idea

It gives a brief account of the narrator’s father and points out the theme of the text.

1-2

It provides a detailed account of how the father showed profound affection for his daughter on Valentine’s Day.

3-10


Structural analysis 2

Structural analysis

Main idea

Structural analysis 2

Paragraphs

Main idea

The narrator tells us how important it has been to her to have such a loving father and that she will never forget her father and his kindness to her.

11-12


Structural analysis 21

Structural analysis

Main idea

2. The author’s recounting of her Valentine’s Day memories in the second part of the text follows closely the chronological order. Try to pick out the three sentences in this part that indicate the progression of time.

Structural analysis 2

The three sentences that indicate the progression of time are:

  • My first recollection of the magic he could bring to Valentine’s Day came when I was six. (Paragraph 3)


Structural analysis 22

Structural analysis

Main idea

Structural analysis 2

2) As I grew older, the gifts gave way to heart-shaped boxes filled with my favorite chocolates and always included a special card signed “Love, Dad.” (Paragraph 5)

3) My mailbox eventually had a rural address, and the job of hand-delivering candy and cards was relegated to the U.S. Postal Service. (Paragraph 7)


Detailed reading1

Detailed reading

My Forever Valentine

Detailed reading1

The traditional holidays in our house when I was a child were spent timing elaborate meals around football games. My father tried to make pleasant chitchat and eat as much as he could during half time. At Christmas he found time to have a cup or two of holiday beer and do his holly-shaped bow tie. But he didn’t truly shine until Valentine’s Day.

1


Detailed reading2

Detailed reading

Detailed reading2

I don’t know whether it was because work at the office slowed during February or because the football season was over. But Valentine’s Day was the time my father chose to show his love for the special people in his life. Over the years I fondly thought of him as my “Valentine Man”.

2


Detailed reading3

Detailed reading

My first recollection of the magic he could bring to Valentine’s Day came when I was six. For several days I had been cutting out valentines for my classmates. Each of us was to decorate a “mailbox” and put it on our desk for others to give us cards. That box and its contents ushered in a succession of bittersweet memories of my entrance into a world of popularity contests marked by the number of cards received, the teasing about boyfriends/girlfriends and the tender care I gave to the card from the cutest boy in class.

Detailed reading3

3


Detailed reading4

Detailed reading

That morning at the breakfast table I found a card and a gift-wrapped package at my chair. The card was signed “Love, Dad,” and the gift was a ring with a small piece of red glass to represent my birthstone, a ruby. There is little difference between red glass and rubies to a child of six, and I remember wearing that ring with a pride that all the cards in the world could not surpass.

4

Detailed reading4


Detailed reading5

Detailed reading

Detailed reading5

As I grew older, the gifts gave way to heart-shaped boxes filled with my favorite chocolates and always included a special card signed “Love, Dad.” In those years my thank-yous became more of a perfunctory response. The cards seemed less important, and I took for granted the valentine that would always be there. Long past the days of having a “mailbox” on my desk, I had placed my hopes and dreams in receiving cards and gifts from “significant others,” and “Love, Dad” just didn’t seem quite enough.

5


Detailed reading6 7

Detailed reading

If my father knew then that he had been replaced,

he never let it show. If he sensed any disappointment over valentines that didn’t arrive for me, he just tried that much harder to create a positive atmosphere, giving me an extra hug and doing what he could to make my day a little brighter.

My mailbox eventually had a rural address, and the job of hand-delivering candy and cards was relegated to the U.S. Postal Service. Never in ten years was my father’s package late nor was it on the Valentine’s Day eight years ago when I reached into the mailbox to find a card addressed to me in my mother’s handwriting.

6

Detailed reading6-7

7


Detailed reading8 10

Detailed reading

It was the kind of card that comes in an inexpensive assortment box sold by a child going door to door to try to earn money for a school project. It was the kind of card you used to get from a grandmother or an aging aunt or, in this case, a dying father.

It was the kind of card that put a lump in your throat and tears in your eyes because you knew the person no longer was able to go out and buy a real valentine. It was a card that signaled this would be the last you would receive from him.

The card had a photograph of tulips on the outside, and on the inside my mother had printed “Happy Valentine’s Day.” Beneath it, scrawled in barely legible handwriting was “Love, Dad.”

8

Detailed reading8-10

9

10


Detailed reading11 12

Detailed reading

His final card remains on my bulletin board today. It’s a reminder of how special fathers can be and how important it has been to me over the years to know that I had a father who continued a tradition of love with a generosity of spirit, simple acts of understanding and an ability to express happiness over the people in his life.

Those things never die, nor does the memory of a man who never stopped being my valentine.

Detailed reading11-12

11

12


Detailed reading time1

Detailed reading

time: v.

arrange or set the time at which something happens or is to happen

Detailed reading—time1

e.g.

You timed your arrival well; we were just going to have dinner.

Collocations:

be timed to do sth.

be timed for sth.

e.g.

The train is timed to arrive at 6 o’clock.

e.g.

The next show is timed for 8 o’clock.


Detailed reading time2

Detailed reading

Comparisons:

ill-timed, well-timed, mistime

Detailed reading—time2

ill-timed:adj. happening or done at the wrong time

well-timed:adj. happening or done at the most suitable time

mistime: v. do something at the wrong time or at an unsuitable time


Detailed reading elaborate

Detailed reading

elaborate:adj.

containing a lot of small details or parts that are connected with each other in a complicated way

Detailed reading—elaborate

e.g.

She made elaborate preparations for the party.

The curtains had an elaborate pattern of flowers.

Collocation:

elaborate plan/notes/excuses,etc.

Derivations:

elaborate: v.

elaborateness: n.

Translation:

The problem is too elaborate.

这个问题太复杂了。


Detailed reading fondly

Detailed reading

  • fondly:adv.

  • in a way that shows you like someone very much

  • 2) in a foolishly hopeful manner

Detailed reading–fondly

e.g.

She greeted her old friend fondly.

e.g.

She fondly imagined that she could pass her examination without working hard.

Comparison:

lovely: adj. beautiful or attractive; friendly and pleasant

Derivations:

fond: adj.

fondness: n.


Detailed reading s the traditional holidays

Detailed reading

The traditional holidays in our house when I was a child were spent timing elaborate meals around football games. ( Paragraph 1)

Detailed reading—S_ The traditional holidays…

Explanation:

Some of the traditional holidays in the United States are Valentine’s Day (February 14); St. Patrick’ Day (March 17); and Halloween (October 31). In some states, Arbor Day, Bird Day, and Flag Day are school holidays. Child Health Day (the first Monday in October) is widely observed in schools. Many schools and some businesses close on Good Friday.

Translation:

小时候,我们家的传统节日总是根据足球比赛的时间来准备精美的饭菜。


Detailed reading2 question

Detailed reading

Paragraph 2

Detailed reading2—Question

  • Questions

  • What was the narrator’s father? And what was his hobby?

The narrator’s father did office work. He was fond of watching football matches.

2) Why did the narrator think of her father as her Valentine Man?

Because her father chose Valentine’s Day to show his profound affection for her by presenting her with gifts and showing great care for her on that particular day for many years in succession until he passed away.


Detailed reading3 question

Detailed reading

Paragraph 3

Detailed reading3--Question

Question

What does “the magic” mentioned in Paragraph 3 refer to?

“The magic” mentioned in Paragraph 3 refers to charm added to the day by the wonderful gifts and the profound affection that the narrator’s father gave her.


Detailed reading recollection

Detailed reading

recollection:n.

memory; the power or action of remembering the past; something in one’s memory of the past

Detailed reading–recollection

e.g.

I have no recollection of meeting him.

Comparison:

recollection, collection

collection:n. a group of things that are put together

Practice:

1)

2)

A of empty wine bottles stood on the back porch.

Her of the events is rather patchy.

_________

collection

recollection

__________

Derivation:

recollect: v.


Detailed reading succession

Detailed reading

succession:n.

happening one after another

Detailed reading–succession

Collocations:

in succession

a succession of

e.g.

She won the championship four times in succession.

e.g.

A succession of visitors came to the door.

Comparisons:

succession to the throne, accession to the throne

succession to the throne: the act of becoming the next king or queen

accession to the throne: the act of becoming king or queen


Detailed reading contest

Detailed reading

contest:n.

a struggle to win control or power; a competition, esp. one judged by a group of specially chosen judges

Detailed reading– contest

e.g.

Many beautiful girls from the five continents participated in the Beauty Contest.

Comparison:

match:n. an organized sports event between two teams or people

Derivations:

contestant: n. someone who competes in a contest

contest: v.


Detailed reading cute

Detailed reading

cute: adj.

1) attractive in an amusing or interesting way

Detailed reading– cute

e.g.

What a cute little baby!

2) (sometimes derog.) (too) clever; shrewd

e.g.

You must approach her carefully, for she is a cute woman.

Synonyms:

lovely, pleasant

Derivation:

cuteness: n.


Detailed reading surpass1

Detailed reading

surpass: v.

exceed; go beyond in amount, degree, or quality

Detailed reading– surpass1

e.g.

China wants to catch up with and surpass the developed countries in the world.

Collocation:

surpass expectations/hopes/dreams: be better than you had expected, hoped, etc.

e.g.

Her splendid performances surpassed all our expectations.

Derivation:

surpassing: adj. much better than that of other people or things


Detailed reading surpass2

Detailed reading

Translation:

Detailed reading– surpass2

He surpassed all his rivals.

他比所有的对手都强。


Detailed reading5 question

Detailed reading

Paragraph 5

Detailed reading5-Question

Question

What gifts did the narrator’s father give her as she grew

older?

As she grew older, the narrator’s father gave her such gifts as heart-shaped boxes filled with her favorite chocolates, which always included a special card signed “Love, Dad.”


Detailed reading give way

Detailed reading

give way

1) have its place taken by

Detailed reading—give way

e.g.

Steam trains gave way to electric trains.

2) agree to do what someone else wants to do, instead of what you wanted to do

e.g.

He is too stubborn to give way.

Comparisons:

give away, give in

give in: unwillingly agree to someone’s demands after they have spent a lot of time arguing with you, trying to persuade you

e.g.

They argued back and forth until finally Buzz gave in.


Detailed reading perfunctory

Detailed reading

perfunctory:adj.

(of an action) done hastily and without thought, interest or care

Detailed reading–perfunctory

e.g.

Olivia dismissed him with a perfunctory nod.

Antonym:

discreet: adj. done or said in a careful way

Derivation:

perfunctory: n. someone who is perfunctory


Detailed reading s that box and its

Detailed reading

That box and its contents ushered in a succession of bittersweet memories of my entrance into a world of popularity contests marked by the number of cards received, the teasing about boyfriends/girlfriends and the tender care I gave to the card from the cutest boy in class. (Paragraph 3)

Detailed reading—S_ That box and its …

Translation:

那只箱子以及其中的贺卡礼物勾起了我一连串苦乐交织的回忆:(六岁起,)我开始加入一场场展示受欢迎程度的角逐,最终结果取决于收到贺卡的数量、有关男女朋友的揶揄,以及我给予班中最可爱的男生所赠贺卡的关爱程度。


Detailed reading s as i grew older

Detailed reading

As I grew older, the gifts gave way to heart-shaped boxes filled with my favorite chocolates and always included a special card signed “Love, Dad. ” (Paragraph 5)

Detailed reading—S_ As I grew older…

Explanation:

The affectionate message might be carried by a heart-shaped box of chocolate candies, or by a bouquet of tulips tied with filmy red ribbon.

Translation:

长大后,我收到的礼物变成了心形的盒子。里面装满了我最喜欢的巧克力,还随附一张很特别的卡片,上面写着“我的心肝,爱你的爸爸”。


Detailed reading s he never

Detailed reading

Detailed reading—S_ He never…

He never let it show. (Paragraph 6)

Paraphrase:

He never revealed his feelings.


Detailed reading activity

Detailed reading

Activity: Making sentences

Detailed reading-Activity

Directions: Use the following words and expressions to make sentences.

elaborate cute fondly recollection succession surpass give way


Detailed reading 7 question

Detailed reading

Detailed reading—7 Question

Paragraph 7

Question

Why was the job of hand-delivering candy and cards relegated to the U.S. Postal Service?

Because the narrator settled down in a rural area, which was far away from where her father lived.


Detailed reading eventually

Detailed reading

eventually:adv.

at last; in the end

Detailed reading-- eventually

e.g.

After many attempts she eventually managed to get promotion.

Comparison:

eventfully:adv. in a way that is full of interesting or important events

Derivations:

eventual: adj.

eventuality: n. a possible event or result, esp. an unpleasant one


Detailed reading deliver

Detailed reading

deliver: v.

take goods, letters, etc. to people’s houses or places of work

Detailed reading--deliver

e.g.

Letters are delivered every day.

Collocation:

deliver sth. to

e.g.

Could you deliver this letter to the accounts department?

Derivations:

deliverer: n. someone who takes goods, letters, etc. to people’s houses or places of work

delivery: n. the act of bringing goods, letters, etc. to the person or place they have been sent to


Detailed reading relegate

Detailed reading

relegate: v.

put into a lower or worse place

Detailed reading--relegate

e.g.

He was relegated to a remote place to do farm work.

Comparison:

delegate:v. give part of your power or work to someone in a lower position

Practice:

1)

2)

A good manager knows when to .

Their football team was .

delegate

________

relegated

_________

Derivation:

relegation: n.


Detailed reading assortment

Detailed reading

assortment:n.

a mixture of different things or of various kinds of the same thing

Detailed reading--assortment

e.g.

She has an odd assortment of friends.

This is an assortment of sweets.

Synonym:

collection: n. a group of things that are put together

Derivation:

assorted: adj. of various different kinds


Detailed reading scrawl

Detailed reading

scrawl: v.

write in a careless, hurried, awkward, or unskillful way

Detailed reading--scrawl

e.g.

She scrawled a brief note and handed it to her secretary.

Synonym:

scribble: v. write something quickly and untidily

Practice:

1)

2)

Don’t on the wall.

I his phone number in my address book.

scrawl

______

scribbled

________

Derivation:

scrawl: n. something written in an untidy careless way


Detailed reading legible

Detailed reading

legible:adj.

(of handwriting or print) that can be read, esp. easily

Detailed reading--legible

e.g.

Her handwriting was tiny and barely legible.

Antonym:

illegible

Derivation:

legibility: n.


Detailed reading s never in ten

Detailed reading

Never in ten years was my father’s package late nor was it on the Valentine’s Day eight years ago when I reached into the mailbox to find a card addressed to me in my mother’s handwriting. (Paragraph 7)

Detailed reading—S_ Never in ten …

Translation:

10年中,我父亲的包裹总是准时寄到,即使在8年前的情人节,也是如此。那天,我把手伸进邮箱,拿到的是一张寄给我的卡片,上面是我母亲的笔记。


Detailed reading s it was the kind of

Detailed reading

It was the kind of card that put a lump in your throat and teas in your eyes because you knew the person no longer was to go out and buy a real valentine. (Paragraph 9)

Detailed reading—S_ It was the kind of…

Translation:

这是张能让人喉咙哽咽、泪水盈眶的贺卡,因为当你看到它时,你明白这个人再也无法出门给你买情人节贺卡了。


Detailed reading 8 10 question

Detailed reading

Paragraphs 8-10

Detailed reading-8-10 Question

Question

How did the writer describe the final card she received from her dying father?

It was an ordinary-looking card, but full of her dying father's year-long affection for her which could move the author into tears.


Detailed reading 11 12 question

Detailed reading

Paragraphs 11-12

Detailed reading—11-12 Question

Questions

1) Why does her father’s final card still remain on her bulletin board today?

It’s a reminder of her father, being special and important for her years long.

2) Would you please paraphrase the concluding part?

It is something that makes me remember how particularly great fathers can be and how valuable and influential it has been to me over the years to have such a loving father. Those things will always live in my heart, and the same is true of the memory with my father on Valentine’s Day.


Detailed reading reminder

Detailed reading

reminder:n.

something that reminds you of something that happened in the past

Detailed reading-reminder

Collocation:

reminder of sth.

e.g.

Her disability remains as a perpetual reminder of the war years.

Comparison:

remembrance:n. a memory that you have of a person or event

Derivation:

remind: v.


Detailed reading generosity 1

Detailed reading

generosity:n.

willingness to give money, time, etc. in order to help or please someone

Detailed reading-generosity 1

e.g.

People admire him for his diligence, friendliness, and generosity.

Antonym:

miserliness

Derivation:

generous: adj.


Detailed reading generosity 2

Detailed reading

Translation:

Detailed reading-generosity2

His generosity claims our respect.

他的慷慨值得我们尊敬。

以德服人

convince by kindness or generosity


Detailed reading activity1

Detailed reading

Activity: Write a love story

Detailed reading-Activity

Directions: Work in groups of three or four. Write a love story of no more than 500 words, which is supposed to happen on Valentine’s Day. You should use the following words and expressions in your story.

elaborate fondly recollection succession

cute surpass give way perfunctory eventually deliver scrawl legible reminder generosity


Consolidation activities vocabulary main

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Consolidation Activities- Vocabulary main

Phrase practice

Word comparison

Synonym / Antonym

Sentence rephrasing


Consolidation activities phrase practice 1

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 1

think of as = regard as 认为,把……当作

e.g.

Crying is always thought of as the nature of women. 人们总认为哭是女人的天性。

You can’t think of him as a friend but a business associate.

你不能把他当做朋友,他只是你的生意伙伴。


Consolidation activities phrase practice 2

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

usher in = be the beginning of 引进,开创

Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 2

e.g.

The manager ushered in a series of reform.

经理开创了一系列的改革。

The change of the president ushers in new ideas and policies.

新总统的上台带来了新的理念和政策。


Consolidation activities phrase practice 3

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

more of = to a greater degree 更

Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 3

e.g.

Piracy is becoming more and more of a problem in China.

隐私在中国已日益成为一个问题。

He is more of an athlete than his brother.

他比他兄弟更适合当运动员。


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 1 1

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 1

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison1.1

careful:if you are careful, you give serious attention to

what you are doing, in order to avoid harm,

damage, or mistakes

e.g.

We had to be very careful not to be seen.

elaborate: containing a lot of careful details or many

detailed parts

e.g.

They are making the most elaborate preparations for the wedding.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 1 2

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 1

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison1.2

conscientious: careful to do everything that it is your

job or duty to do

e.g.

A conscientious teacher may feel inclined to take work home.

conscious: if you are conscious of something, you notice

it or realize that it is happening

e.g.

I had to make a conscious effort not to be rude to him.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 2 1

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 2

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison2.1

create: when someone creates a new product or process,

they invent it or design it

e.g.

It is really great for a radio producer to create a show like this.

produce: to bring something or bring something into

existence

e.g.

France produces a great deal of wine for export.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 2 2

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 2

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison2.2

make:to cause an object to exist, for example, by

putting the different parts of it together

e.g.

I’m going to show you how to make a box.

invent: if you invent something such as a machine or

process, you are the first person to think of it or

make it

e.g.

He invented the first electric clock.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 3 1

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 3

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison3.1

eventually:in the end, especially after a long time or a

lot of effort, problems, etc.

e.g.

Although she had been ill for a long time, it still came as a shock when she eventually died.

lastly: used when telling someone the last thing at the

end of a list or a series of statements

Lastly, could I ask all of you to keep this information secret?

e.g.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 3 2

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 3

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison3.2

finally: you use “finally” to suggest that something

happens after a long period of time, usually later

than you wanted or expected it to happen

e.g.

Finally, after ten hours of negotiations, the gunman gave himself up.

at last: finally

e.g.

I’ve finished my essay at last.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 4 1

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 4

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison4.1

usher:to help someone to get from one place to another,

especially by showing them the way

e.g.

He ushered her into the room.

guide: if you guide someone around a city, museum, or

building, you show it to them and explain points of

interest

e.g.

There will be guided walks around the site.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 4 2

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 4

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison4.2

introduce: to put something into use, operation or a

place for the first time

e.g.

The smaller 10 pence coin was introduced in 1992.

display: to show something to people, or put it in a place

where people can see it easily

e.g.

All the exam results will be displayed on the notice board.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 5 1

Vocabulary

Grammar

Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Group 5

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison5.1

aging:someone or something that is aging is becoming

older and less healthy or efficient

e.g.

John lives with his aging mother.

old: used to describe or ask about someone’s age

e.g.

He’s a couple of years older than me.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 5 2

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Group 5

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison5.2

aged: very old

e.g.

She nurses her aged mother.

elderly: you use “elderly” as a polite way of saying that

someone is old

e.g.

Many of those most affected are elderly.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 6 1

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Group 6

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison6.1

continue:to keep happening, existing or doing something,

or to cause something to so this

e.g.

It’s said that the boat went down, but the band continued to play.

remaining: the remaining people or things are those that

are left when the others have gone, or been

dealt with

e.g.

The few remaining guests were in the kitchen.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 6 2

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Group 6

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison6.2

persist: if something undesirable persists, it continues to

exist

e.g.

These problems persisted for much of the decade.

maintain: to continue to have; to keep in existence, or

not allow to become less

e.g.

The army has been brought in to maintain order in the region.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 7 1

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Group 7

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison7.1

address:if a letter, envelope, or parcel is addressed to you, your name and address have been written on it

e.g.

Applications should be addressed to: The business affairs editor.

deliver: to take goods, letters, parcels, etc. to people’s houses or places of work

e.g.

Mail is delivered to our office twice a day.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 7 2

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Group 7

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison7.2

send: to arrange for something to go or be taken to another place, especially by post

e.g.

Lyn sent some pictures from the wedding.

signal: to show that you intend or are ready to do something

e.g.

The union has signaled that the workers will strike.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 8 1

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Group 8

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison8.1

reminder: a person or thing which makes you remember a particular person, event or situation

e.g.

This has been a timely reminder of the need for constant care.

caution: the quality of being very carefully to avoid danger or risks

e.g.

We urged caution.


Consolidation activities word phrase comparison 8 2

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Group 8

Consolidation Activities- Word / Phrase comparison8.2

notice: information or a warning given about something that is going to happen in the future

e.g.

The next time you visit, can you give me more notice?

remainder:the remainder of a group are the things or people that still remain after the other things or people have gone or have been dealt with

e.g.

Nine people came in and the remainder stayed outside.


Consolidation activities synonym antonym1

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Give synonyms or antonyms of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.

Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym1

  • The traditional holidays in our house when I was a child were spent timing elaborate meals around football games.

rich, well-prepared, complicated, complex

Synonyms:

2. My father tried to make pleasant chitchat and eat as much as he could during half time.

Antonyms:

unpleasant, displeasing, disagreeable, bitter, nasty


Consolidation activities synonym antonym2

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3. I don’t know whether it was because work at the office slowed during February or because the football season was over.

Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym2

Synonyms:

slacken, decelerate

4. Over the years I fondly thought of him as my “Valentine Man.”

coldly, bitterly, hatefully, spitefully

Antonyms:


Consolidation activities synonym antonym3

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5. … the tender care I gave to the card from the cutest

boy in class.

Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym3

Synonyms:

lovely, lovable, attractive

6. I remember wearing that ring with a pride that all the cards in the world could not surpass.

shame, disgrace, humiliation

Antonyms:


Consolidation activities synonym antonym4

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Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym4

7. In those years my thank-yous became more of a perfunctory response.

Synonyms:

indifferent, half-hearted, thoughtless

8. I had a father who continued a tradition of love with a generosity of spirit.

Antonyms:

selfishness, greediness, meanness


Consolidation activities word derivation1

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Listening

Rephrase each of the following sentences with the word given in brackets.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation1

1. We must have your answer tonight at the latest. (insist)

We insist on having your answer tonight at the latest.

2. My father is going to lend me his car tonight. (borrow)

My father is gong to let me borrow his car tonight.


Consolidation activities word derivation2

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Rephrase each of the following sentences with the word given in brackets.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation2

3. We see it as a wonderful opportunity. (look)

We look upon it as a wonderful opportunity.

4. You don’t mean to say you want a fifth ice cream, do you? (surely)

You surely don’t want a fifth ice cream, do you?


Consolidation activities word derivation3

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Rephrase each of the following sentences with the word given in brackets.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation3

5. There is almost nothing in the house to eat tonight. (hardly)

There is hardly anything in the house to eat tonight.

6. The bank now owns this block of flats. (belong)

This block of flats now belongs to the bank.


Consolidation activities word derivation4

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Rephrase each of the following sentences with the word given in brackets.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation4

7. Is it really advisable to freeze this sort of food? (should)

Should we really freeze this sort of food?

8. There’s no need to telephone me when you arrive. (bother)

Don’t bother to telephone me when you arrive.


Consolidation activities word derivation advocate 1 1

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insistv.

demand sth. should happen 坚决要求,坚持

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- advocate1.1

e.g.

They insisted that everyone should come to the meeting.

insist on / upon sth.

e.g.

The girl insisted on checking everything herself.


Consolidation activities word derivation respect 2 1

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borrow v.

get temporarily借,借入

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect2.1

e.g.

They are poor but they never borrow money from others.


Consolidation activities word derivation respect 3 1

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Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect3.1

look v.

perceive with attention 看

e.g.

Look at the blackboard please.

look upon/on = regard as

e.g.

We look upon it as a very promising attempt.


Consolidation activities word derivation respect 4 1

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Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect4.1

surely adv.

certainly, definitely 稳当地,无疑地

e.g.

I surely need your support and trust.


Consolidation activities word derivation respect 5 1

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Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect 5.1

hardly adv.

almost not 几乎不

e.g.

The children in the family hardly watch TV.


Consolidation activities word derivation respect 6 1

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Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect6.1

belong to:

be owned by 属于

e.g.

I think the toy must belong to that girl.


Consolidation activities word derivation respect 7 1

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Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect7.1

should aux.

will, need to 应该,将要

e.g.

All kids should be taken good care of.


Consolidation activities word derivation respect 8 1

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Consolidation Activities- Word derivation- respect8.1

bother to:

(usually used in the negative form) to cause inconvenience or discomfort to 费心,麻烦……

e.g.

It’s no bother to me. And I'll be glad to do it.


Consolidation activities vocabulary main1

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Consolidation Activities- Vocabulary main

Real and unreal conditionals

It + be + … + that


Consolidation activities grammar 1 1

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With real conditionals, there is a chance that the condition will be fulfilled; with unreal conditional there is no such chance.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar1_1

e.g.

If he arrives on time, he will be able to go with us. (Real condition)

If he had arrived on time, he would have been able to go with us. (Unreal condition)

If I were (was) you, I would be careful. (Unreal condition).


Consolidation activities grammar 1 2

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Conditional sentences have two clauses. Real conditionals:

Consolidation Activities- Grammar1_2


Consolidation activities grammar 1 3

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Unreal Conditions — present:

Consolidation Activities- Grammar1_3


Consolidation activities grammar 1 4

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Unreal Conditions — past:

Consolidation Activities- Grammar1_4


Consolidation activities grammar p1

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Consolidation Activities- Grammar _P1

Practice:

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.

1.

2.

3.

What (happen) if I press this button?

If the story hadn’t been true, the newspaper

(not print) it.

I (not buy) things on the installment system if I were you.

will happen

__________

wouldn’t have printed

___________________

wouldn’t buy

____________


Consolidation activities grammar p 2

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Consolidation Activities- Grammar_P2

Practice:

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.

4.

5.

6.

If he’d taken his doctor’s advice he

(not die).

She’ll lose weight if she (go) on a diet.

If I were you, I (not believe) his story.

wouldn’t have died

_________________

goes

____

wouldn’t believe

_______________


Consolidation activities grammar pop1

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Consolidation Activities- Grammar_POP1

In a real conditional, when talking about the future, the verb in the if-clause is in the present tensewhile that in the main clause is in the future tense.


Consolidation activities grammar pop2

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Consolidation Activities- Grammar_POP2

In an unreal conditional, we use “if + past perfect” and “would + have done” in the main clause when we talk about something in the past.


Consolidation activities grammar pop3

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In an unreal conditional, we use a past tense in the if-clause and “would do” in the main clause when we talk about present or future situations.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar_POP3


Consolidation activities grammar 2 1

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Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.1

Sentences introduced by “It is” or “It was” are often used to emphasize a specific subject or object. The introductory clause is then followed by a relative pronoun. “It + be + … + that” can be used to highlight the subject, object, adverbial of time, place, manner, cause.


Consolidation activities grammar 2 2

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e.g.

It is Jenny whospends all her money on shoes. (subject)

It is shoes thatJenny spends all her money on. (object)

It was in London thathe met his first wife. (place)

It was only when he phoned that I realized what had happened. (time)

It is learning English that I find most enjoyable nowadays. (gerund action)

Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.2


Consolidation activities grammar p11

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Practice:

Highlight the underlined parts in the following sentences using “it + be + … + that.”

Consolidation Activities- Grammar_ P1

1. I put them into the soil the day my first son was born.

It was on the day my first son was born that I put them into the soil.

2. We reached Istanbul by train.

It was by train that we reached Istanbul.


Consolidation activities grammar p2

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3. He’s feeling unwell because he’s been working too hard.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar_ P2

It is because he’s been working too hard that he’s feeling unwell.

4. The awful weather drives him crazy.

It is the awful weather that drives him crazy.


Consolidation activities grammar p3

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Consolidation Activities- Grammar_ P3

5. We get light and heat from the sun.

It is from the sun that we get light and heat.

6. I understood the true state of affairs not until I had read your letter.

It was not until I had read your letter that I understood the true state of affairs.


Consolidation activities translation 1 1

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1. 索菲亚委婉地取笑汤姆那顶新帽子,而汤姆不顾情面地对她的卷发嘲弄了一番。( tease sb. about)

Consolidation Activities- Translation1.1

If you tease sb. about something, you make fun of sb., esp. by making him believe sth. that is untrue, or you dig dirt about sb., or mock or joke about sb.

Sophia teased Tom about his new hat mildly, but Tom teased her curly hair unmercifully.


Consolidation activities translation1 2

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Practice:

别的男孩经常拿他的口音取笑。

Consolidation Activities- Translation1.2

The other boys used to tease him about his accent.

每当有人对乔的体重开玩笑时。他就勃然发怒。

Whenever anyone teases Joe about his weight, he sees red.

我们经常取笑约翰的秃头,但他并不见怪。

We often tease John about his bald head but he takes it in good part.


Consolidation activities translation 2 1

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2. 他痛哭不已,我设法劝他不要过度悲伤。( give way to)

Consolidation Activities- Translation2.1

If you give way to sb. or sth., you move in order to make room for them.

He kept crying bitterly, and I tried to persuade him not to give way to grief.


Consolidation activities translation 2 2

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Practice:

当两辆汽车在路上相遇时,双方司机必须相互礼让通行。

Consolidation Activities- Translation2.2

When two cars pass each other, both drivers should politely give way to each other.

在激烈的竞争下,市场需要往往会让位于竞争需要。

In a highly competitive environment, the needs of the market usually givewayto the need for competition.

暴风雨过后一定是灿烂的阳光。你的暴风雨也会过去。你的难题终将解决。

Storms always givewayto the sun. Your storm will pass. Your problem will be solved.


Consolidation activities translation 3 1

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3. 我想当然地认为你想要看这出戏,所以给你买了一张票。(take for granted)

Consolidation Activities- Translation3.1

If you take sth. for granted, you accept without question or objection; or you use, accept, or treat it in a careless or indifferent manner.

I took it for granted that you would like to see the play, so I bought you a ticket.


Consolidation activities translation 3 2

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Practice:

我们把每个人都应该有受教育的机会视为理所当然。

Consolidation Activities- Translation3.2

We take it for granted that everyone should have the chance of being educated.

他意大利语说得极好,所以我就理所当然地把他当做土生土长的意大利人。

I took it for granted that he was a native Italian because he spoke Italian so well.


Consolidation activities translation 4 1

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4. 当我告诉她那个消息时,不知道为什么自己喉咙哽咽起来。(a lump in one’s throat)

Consolidation Activities- Translation4.1

If there is a lump in your throat, you have a tight or uncomfortable feeling in the throat, as a reaction to an emotion.

I don’t know why telling her the news brought a lump in my throat.


Consolidation activities translation 4 2

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Practice:

当我看到她受苦时,心里感到特别不好受。

Consolidation Activities- Translation4.2

I got alumpinmythroat on seeing her suffer.

当我听到她与病魔斗争的故事时,我的喉咙哽咽了。

I felt a lump in my throat on hearing her story of fighting with the illness.


Consolidation activities integrated skills

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Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Consolidation Activities- Integrated skills

Dictation

Cloze


Consolidation activities integrated skills 1

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Dictation

Consolidation Activities- Integrated skills_1

You will hear a passage read three times. At the first reading, you should listen carefully for its general idea. At the second reading, you are required to write down the exact words you have just heard (with proper punctuation). At the third reading, you should check what you have written down.


Skills 2

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skills_2

Dictation

I believe my father is a talented man. / He is decisive and efficient in doing things. / By his own talents and efforts, / he has secured for the family a good social position / and a comparatively rich life. / People of all fields come to my house, / and from them I have gained lots of valuable social experience / and seen a lot of joys and sorrows of the world. /

But at home he is a harsh parent. / He has high expectations of me. / When I am idling away my time, / I can see that it hurts him deeply. / When I am doing something great, / such as writing a book, / he is more than excited. / With such a father, / I always remind myself that I must go on and on, never give up.


Consolidation activities integrated skills 2 1

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Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE

word you think appropriate.

Consolidation Activities- Integrated skills_2.1

People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.

Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)

they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without

(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper and

love

____

sender

______

whether

_______

___

out

letting

______


Consolidation activities integrated skills 2 2

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Consolidation Activities- Integrated skills_2.2

brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones

(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.

In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)

that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10)

. Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!

____

tend

as

__

believed

________

which

_____

all

__


Consolidation activities hints1

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Listening

Here you can use a word meaning “affectionate” .

Consolidation Activities- Hints1

People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.

Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)

they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without

(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper and

love

____

sender

______

whether

_______

___

out

letting

______


Consolidation activities hints2

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the person who sends the message

Consolidation Activities- Hints2

People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.

Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)

they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without

(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper and

love

____

sender

______

whether

_______

___

out

letting

______


Consolidation activities hints3

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Listening

Here you can use a word to include the all places mentioned.

Consolidation Activities- Hints3

People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.

Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)

they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without

(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper and

love

____

sender

______

whether

_______

___

out

letting

______


Consolidation activities hints4

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Integrated skills

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Listening

Here you can use a preposition meaning “from”.

Consolidation Activities- Hints4

People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.

Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)

they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without

(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper and

love

____

sender

______

whether

_______

___

out

letting

______


Consolidation activities hints5

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Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Here you can use a verb meaning “release”.

Consolidation Activities- Hints5

People in countries as far apart as Japan, the United States, Australia and France send Valentine cards to someone they fancy on 14 February, St. Valentine’s Day. Most cards are romantic and express secret (1) messages which don’t let on who the (2) is.

Senders of newspaper messages, no matter (3)

they are in Britain, North America or Australia, must get a thrill (4) of their exhibitionism without

(5) on who is the secret admirer hidden in the words of the advertisement. The British newspaper and

love

____

sender

______

whether

_______

___

out

letting

______


Consolidation activities hints6

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Consolidation Activities- Hints6

Here you can use a verb meaning “incline”.

brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones

(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.

In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)

that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10)

. Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!

____

tend

as

__

believed

________

which

_____

all

__


Consolidation activities hints7

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Listening

Here you can use a preposition meaning “like”.

Consolidation Activities- Hints7

brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones

(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.

In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)

that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10)

. Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!

____

tend

as

__

believed

________

which

_____

all

__


Consolidation activities hints8

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Writing

Listening

Here you can use a word meaning “accept as true”.

Consolidation Activities- Hints8

brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones

(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.

In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)

that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10)

. Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!

____

tend

as

__

believed

________

which

_____

all

__


Consolidation activities hints9

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Which kind of bird it is?

Consolidation Activities- Hints9

brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones

(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.

In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)

that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10)

. Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!

____

tend

as

__

believed

________

which

_____

all

__


Consolidation activities hints10

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The sentence is negative, and “not at all” is a regular collocation.

Consolidation Activities- Hints10

brigades (6) to see themselves or the desired ones

(7) animals, with bears being the firm favorites. But fleas, toads, bugs and mice are well represented.

In parts of the English countryside it is still (8)

that a girl can tell the occupation of her future husband by noting (9) bird she sees first on 14 February. But if it’s a woodpecker, she will find no man at (10)

. Happy bird-watching! Happy Valentine’s Day!

____

tend

as

__

believed

________

which

_____

all

__


Consolidation activities oral activities main

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Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Consolidation Activities- Oral activities_ main

Giving a talk

Having a discussion


Consolidation activities oral activities 1 1

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Writing

Listening

Giving a talk

Consolidation Activities- Oral activities_1.1

Imagine that you are the writer’s father, and now you are seriously ill, knowing that you will not have long to live. Now try to recall how you have spent all the Valentine’s Days in your life, especially how you have shown your love for your daughter on this day during various stages of her life. You may find the following outline helpful for your recounting:


Consolidation activities oral activities 1 2

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— When I was young, I was usually very busy with my

office work. I could hardly find time to spend with my

kids. However …

— I still remember the first Valentine gift I gave to my

daughter, when she was six, was a ring …

— As she grew older, the small gifts were replaced by …

Somehow I felt that in her heart I was replaced too …

— When she moved away from home and started a life

of her own, I …

— Now Valentine’s Day is drawing near. This is probably

the last time I will send her a card …

Consolidation Activities- Oral activities_1.2


Consolidation activities for your reference 1 3

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Integrated skills

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Writing

Listening

A reference for the talk:

Consolidation Activities- For your reference_1.3

— When I was young, I was usually very busy with my

office work. I could hardly find time to spend with my

kids. However, I would choose Valentine’s Day to show

my love for them, especially my daughter. She is so

special and precious to me. I would give her some

lovely gifts as a surprise.

— I still remember the first Valentine gift I gave to my

daughter, when she was six, was a ring with a small

piece of red glass to represent her birthstone, a ruby. I

could see how happy she was, because she always wore

that ring with a pride that all the other gifts in the

world could not surpass.


Consolidation activities for your reference 1 4

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Writing

Listening

— As she grew older, the small gifts were replaced by

heart-shaped boxes filled with her favorite

chocolates. Somehow I felt that in her heart I was

replaced too. I could see she was a little

disappointed because at her age, she really hoped

that the gifts were given by “significant others”.

“Love, Dad” just didn’t seem quite enough.

— When she moved away from home and started a life

of her own, I kept sending Valentine’s cards to her.

The package would come to her on time every year. I

knew she had found “significant others”, but I was

sure she would be happy to receive two Valentine’s

gifts.

Consolidation Activities- For your reference_1.4


Consolidation activities for your reference 1 5

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Integrated skills

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Writing

Listening

— Now Valentine’s Day is drawing near. This is

probably the last time I will send her a card. I decide

to put my words in the card, saying “Dear little girl,

you are our princess. You are so important and

special to me and your mother. If you need me, I will

always be your “Valentine’s Man.”

Consolidation Activities- For your reference_1.5


Consolidation activities oral activities 2 1

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Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Having a discussion

Discuss, in a group of four or five students, the modern tendency that many young people in China nowadays seem to be crazy about western holidays and festivals. Voice your ideas frankly, and then work out a list of the pros and cons. Let one of you present your group’s opinions on the issue to the class.

Consolidation Activities- Oral activities_2.1


Consolidation activities for your reference 2 2

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Writing

Listening

Viewpoints for reference:

Consolidation Activities- For your reference_2.2

I think celebrating western holidays and festivals is acceptable. This is an age of cultural exchanges. We should know the western cultures. Celebrating those holidays is one way. For example, from the celebration of Christmas Day and Easter, we learn some western religions, customs or traditions. On the other hand, some western holidays are quite humanistic. Celebrations of holidays such as Mother’s Day and Thanksgiving Day, which we do not have in China, are an advocate of showing love and appreciation to the people who love and help us. Personally speaking, I am quite supportive of the two days.


Consolidation activities for your reference 2 3

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I worry about the craze. Sometimes people are so crazy about western holidays and festivals that they ignore or forget Chinese traditional festivals. Gradually, those Chinese festivals may vanish. Nowadays, a lot of young men prefer exchanging gifts at Christmas to paying a visit to relatives at Spring Festival. Many people celebrate Valentine’s Day while they totally forget in China we have the Lover Festival (The Seventh Evening of the Seventh Moon) which originated from a beautiful legend. Chinese culture is unique with a long history. What I hope is, when we show our respect for foreign cultures, we can still cherish and pass on our own ones. This is our responsibility.

Consolidation Activities- For your reference_2.3


Consolidation activities writing main

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Writing

Listening

Consolidation Activities- Writing_ main

Stringy sentence

Practice


Consolidation activities writing 1 1

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Writing

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Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.1

Stringy sentences are sentences in which too many clauses are connected. Thus, they seem to be endless. They would be easier to read and understand if they were broken up into separate clauses. To avoid stringy sentences, we can use division, subordination, combination or phrases.


Consolidation activities writing 1 2

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Writing

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A. Division

By division, it is to divide the original sentence into several sentences. Division is employed when the clauses in the original sentence are of equal importance.

Example:

Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.2

Stringy:

He went to a law school, and then he joined a law firm in Miami, and we seldom saw each other anymore.

Revised:

He went to a law school and joined a law firm in Miami. We seldom saw each other anymore.

[Separate the original sentence into two.]


Consolidation activities writing 1 3

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Writing

Listening

B. Subordination

By subordination, it is to change some clauses into subordinate clauses, if they are of less importance.

Example:

Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.3

Stringy:

Miss Lambert was on a diet, and she was hungry, and Mr. Pym offered her a piece of cake, and she could not resist it.

Revised:

Although she was on a diet, Miss Lambert could not resist the piece of cake that Mr. Pym offered her because she was hungry.

[Change all the clauses have been changed into subordinate clauses, except for the second one.]


Consolidation activities writing 1 4

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Writing

Listening

C. Phrase

Phrases can be used to substitute the clauses in the original sentence.

Example:

Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.4

Stringy:

Many students attend classes all morning and they work all afternoon and then they have to study at night so they are usually exhausted by the weekend.

Revised:

After attending classes all morning, working all afternoon, and studying at night, many students are exhausted by the weekend.

[Substitute the first three clauses with participle phrases.]


Consolidation activities writing 1 5

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Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

D. Combination

All the techniques mentioned above can be combined to revise a stringy sentence.

Example:

Consolidation Activities- Writing_1.5

Stringy:

The rains had been heavy in the spring, and the lake was filling up, and some of my friends were thinking about fishing in the stream, and other friends were thinking about getting out their sailboats.

Revised:

Because the rains had been heavy in the spring and the lake was filling up, my friends were thinking either about fishing in the stream or about getting out their sailboats.

[Change the first two clauses into a subordinate clause, and the last one into a prepositional phrase.]


Consolidation activities writing p1 1

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Integrated skills

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Writing

Listening

Practice

Improve the following stringy sentences by any method or combination of methods.

Consolidation Activities- Writing_P1.1

1. We must accept the facts and our enormous energy requirements, but it is also important not to forget that attempts to economize on safety provisions in such hazardous industries result in increased risks, and these increased risks may result in terrible tragedy, even in disasters whose consequences exceed national boundaries, although it is certainly true that a nuclear power station working safely, without accident, is ecologically one of the cleanest of all industrial plants.


Consolidation activities writing p1 2

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Revised:

Consolidation Activities- Writing_P1.2

We must accept the facts and our enormous energy requirements, but it is also important not to forget that attempts to economize on safety provisions risks. And these increased risks may result in terrible tragedy, even in disasters whose consequences exceed national boundaries. It is certainly true, however, that a nuclear power station working safely, without accident, is ecologically one of the cleanest of all industrial plants.

[The original sentence is divided into three sentences.]


Consolidation activities writing p2 1

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Consolidation Activities- Writing_P2.1

2. Whether it is deceiving yourself or deceiving others, deception requires much time and energy and because deception never really achieves anything of value, it is a great waste of your precious life and resources, but instead, you’d better put that time and energy into successfully dealing with the truth, because after all, you’ll have to deal with it eventually, and the sooner you begin the more you’ll be able to accomplish.


Consolidation activities writing p2 2

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Revised:

Consolidation Activities- Writing_P2.2

Whether it is deceiving yourself or deceiving others, deception requires much time and energy. And because deception never really achieves anything of value, it is a great waste of your precious life and resources. Instead, you’d better put that time and energy into successfully dealing with the truth. After all, you’ll have to deal with it eventually, and the sooner you begin, the more you’ll be able to accomplish.

[The original sentence is divided into four sentences.]


Consolidation activities writing p3 1

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3. Giving is more than merely offering objects and when you give, give your time, your attention, your love, compassion, consideration, patience and respect and give a part of yourself, and you will not ever lose it, because that part of you takes on greater influence and value as it touches other lives beyond your own.

Consolidation Activities- Writing_P3.1


Consolidation activities writing p3 2

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Revised:

Consolidation Activities- Writing_P3.2

Giving is more than merely offering objects. When you give, give your time, your attention, your love, compassion, consideration, patience and respect. Give a part of yourself, and you will not ever lose it. That part of you takes on greater influence and value as it touches other lives beyond your own.

[The original sentence is divided into four sentences.]


Consolidation activities writing p4

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Writing

Listening

4. Almost every high school student wants to go to college, and tension and anxiety build to a ridiculous point in college candidates, and this spoils their final year in high school.

Consolidation Activities- Writing_P4

Revised:

As almost every high school student wants to go to college, tension and anxiety build to a ridiculous point in college candidates, spoiling their final year in high school.

[The first clause is changed into a subordinate clause and the last clause into a participle phrase.]


Consolidation activities listening a1

hearts, flowers or

birds

_______________

_____

Vocabulary

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Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Valentine’s Day

You are going to hear a short passage about the origin of Valentine’s Day and how people celebrate it.

Consolidation Activities- Listening_ A1

A. Listen to Part A first, and supply the missing information.

Date of observance:

“Valentines”:

a decorated with

a box of

a tied with

February 14th

____________

____________

romantic card

heart-shaped

chocolate candies

________________

___________

bouquet of flowers

red ribbon

_________

________________


Consolidation activities listening a2

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Integrated skills

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Listening

Messages:

Be

Be

Be

Will

Consolidation Activities- Listening_ A2

My Valentine

___________

My Sweetheart

_____________

My Lover

________

you be my valentine?

__________________

Signatures:

anonymous

Symbols:

Cupid — Roman

of love

heart

_________

Guess who

God of Love

__________

arrow

_____


Consolidation activities listening b1

come to

believe

_______

_______

turned to

Christianity

__________

__________

Vocabulary

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Translation

Integrated skills

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Writing

Listening

B. Now listen to Part B, and fill in the blanks with what you hear.

Consolidation Activities- Listening_B1

It is from the Christians that we

about Valentine’s Day that most people have

. One story is about whose name was “Valentine.” He lived . At that time the Roman Emperor Claudius

any Roman soldiers for any reason whatsoever. So many Roman soldiers

.Together with their girls, they came to Valentine to in a Christian way.

get the stories

_____________

a Christian priest

_______________

around 250 AD

_____________

refused to allow

______________

to get married

_____________

be married secretly

_________________


Consolidation activities listening b2

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Listening

Later Valentine was and by the Roman Emperor. One tradition says that he

to his friends by and then

the window of his prison. The leaves were .

put in prison

_________

discovered

___________

Consolidation Activities- Listening_B2

__________

wrote notes

marking on leaves

________________

throwing them out

________________

shaped like a heart

________________


Consolidation activities listening pop1

Vocabulary

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Translation

Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Valentine’s Day

Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop1

Part A

February 14th is a complicated but interesting holiday. First of all, Valentine’s Day is not a holiday from work. No one gets a day off. On Valentine’s Day people usually send romantic cards to someone they love. The cards are called valentines. They are very colorful, often decorated with hearts, flowers or birds, and have humorous or sentimental verses printed inside. The basic message of the verse is always “Be My Valentine,” “Be My Sweetheart” or “Be My Lover.” Besides cards, a valentine could also be a heart-shaped box of chocolate candies, or a bouquet of flowers tied with red ribbon.


Consolidation activities listening pop2

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But in whatever form, the message is always the same — “Will you be my valentine?” A valentine may be anonymous, or sometimes signed “Guess who.” The person receiving it has to guess who sent it. This can lead to interesting speculation. And that’s half the fun of valentines.

One of the symbols of St. Valentine’s Day is the Roman God of Love, called Cupid. Cupid is often printed on the card, a winged naked infant, poised to shoot his arrow into a heart. He would shoot an arrow of love into a person’s heart to make the person fall in love immediately, maybe with the first person to come along.

Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop2


Consolidation activities listening pop3

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Listening

Sometimes one arrow would go through two hearts, holding them together. So on February 14th not only do we have a picture of the Christian St. Valentine but we also have pictures of the non-Christian Cupid, the Roman God of Love.

Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop3


Consolidation activities listening pop11

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Listening

Part B

Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop1

It is from the Christians that we get the stories about Valentine’s Day that most people have come to believe. One story is about a Christian priest whose name was “Valentine.” He lived around 250 AD. At that time the Roman Emperor Claudius refused to allow any Roman soldiers to get married for any reason whatsoever. So many Roman soldiers turned to Christianity. Together with their girls, they came to Valentine to be married secretly in a Christian way.


Consolidation activities listening pop21

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Integrated skills

Oral activities

Writing

Listening

Later Valentine was discovered and put in prison by the Roman Emperor. One tradition says that he wrote notes

to his friends by marking on leaves and then throwing them out the window of his prison. The leaves were shaped like a heart.

There are many favorite lyrics of Valentine’s Day. Here is one of them: Let me call you sweetheart, I’m in love with you. Let me hear you whisper, that you love me, too. Keep the love light shining, in your eyes so true. Let me call you sweetheart, I’m in love with you.

Consolidation Activities- Listening_ pop2


Section five further enhancement

Text II

Memorable quotes

Section Five Further Enhancement

Lead-in Questions

Text

Questions for discussion


Lead in questions

Text II

Memorable quotes

Lead-in questions

Lead-in Questions

  • Have you ever been confined by illness? What does it

  • feel like?

  • 2. What kind of support does a patient with incurable disease need?


Text 1

Text II

Memorable quotes

MAKE TODAY COUNT

Orville E. Kelly

Text1

Soon after the first chemotherapy treatment, I asked Wanda to help me clean up the studio. The desk, the bookcases, and the typewriter were deep in dust, but we finally managed to make the room spotless. I hadn’t written anyting for a long while. Now I began to write again. One of my first pieces was about a Christmas I remembered. I was seven years old, it was during the

Great Depression, and we were living on a run-down farm. In times as hard as those, I didn’t think I would get any presents. A blizzard had developed on Christmas Eve,

1


Text 2

Text II

Memorable quotes

Text2

and I had snuggled into a featherbed to keep warm, praying that I would get just a little something for Christmas. When I woke the next morning and went downstairs, I found a decorated Christmas tree in the front room, and underneath it, a pair of lace-up boots, a red fire engine, and a sack of candy.

“I have seen many other snowfalls,” I wrote, “but for some reason I always remember that night when the blizzard came on Christmas Eve. Whenever I see the snow coming down and hear the wind begin to howl, I remember a dream that came true.”

2


Text 3

Text II

Memorable quotes

I submitted the story to the local Burlington newspaper — the Hawk Eye — for a winter writing contest and received a first prize for it. That was my first Christmas present of the year. And others came, too. Wanda and I had only a little money, although we had been able to make ends meet with the Social Security disability payments and Veterans Administration checks we had been receiving. But Christmas 1973 turned out to be one of the warmest our family ever had, thanks to the generosity of a few friends, particularly those at the factory where Wanda had worked. We received cash,

3

Text3


Text 4

Text II

Memorable quotes

hams, turkeys, and countless boxes of candy. Wanda bought a few presents for the children. Most important, the entire family was together.

The day after Christmas, I decided it was time for me to write about the struggles of a cancer patient. Before I knew that I had cancer, I had thought of it as similar to

leprosy — a disease that rotted people slowly — and visibly away. Life with cancer didn’t have to be that way, and I wanted people to know this. Of course, I didn’t have all the answers, but I wanted to show that cancer could be approached with openness, and that dying people did

Text4

4


Text 5

Text II

Memorable quotes

have something to live for. Although I had read about all the money being spent on cancer research, I had heard very little about the emotional rehabilitation of cancer patients and their families. The void was obvious. No matter how the problem of cancer is handled in a family, all the members of the family are bound to be affected in some way.

I spent two days writing and editing the piece. “Once,” I wrote in it, “I asked how there could be a God who would let so many terrible things happen. Now I ask myself how I can doubt the existence of God ... when I

Text5

5


Text 6

Text II

Memorable quotes

hear a child’s laughter on a summer evening, or see around me the miracle of life itself. I realize this is life and I am part of it. I know there has to be a God. When I think to myself how lucky I was to have such an understanding person as my wife, Wanda, I know good things happen. When someone does a kind thing for me, I know this is all part of this miracle of living. ”

“On Christmas a Burlington woman called to tell me her husband had been told recently he had lung cancer. She wanted to know if I would come to their house and talk to him. He felt he would like to just sit down and talk to someone with the same problems he had.”

Text6

6


Text 7

Text II

Memorable quotes

“The thought came to me that there should be some kind of organization of people with incurable diseases. These people could help each other, and I am going to work on this ...”

I sent the story to the Hawk Eye, and the editors decided to use it in the Sunday, January 6 edition. The story was carried on Page 2, along with a picture of me looking out from our back porch and another of me taking my pills. The day the story appeared, I received several telephone calls from other cancer patients, telling me how strongly they supported my idea of forming an organization. So I arranged for a gathering at the local

7

Text7

8


Text 8

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Memorable quotes

Elks Club on January 25. With the help of a little publicity from the local newspaper, eighteen cancer patients and members of their families, including Wanda and me, met that night in the upstairs meeting room.

One of the first things I told the group was that I didn’t think we were there to cry on one another’s shoulders. We weren’t there to find out who was the most seriously ill. We were there to share our mutual problems and to try to work them out so that we could live as close to normal lives as possible. We went around the table introducing ourselves and telling our stories as a

Text8

9


Text 9

Text II

Memorable quotes

way to break the ice. After some discussion, we decided we should try to get together once a month to talk with one another and to listen to speakers who could help us face our illnesses.

Several days before the meeting, it occurred to me that if we were going to start a group, we ought to have a name. I had three suggestions: Live Each Day Fully; Live for Today; or Make Today Count.

When I put the suggestions to a vote, the other seventeen hands were raised in support of my choice.

The vote was for Make Today Count.

Text9

10

11

12


Text 1 make today

Text II

Memorable quotes

Text1 –Make Today…

Make Today Count (Title): We should live each day with a gentleness, a vigor, and a keenness of appreciation.


Text 1 chemotherapy treatment

Text II

Memorable quotes

chemotherapy treatment (Paragraph 1): treatment of disease with drugs that directly poison the disease organism. Chemotherapy most often refers to cancer treatment, where powerful drugs with potentially severe side effects are used to eliminate or contain the spread of tumors.

Text1 –chemotherapy treatment…


Text 1 great depression

Text II

Memorable quotes

Great Depression (Paragraph 1): the worst and longest economic collapse in the history of the modern industrial world, lasting from the end of 1929 until the early 1940s. Beginning in the United States, the depression spread to most of the world’s industrial countries. The Great Depression saw rapid declines in the production and sale of goods and a sudden, severe rise in unemployment. Businesses and banks closed their doors, people lost their jobs, homes, and savings, and many depended on charity to survive.

Text1 –Great Depression …


Text 1 christmas eve

Text II

Memorable quotes

Christmas Eve (Paragraph 1): 24 December, the day before Christmas Day, when all preparations for Christmas are complete and when almost everyone starts a holiday of several days. It is a traditional time for parties, and many workplaces, including shops and banks, close earlier than usual. In the late evening, many people go to a church service, and children, on going to bed, traditionally hang up an old sock at the head of their bed for Santa Claus to fill with presents during the night. This role is actually played by the child’s parents.

Text1 – Christmas Eve…


Text 2 christmas tree

Text II

Memorable quotes

Christmas tree (Paragraph 1): The Christmas tree had its origin in Germany. German immigrants took the Christmas tree to other parts of Europe and to the United States and Canada, where it soon became a popular tradition. It is now the centre of interest at most Christmas celebrations. Decorating the tree is part of the Christmas festivities.

Text2–Christmas tree…


Text 3 burlington

Text II

Memorable quotes

Burlington (Paragraph 3): a city in northwestern Vermont, located on Lake Champlain

Text3–Burlington …


Text3 make ends meet

Text II

Memorable quotes

make ends meet (Paragraph 3): have just enough money to buy what one needs

Text3- make ends meet…

e.g.

Since Mike lost his job, we can hardly make ends meet.


Text3 social security

Text II

Memorable quotes

Text3-Social Security …

Social Security (Paragraph 3): public programs designed to provide income and services to individuals in the event of retirement, sickness, disability, death, or unemployment


Text3 veterans administration

Text II

Memorable quotes

Text3- Veterans Administration

Veterans Administration (Paragraph 3): an independent government agency established in 1930 to administer national benefits for veterans. It was replaced by the Department of Veterans Affairs in 1989.


Text4 turkeys

Text II

Memorable quotes

Text4-turkeys

turkeys (Paragraph 3): A traditional midday meal (Christmas dinner) is eaten on Christmas Day. It usually includes roast turkey and Christmas pudding with mince pies, and is accompanied by wine. Roast turkey is stuffed with a bread dressing to absorb the tasty juices as it roasts.


Text4 most important

Text II

Memorable quotes

Most important, the entire family was together. (Paragraph 3): Christmas in the United States is a family festival. “Going home for Christmas” is a cherished custom and no distance seems too great if it enables one to join the family circle for the holiday. Parents welcome home their children and grandchildren and often open their doors to friends and strangers.

Text4-Most important


Text4 leprosy

Text II

Memorable quotes

leprosy (Paragraph 4): a tropical disease that mainly affects the skin and nerves, and can cause tissue change. Leprosy (麻风病) is transmitted following close personal contact and has a long incubation period. It can now be cured if treated with a combination of drugs.

Text4-leprosy


Text5 emotional rehabilitation

Text II

Memorable quotes

Text5- emotional rehabilitation

emotional rehabilitation (Paragraph 4): helping sb. to live a healthy, useful, or active life again after they have been seriously ill


Text5 are bound to

Text II

Memorable quotes

Text5-are bound to

are bound to (Paragraph 4): are certain or extremely likely to

e.g.

In a group as big as this, you are bound to get occasional disagreements.


Text7 porch

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porch (Paragraph 8): an open area with a floor and a roof, often made of wood, fixed to the side of a house on the ground floor

Text7-porch


Text9 break the ice

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break the ice (Paragraph 9): make people who have just met each other less nervous and more willing to talk, for example at a party or meeting

Text9-break the ice

e.g.

Sharon tried to break the ice by suggesting that we all play a game.


Text9 it occurred to me that

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Text9-it occurred to me that

..., it occurred to me that ... (Paragraph 10): ..., it suddenly came into my mind that ...

e.g.

It suddenly occurred to me that we could use a computer to do the job.


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  • What can we infer from the author’s description of a Christmas about the damaging effect of the Great Depression on American farmers?

The Great Depression was devastating to American farmers and their families. Many people lacked adequate food, shelter, and clothing.


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2. What memories of childhood come alive again

whenever the author sees the snow coming down?

Afflicted by the Great Depression, his family lived in poverty. On Christmas Eve, he prayed that he would get just a little present for Christmas and his dream came true the next morning.


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3. What do we know about the author and his family life?

He had served in the armed forces. He or his wife was a disabled person. They lived mainly on the money received from the government.


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4. What did the author think of cancer before he knew

that he had cancer?

He viewed cancer with great horror. He thought of it as a very serious infectious disease in which the flesh and nerves were gradually destroyed.


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5. What were the main criticisms directed against the

government concerning cancer research?

All the money was spent on cancer research, but insufficient attention was paid to the emotional rehabilitation of cancer patients and their families.


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6. According to the author, what psychological problems

may a cancer patient face?

Depression and persistent anxiety. He may have low self-esteem, a sense of hopelessness about the future, and a lack of interest in people and activities once found pleasurable.


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7. What was the author’s intent in writing about the

struggles of a cancer patient?

He wanted to instill positive attitudes in a cancer patient and hoped that the story would serve as an inspiration for all people with incurable diseases.


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8. What did he suggest people with incurable diseases

should do to mitigate their own problems?

They should share their mutual problems, help each other and take part in community life on an equal level with others.


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Read “Red Red Rose” and analyze the rhetoric devices used in the poem.

Guidance: “Red Red Rose” is a love poem written to be sung. The speaker presents two similes, the first comparing his love to a rose and the second comparing his love to a melody. The speaker also uses repetition to echo his sentiments — my luve’s like in Lines 1 and 3; that’s newly and that's sweetly (pronoun, verb, and adverb combinations) in Lines 2 and 4.


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Benjamin Disraeli (1804–1881) was a British Prime Minister, parliamentarian, Conservative statesman and literary figure.

Robert Burns (1759–1796) was a Scottish poet and a lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland, and is celebrated worldwide.


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1. We are all born for love, … It is the

principle of existence and its only end.

— Benjamin Disraeli

We are all born to love, … We live by love and for love only.

principle: a rule or standard especially of a good behavior

e.g.

Confucius suggested one of the principles for the conduct of life: “Do not do to others what you would not want others to do to you.”


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2. Oh my luve’s like a red, red rose,

That’s newly sprung in June;

Oh my luve’s like the melodie

That’s sweetly played in tune.

— Robert Burns

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The lady I love is so fresh and beautiful just like a red rose beginning to blossom in June. She is as sweet and pleasant as the melodies played properly.

in/ out of tune: to be/not be singing or playing the correct musical notes to sound good

e.g.

My guitar doesn’t play in tune; I would find someone to scale it.