stress and psychology l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Stress and Psychology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Stress and Psychology

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Stress and Psychology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Stress and Psychology. … in contrast, but complementary to what we know about stress from a physiological perspective. Changing the normative focus of psychology (i.e., prevention vs. intervention) :. Validate the following: a person can ask for help when needed

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Stress and Psychology' - sherlock_clovis

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
stress and psychology

Stress and Psychology

… in contrast, but complementary to what we know about stress from a physiological perspective

changing the normative focus of psychology i e prevention vs intervention
Changing the normative focus of psychology (i.e., prevention vs. intervention) :
  • Validate the following:
    • a person can ask for help when needed
    • a helper can initiate an offer to help
  • Teach methods of coping (e.g., to establish self esteem)
  • Create ritualistic relationships (e.g., Young Life, Marriage Encounter, Weight Watchers, etc.)

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

learning to cope with stress
Learning to cope with stress...



“operant conditioning”



Function of:



HSS 4543 - Stress Management

this paradigm is referred to as social learning albert bandura
Arousal: how engaged we become with the stimuli we encounter (mental / emotional)


previous successes related to the behavior (self efficacy)

positive / negative reinforcement (including feedback from others)

encouragement to model specific behaviors

This paradigm is referred to as “Social Learning” (Albert Bandura)

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

an additional thought related to expectations
An additional thought related to expectations...







HSS 4543 - Stress Management


to do what “feels” best at the

moment (intuitive / RB) and

in ways that worked before

(analytical / LB)

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

behavior modification
Behavior Modification

One needs to replace a negative response (real or perceived) by rewarding a better response; otherwise, there is a decreased likelihood that change will occur.

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

other theories add to our basic understanding of human behavior
Other theories add to our basic understanding of human behavior:
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Carl Jung
  • Elisabeth Kubler-Ross
  • Viktor Frankl
  • Wayne Dyer
  • Leo Buscaglia
  • Abraham Maslow

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

sigmund freud
Sigmund Freud
  • humans maintain a level of (instinctual) tension that arises from both internal sources (instinctual impulses) and external sources which attack our ego or identity
  • the ego copes with stress through the use of a host of defense mechanisms: denial, repression, projection, rationalization, displacement, and humor

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

carl jung
Carl Jung
  • human personality depends on a process of self-discovery and realization (individuation)
  • individuation can reduce psychic tension by building a bridge of understanding between the conscious and unconscious minds

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

elisabeth kubler ross
Elisabeth Kubler-Ross
  • stress can be aroused through the death of unmet expectations
  • arousal leads to stages of denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance
  • resolution of emotional baggage leads to the final stage (i.e., acceptance) and inner peace

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

viktor frankl
Viktor Frankl
  • complete life experience includes pain and suffering
  • searching for the meaning of the suffering will help to resolve issues of emotional stress
  • focusing on something positive helps to facilitate that search (logotherapy)

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

wayne dyer
Wayne Dyer
  • guilt and worry are associated with virtually every stressor (erroneous zones)
  • guilt is a manifestation of self-anger
  • worry is a manifestation of fear

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

abraham maslow
Abraham Maslow
  • personality traits are a reflection of inner resources that help people cope with stress and achieve psychological health
  • “self-actualization” suggests that humans operate on a hierarchy of needs which ultimately influence our behaviors

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

hierarchy of needs

5. Self-actualization

4. Needs for self-esteem

2. Safety needs

3. Belongingness and love

1. Physiological needs

Hierarchy of Needs

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

leo buscaglia
Leo Buscaglia
  • self love is not innate, but rather a response to a learned group of stimuli and behaviors
  • self love leads to and grows from the process of self-discovery and acceptance
  • Video: “The Politics of Love”

HSS 4543 - Stress Management

emergency psychological first aid
Emergency Psychological First Aid:

When coping with a crisis:

1. Stay optimistic in the face of the crisis.

2. Evaluate honestly your strengths and weaknesses.

3. Keep faith in yourself, your thoughts and your actions.

4. Do something as an attempt to initiate change.

5. Take one step at a time.

6. Enlist help whenever possible.

HSS 4543 - Stress Management