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East Asia and the Pacific Justin Yap Melissa Johns September 26, 2007. Doing Business indicators. 2007. 2008. 2009. Starting a business Dealing with licenses Employing workers Registering property Enforcing contracts Getting credit Trading across borders Protecting investors

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East asia and the pacific justin yap melissa johns september 26 2007 l.jpg

East Asia and the PacificJustin YapMelissa JohnsSeptember 26, 2007


Doing business indicators l.jpg
Doing Business indicators

2007

2008

2009

  • Starting a business

  • Dealing with licenses

  • Employing workers

  • Registering property

  • Enforcing contracts

  • Getting credit

  • Trading across borders

  • Protecting investors

  • Paying taxes

  • Closing a business

  • Update of 2007

  • Add 3 countries

  • Reformer’s Club:

    • 11 case studies

  • Add Not paying bribes

  • Add Using infrastructure

  • Research program on regulations and business opportunities for women


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Ease of Doing Business:The Top 30

  • Singapore

  • New Zealand

  • United States

  • Hong Kong, China

  • Denmark

  • United Kingdom

  • Canada

  • Ireland

  • Australia

  • Iceland

  • Norway

  • Japan

  • Finland

  • Sweden

  • Thailand

  • Switzerland

  • Estonia

  • Georgia

  • Belgium

  • Germany

  • Netherlands

  • Latvia

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Malaysia

  • Austria

  • Lithuania

  • Mauritius

  • Puerto Rico

  • Israel

  • Korea


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Top Reformer in 2006/2007: Egypt

Egypt reformed in 5 of 10 Doing Business indicators



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Benchmarking:What gets measured gets done

  • Simpler business entry in Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Jordan, Lao PDR, Madagascar, Peru, Serbia, Syria, Timor-Leste, Yemen

  • Faster court enforcement in Jordan, Serbia, Poland, Tonga

  • Fewer licenses and approvals required in Poland, Niger, Netherlands

  • Improved investor protections in Mexico

  • Credit information improvements in Afghanistan, Chengdu (China). Georgia, Indonesia, Panama, Vietnam


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ECA reformed the most—whileEAP is second to last

Countries with at least one positive reform in 2006/2007


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Eastern Europe surpasses East Asia in ease of doing business

Average rank on the ease of Doing Business (out of 178 economies)


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Business entry reforms =more businesses

Business density

(registered firms per capita)

Business entry

(new firms in % of registered firms)

Easiest

Most difficult

Easiest

Most difficult

Countries ranked by ease of doing business, quintiles

Source: Doing Business database


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More Reforms →Higher Equity Returns

3-year shareholder returns

Egypt

Colombia

Brazil

Poland

India

Sri Lanka

Venezuela

Number of reforms, 2003-2006


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…and more women entrepreneurs

Female Entrepreneurs

(% of entrepreneurs)

Most difficult

Easiest

Countries ranked by ease of doing business, quintiles

Source: Doing Business database, ILO


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East Asia’s Ranking

Singapore 1

Hong Kong, China 4

Japan 12

Thailand 15

Malaysia 24

Taiwan, China 50

Mongolia 52

Brunei 78

China 83

Vietnam 91

Indonesia 123

Philippines 133

Cambodia 145

Lao PDR 164


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Pacific Region Rankings

Australia 9

Fiji 36

Tonga 47

Samoa 61

Vanuatu 62

Kiribati 73

Solomon Islands 79

Palau 82

Papua New Guinea 84

Marshall Islands 89

Micronesia 112

Timor-Leste 168



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Cost to Start a Business(% income per capita)


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EAP: Best region for ease of hiring

Ease of Hiring Workers (0 = most flexible)

Employing Workers Top 10

1. United States

2. Singapore

3. Marshall Islands

4. Georgia

5. Brunei (new)

6. Tonga

7. Maldives

8. Australia

9. Palau

10. Denmark (new)


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East Asia and Pacific: Taxes are low

Total Tax Rate by Region