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INTRODUCTION TO CANADA AND CANADIAN FEDERALISM Forum of Federations Intensive Course on Democratic Federalism PowerPoint Presentation
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INTRODUCTION TO CANADA AND CANADIAN FEDERALISM Forum of Federations Intensive Course on Democratic Federalism

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INTRODUCTION TO CANADA AND CANADIAN FEDERALISM Forum of Federations Intensive Course on Democratic Federalism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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INTRODUCTION TO CANADA AND CANADIAN FEDERALISM Forum of Federations Intensive Course on Democratic Federalism. Origins and Historical Evolution of Canada Constitutional Structure Division of Powers Between Ottawa and the Provinces Major Trends and Events Conclusion.

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INTRODUCTION TO CANADA AND CANADIAN FEDERALISMForum of FederationsIntensive Course on Democratic Federalism

Origins and Historical Evolution of Canada

Constitutional Structure

Division of Powers Between Ottawa and the Provinces

Major Trends and Events

Conclusion

origins and historical evolution of canada
ORIGINS AND HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CANADA

People

Confederation – 1867

Development

constitutional structure
CONSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE

Two Key Constitutional Documents

Constitution Act, 1867

Constitution Act, 1982

Constitutional Principles

Central Functions of the Constitution

division of powers between ottawa and the provinces
DIVISION OF POWERS BETWEEN OTTAWA AND THE PROVINCES

“Peace, Order and Good Government”

Sections 91 and 92 of the 1867 Constitution

General Principles for Allocating Powers

General Functions of Each Order of Government

major trends and events
MAJOR TRENDS AND EVENTS

The Social and Political Economy of Canada

Building the Welfare State/ Growth of National and Provincial Debts and Deficits (1950’s, 1960’s, 1970’s)

Cutting Back the Welfare State/ Achievement of Budget Surpluses (1980’s, 1990’s)

Trying to Get the Balance Right

The Competitive Building of Political Communities (1950-95)

Nation Building in Quebec

Province Building Elsewhere in Canada

Nation Building in Canada as a Whole

Ongoing Management of the Federation (1995 – the present)

conclusion
CONCLUSION

Began as a “Quasi-Federation”: Now Is a Genuine Federation

Began as a Highly Centralized Federation: Now Is a Highly Decentralized Federation

Division of Powers - Began With a System of Watertight Compartments: Now Powers and Responsibilities of Each Order of Government Collide; Entanglement and Competition

The Federal Government Had a Paternalistic, Oversight Role at the Beginning: Now Provinces Are Autonomous and Two Orders of Government Are Equally Sovereign in Their Spheres of Jurisdiction

Canada Had in 1867 and Still Has Today a Federal System Dominated by the Executive at Both Levels

Quebec’s Status in the Federation Remains Formally Unresolved, But Life Goes On