The bird flu situation
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The Bird Flu Situation. Facts about Bird Flu. What is Bird Flu?. A highly contagious poultry disease caused by a virus Can infect a variety of other birds Domestic poultry such as chickens and turkeys most susceptible. How do humans get infected?.

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The bird flu situation l.jpg

TheBird FluSituation


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Facts aboutBird Flu


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What is Bird Flu?

  • A highly contagious poultry diseasecaused by a virus

  • Can infect a variety of other birds

  • Domestic poultry such aschickens and turkeysmost susceptible


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How do humans get infected?

  • Through close contact with infected birdse.g. breathing in particles from their droppings

  • Rare for bird flu to infect humans

  • No evidence of human-to-human transmission to dateaccording to WHO


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What are the symptoms of bird flu in humans?

  • Fever, cough, muscle ache, runny nose, and sore throat

  • Some may get eye infectionsand have difficulty breathing

  • Pneumonia or othercomplications may occurat a later stage


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Can bird flu be cured?

  • Tamiflu, an anti-viral drug, appears to be effective in treating bird flu

  • Further testing being doneto confirm effectiveness


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Past cases of Bird Flu infecting humans

Hong Kong (1997)

  • H5N1 virus infected both chickens and humans

  • First time an avian influenza virus found to transmit directly from birds to humans

  • 18 people hospitalised and 6 died

  • 1.5 million chickens killed

  • Virus spread primarily from birds to humans; rare person-to-person infection noted


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Past cases of Bird Flu infecting humans

Netherlands (2003)

  • H7N7 virusinfections among poultry workers and their families in the Netherlands during an outbreak of avian flu among poultry

  • More than 80 cases of H7N7 illness reported and 1 patient died


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Bird Flu Outbreak 2004

  • In birds: Outbreaks of H5N1 virus confirmed among poultry in Cambodia, China, Hong Kong (in a single peregrine falcon), Indonesia, Japan, Laos, South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam (as at 4 Feb 2004)

  • In people: Cases of H5N1 infection in Vietnam and Thailand. Deaths have been reported.



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Should I be alarmed?

  • Bird flu is NOT a significant public health threat to Singapore

  • There are few poultry farms in Singapore, and the slaughter of poultry is not carried out in wet markets


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What has been done?

  • Imports of live poultry and birds, poultry meat and eggs from bird flu-affected countries banned

  • Stepped-up inspection and testing of imported eggs and poultry at points of entry

  • Stepped-up checks onlocal poultry farmsand slaughterhouses


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What has been done?

  • Farms required to implement biosecurity measures e.g. bird-proofing poultry houses, disinfecting vehicles

  • Farm and slaughterhouse employees briefed on how to recognise signs of bird flu, and required to report unusual deathsor suspicion of the disease

  • Farms closed to visitors


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Are we prepared for an outbreak?

  • Within an hour of the first bird flu case being detected, AVA and related agencies will be mobilised to control the situation

  • All hospitals and doctors advised to be on alert

  • Suspected cases will be sent to Tan Tock Seng Hospital for assessment, and to Communicable Diseases Centre 2 for isolation if necessary


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Culling plans

  • Will start culling all birds in local farms as soon as clinical signs of bird flu appear with positive test results

  • All farms will be “sealed up” during culling

  • Eggs produced will be destroyed

  • Ex-gratia payment will be made to owners of the farms for the poultry culled

  • Measures necessary to eradicate disease, safeguard public health and maintain public confidence


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Eatingchickensand other poultry


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Is it safe to eat chickens, eggs, and other poultry products?

  • The poultry and eggs available in the market are safe to eat

  • No evidence that you can get bird flu by eating chicken, eggs and other poultry


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W products?hat about cannedpoultry products?

  • Canned poultry products such as essence of chicken are also safe to eat

  • All canned productsundergo a heat treatmentprocess that effectivelydestroys any viruses


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Food Supply products?

  • With more countries affected by bird flu, prices may go up temporarily

  • Shortfall could be met by:

    • Alternative sources

    • Buffer stocks of frozen poultry meat

    • Liquid and powdered eggs


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Tips for cooking poultry products?

  • Separate raw food from cooked food

  • Wash your hands before and after preparing food

  • Cook poultry meat thoroughly

  • Avoid eating raw orhalf-boiled eggs orsemi-cooked meat


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Live Birds products?in Singapore


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Can products?other birds spread the disease?

  • Crows, mynahs and pigeons in Singapore are not knownto carry bird flu.

  • Migratory birds can becarriers.

  • AVA, NParks and NEA conduct regular checks

    on birds in Singapore.

  • So far, no flu viruseshave been detected


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Is it safe to visit the Jurong Bird Park and the Zoo? products?

  • Singapore is free from bird flu

  • It is safe to go to places where birds can be founde.g. Sungei Buloh,Jurong Bird Park or the Zoo


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Is it safe to keep birds or poultry as pets? products?

  • All imported live birds monitored by AVA for infectious diseases

  • Risk of pet birds getting infected low

  • Precaution: Keep birds inenclosure so that they do notcome into contact with wild birds

  • Wash your hands thoroughlywith soap after handling your pets


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What are the signs of infection? products?

  • Sudden death

  • Lack of energy and appetite

  • Swelling of head, eyelids,comb, wattles and legs

  • Purple discolouration of thewattles and combs

  • Nasal discharge

  • Coughing and sneezing

  • Diarrhoea


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Who can help if I decided to give up my pet birds or chickens?

  • AVA’s Centre for Animal Welfare and Control can help put down your pets humanely

  • Hotline Number: 1800-476 1600



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Is it safe to visit countries with cases of bird flu? chickens?

  • WHO has not advised any travel restrictions so far

  • No quarantined when you return

  • When visiting affected countries, avoid farms and live poultry and birds, and adopt good hygiene practices


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Should I get vaccinated against influenza before I travel? chickens?

  • MOH recommendation:

    • Children aged 6 months and older shouldbe vaccinated if travelling to temperate countries in the Northern Hemisphere

    • Persons likely to beexposed to infectedchickens or farmsshould alsobe vaccinated


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Should I get vaccinated against influenza before I travel? chickens?

  • Purpose of vaccination is to avoid risk of people being infected bybird and humanvirus at thesame time


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What should I do if I suspect I have bird flu? chickens?

  • Consult your doctor immediately if you have had contact with live birds or travelled to a country which has cases of bird flu

  • Or call 993 for a special ambulance to take you to the Communicable Disease Centre for evaluation


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Sources of information chickens?

  • Internet websites

    • www.birdflu.gov.sg

    • www.epic.gov.sg

    • www.ava.gov.sg

    • www.moh.gov.sg


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Sources of information chickens?

  • AVA Hotline:1800-226 2250

  • MOH Hotline:1800-333-9999


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Thank chickens?You


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