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Critical Thinking: Expanding upon Words to build Worlds

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  1. Critical Thinking:Expanding upon Words to build Worlds Janet Orr, Director of TEAL Services

  2. What is Critical Thinking?

  3. Critical thinking is: • -“reasonable reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to believe or do. Robert H. Ennis, 2011 • “the evaluation of an intellectual product (an argument, an explanation, or a theory) in terms of its strengths and weaknesses.” R.H. Johnson (1995) • “self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the • highest level of quality in a • fair-minded way.” • Linda Elder, 2007 Definitions 3

  4. The History of Thinking! Socrates Aquinas Michelangelo Dewey Plato da Vinci Thomas More Locke Ennis Aristotle Descartes Hobbes Bloom Buddhist Teachings 400BC 1900 2011 5

  5. Thinking Skills Shift to the Classroom John Dewey • Immerse thinking skills into the curriculum • Benefit the learner and the community • Teacher as facilitator and guide; partner in the learning process • Guide learners to independently discover meaning and make good decisions. 6

  6. Thinking Tools for the Classroom • Graphic Organizers • Questioning • Concepts Socratic Questioning • Bloom’s • Taxonomy 7

  7. Beyond Wh-Questions! What? When? WHO? Which? Tag Questions ? Yes/No Where? How? Why? 8

  8. Bloom’s Taxonomy (updated) Pohl, M. (2000). Learning to Think, Thinking to Learn: Models and Strategies to Develop a Classroom Culture of Thinking. Cheltenham, Vic.: Hawker Brownlow. 9

  9. Sample Questions:

  10. Leaves by David Ezra Stein, 2007 Creating This young bear has never seen leaves fall off a tree before. Evaluating Analyzing Applying Understanding Remembering

  11. Word Questioning

  12. Pair – Share Share your responses with a neighbor. Which probing questions worked for your word? Can you do research to find some answers? Which probing questions would you change? Did this strategy get you to think more deeply about the word and its uses? 13

  13. Word Questioning

  14. Digital Bloom’s

  15. Organize Thoughts

  16. Communicate Effectively Increase understanding Use logic to think through ideas Planning Problem solving Decision making Scaffolding building from what is known to new learning Inductive thinking 17

  17. A picture is worth a thousand words! • - Study habits • - Increases ability to recall ideas • Demonstrate schema of content “genre” • Supports thinking and comprehension • Builds on multiple intelligences

  18. Problem/Solution Outline (For Beginners and Primary) (For Secondary and University) Problem Wh-questions Probing Questions Clarifying Assumptions Origins Solutions Attempted Solutions 1. 2. Results 1. 2. (Flow Chart) 19

  19. The 5 Ws and Why 20

  20. Compare and Contrast Chart (Classifying) 21

  21. Cluster Map Brainstorming, uncovering relationships 22

  22. Cause and Effect Chart 23

  23. Main Idea Supporting Details Supporting Details • SupportingDetails 24

  24. Web Resources Houghton Mifflin Publishers-free to print http://www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/ Ed Helper – free to print http://edhelper.com/teachers/graphic_organizers.htm The Graphic Organizer – free to print http://www.graphic.org/goindex.html SCORE_ Schools of California Online Resource for Educators http://www.sdcoe.net/score/actbank/torganiz.htm National Center for Accessible Instructional Materials http://aim.cast.org/learn/historyarchive/backgroundpapers/graphic_organizers

  25. Thank You! jkorr@tealservices.net www.tealservices.net