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The Free World vs. the Axis of Evil: IRAN. By Brig. Gen. (Res.) Ephraim Lapid Israel Nov. 2007.

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The free world vs the axis of evil iran l.jpg

The Free World vs. the Axis of Evil:IRAN

By Brig. Gen. (Res.) Ephraim Lapid


Nov. 2007

Brigadier General (Res.) Ephraim Lapid is one of Israel's leading authorities in Public and Military Affairs, Middle Eastern Current Affairs.  He has had a rich career in military and public service. General Lapid served as a Senior Intelligence officer in the Israel Defense Forces (I.D.F) including the Operation Officer of the Intelligence in the 70 's. He was after I.D.F. Spokesperson for 5 years and Instructor in the Israeli National Defense College. After retiring from the Israeli Military he served as a senior official in the Jewish Agency. He is a lecturer at Bar-Ilan University and of National Defense at Ariel College. Ephraim Lapid holds a B.A. in Middle Eastern Studies and Arabic from the Hebrew University, an M.A. in Political Science and a teaching certificate.

Index l.jpg

  • Area

  • Population

  • Economy

  • History

  • Germany – Iran relations

  • The Nuclear Project

  • The Nuclear Project – Positions of various parties

  • The Nuclear Project – ways to prevent

  • The Nuclear Project – where do we go?

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Iran - Area

  • 1.6 m. Km².

  • 17 th Place in the world

  • 4x Germany

  • 80x Israel

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Iran - Population

  • Almost 70 m. People

    (10x Israel)

  • 18th Place in the world

  • 90% Shi’ites

  • 40% Illiterate

  • 150,000 People, mostly high educated, leave every year to the west

  • Religious Regime rules most patterns of life, and many youth enter internet and listen to western music

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Iran Economy

  • GDP per capita – $8,250

  • Annual income per capita -


  • Second largest state of the OPEC


  • 10% of reservoir of global oil

  • Second largest country in reservoir

    of Natural Gas

  • Second major branch – agriculture

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Iran - History

  • 1951 – first Democratic

    Elections- Prime Minister Mossadeq

  • 1953 – Revolution

    the Shah Pahlavi, Western orientation

  • 1979 – Islamic revolution, Khomeini,

    The leader of Iran

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Germany - Iran Relations

  • Germany – Iran’s no. 1 trading partner providing vital investments for Iran’s economy

  • 2/3 of Iranian industry relies on German engineering products

  • 5,000 German companies do business with Iran

  • 1,750 companies are registered as members of the German- Iranian Chamber of Commerce in Teheran

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The Nuclear Project

  • Started in the era of the Shah with 2 reactors for the production of electricity

  • 1979 Khomeini halted the project

    out of ideology and fear

  • 1993 Rafsanjani established

    Special Target Force of thousands

    of engineers to study abroad

    Coming back with rich know-how

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The Nuclear Project

  • Original goal – to defend Iran from Pakistan, India and Iraq

  • Later – Israel and the U.S as major enemies to be attacked by nuclear weapons

  • Major Ahmadinejad’s statement :

    To destroy Israel

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The Nuclear Project – Positions of various parties

  • UN – Security Council resolution 1737 (Dec.2006) – Sanctions.

    Resolution 1741(March 2007)

  • IAEA – is dealing now , looking for response of IRAN up to Nov.22

  • U.S. – leads global pressure, including economic sanctions

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The Nuclear Project – Positions of various parties

The Europeans (France, UK, Germany)

Russia – supplier of items for AE. Against sanctions

China - supplier of items for AE. Against sanctions

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The Nuclear Project – Ways to prevent

  • Political pressure

  • Dissuasion

  • Economic pressure

  • Military force

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The Nuclear Project –

  • Where do we go?!

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The End???