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E- Waste An Indian Perspective. E-Waste. Electronic waste or e-waste is any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance. E-waste includes computers, entertainment electronics, mobile phones and other items that have been discarded by their original users. Problems.

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e waste an indian perspective

E- WasteAn Indian Perspective

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

e waste
E-Waste

Electronic waste or e-waste is any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance.

E-waste includes computers, entertainment electronics, mobile phones and other items that have been discarded by their original users.

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

problems
Problems
  • E-waste is the most rapidlygrowing waste problem in the world.
  • It is a crisis of not quantity alone but also a crisis born from toxics ingredients, posing a threat to the occupational health as well as the environment.
  • Rapid technology change, low initial cost, high obsolescence rate have resulted in a fast growing problem around the globe.
  • Legal framework, proper collection system missing.
  • Imports regularly coming to the recycling markets.
  • Inhumanworking conditions for recycling.

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

e waste growth
E-Waste: Growth

IT and telecom are two fastest growing industries in the country.

  • India, by 2008, should achieve a PC penetration of 65 per 1,000 from the existing 14 per 1,000 (MAIT)
  • At present, India has 15 million computers. The target being 75 million computers by 2010.#
  • Over 2 million old PCs ready for disposal in India.
  • Life of a computer reduced from 7 years to 3-5 years.

# Source:http://sify.com/news/fullstory.php?id=13910603,

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

e waste growth5
E-Waste: Growth
  • Over 75 million current mobile users, expected to increase to 200 million by 2007 end.*
  • Memory devices, MP3 players, iPods etc. are the newer additions.
  • Preliminary estimates suggest that total WEEE generation in India is approximately 1,46,000 tonnes per year.#

# Source: http://www.e-waste.in/about_/

* Source: Hindu

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

e waste growth6
E-Waste: Growth

Three categories of WEEE account for almost 90% of the generation:

Large Household appliances: 42.1%

Information and communications: 33.9%

technology equipment

Consumer Electronics: 13.7%

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

e waste main sources
E-Waste: Main Sources
  • Imports;
  • Govt., public and private sector discards (over 70%);
  • PC retailers, manufacturers;
  • Secondary market of old PCs; and
  • Individual Households.

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

e waste hazards
Average PC of approx. 31.5 kg wt. contains:

7.24 kg - Plastics

1.98 kg - Lead

0.693g - Mercury

0.4095g - Arsenic

2.961g - Cadmium

1.98g - Chromium

9.92g - Barium

4.94g - Beryllium

Two million Obsolete PCs would mean:

14,427,000 kg

3,962,700 kg

1,386 kg

819 kg

5,922 kg

3,969 kg

19,845 kg

9,891 kg

E-Waste Hazards

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

existing legislation
Existing Legislation
  • Trans boundary movement of E waste covered under the Basel convention.
  • India ratified the convention in 1992.
  • Waste listed in list A and list B which prohibits such movements.
  • Waste importers exploit such gaps as listed in the convention.
  • Allowed to import against a license.

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

slide10

Existing Legislation…

  • Covered under the “Hazardous Waste Amended Rules, 2003” in List A and B of Schedule 3.
  • The Rule is inadequate to handle generation,transportation and disposal of this complex waste
  • Regulators unable to monitor and regulate the informal sector.
  • DGFT and Foreign Trade Policy 2002-07 trade and licensing – not under free imports.

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

need for legal framework
Need for Legal Framework
  • Ban on total imports of E waste.
  • Domestic legal framework to address these gaps in import of E Waste
  • Need to address safe disposal of domestic waste.
  • Tie recycling in with take-back product

responsibility.

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

slide12

Ingredients of legislation

  • The Framework should address the issue of E waste imports for reuse and recycling.
  • Attract investment in this sector
  • Link up activities of informal sector with formal sector
  • Provide for appropriate framework for processes

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

slide13

Ingredients of legislationContd…

  • Promote adequate ESM technologies for recycling
  • Incorporate precautionary principles and polluter pays
  • Concept of EPR
  • Adopt Consultative process

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

thank you

Thank you

For further information contact:

Toxics Link

H-2 Jungpura Extension

New Delhi- 110014

www.toxicslink.org

Phone: 24320711/8006

Email: info@toxicslink.org

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective