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Building Sustainability From the Ground Up. GreenScapes is:. Multi-media EPA Partnership Program designed to promote a wide variety of environmentally beneficial landscaping and land management practices. GreenScapes is:.

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greenscapes is
GreenScapes is:
  • Multi-media EPA Partnership Program designed to promote a wide variety of environmentally beneficial landscaping and land management practices.
greenscapes is3
GreenScapes is:
  • Designed to help preserve natural resources and prevent waste and pollution by encouraging more holistic decisions regarding waste, water, chemicals, energy, and land use.
greenscapes is4
GreenScapes is:
  • Designed to provide cost-efficient and environmentally friendlysolutions - improving both an organization’s bottom-line and the environment.
think big
Think Big:
  • Roads & Highways
  • Commercial Buildings
  • Industrial Sites
  • Military Installations
  • Brownfields
  • Colleges & Universities
  • Recreation areas - parks, golf courses, ski resorts, amusement parks, …
think about
Think about:
  • Millions of tons of waste materials that are
    • Hauled away to a landfill,
    • Buried, or
    • Burned

Each and every day from landscaping construction and maintenance operations:

    • Trees
    • Shrubs,
    • Brush
    • Lumber
    • Asphalt
    • Concrete, etc…
also consider the millions of gallons of
Also, consider the millions of gallons of:
  • Water
  • Pesticides
  • Fertilizers
  • Fuels
  • Oil

Used each & every day in building and maintaining these lands.

Make more holistic and sustainable decisions regarding and the impact each of these has on the other:
  • Waste generation & disposal
  • Use of
    • Water
    • Chemicals
    • Air
    • Plants
    • Energy
    • Land & Wetlands
  • The first and most important step towards efficient use of resources & pollution prevention.
  • Waste generation by utilizing slow-growing, low maintenance plant materials.
  • Water use - Incorporate compost into the soil to help improve water absorption and retention.
  • Pesticide use - Implement an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program.
  • Energy - Strategically plant vegetation outside and around buildings to reduce indoor heating and cooling needs
Avoid landscaping products that require frequent replacement or maintenance to reduce future waste.
    • Durable products will long outlast those of lesser quality, reducing future waste generation and the need to purchase new or replacement products.
  • Reduce or eliminate plastic silt fencing... and worse
  • Substitute with blankets, berms, and filter-socks made of compost.
compost provides
Compost provides:
  • Superior filtration & erosion prevention/control
  • More easily installed & maintained
  • Control & reduction of non-point source pollution.
  • Does not require removal or disposal from site once job is complete
a few additional ways to reduce
A few additional ways to reduce:
  • Reduce nonpermeable hardscape to minimize rainwater runoff & erosion.
  • Switch from benches, boardwalks & bridges made from wood to long-lived plastic lumber.
  • Conserve water and reduce maintenance by Xeriscaping.
  • Reduce chemical use by using native plants and organic biobased fertilizers.
  • Key to effective management by making the most of your valuable resources -
    • Financial
    • Materials
  • Waste - Chip woody waste and tree clippings into mulch for use on-site.
  • Reuse soils within the work site; create mounds or berms to serve as wind breaks or to add visual interest.
  • Water - Use collected rainwater for irrigation and water features.
ways to reuse
Ways to reuse:
  • Chip trees and wood waste into mulch.
    • Saves money on disposal costs and commercial mulch purchases
    • Provides benefits of mulch:
      • Moisture retention
      • Weed prevention
      • Erosion control
additional reuse options
Additional reuse options:
  • Disassemble and use structural wood elsewhere, sell or grind into mulch. Return wooden pallets to your supplier whenever possible.
  • Donate healthy plants to community gardens, schools, churches, or other local local non-profit organizations when updating or removing trees & shrubs from landscape.
  • Use alternative sources of irrigation water such as gray water, reclaimed water, and collected rain water.
  • Save money on disposal costs, by recycling waste materials

– you may even be able to get a few dollars for them.

  • Waste - Send green waste and food waste that cannot be composted on site to a local composting facility.
  • Waste - Provide recycling receptacles next to trash receptacles.
  • Water - Recycle gray water for irrigation and equipment wash downs.
  • Recycle plastic fencing, barriers, plant & pesticide containers.
  • Collect and recycle used oil & tires from your vehicles and equipment.
  • Rebuying means re-thinking your purchasing habits.
  • Look for products that meet your needs but have a better environmental profile than your current product purchases.
  • Recycled content
  • Biobased products (incl. fuels & lubricants)
  • Renewable energy & products
  • Energy & water efficient

Rebuying is key to sustainability by putting valuable materials back to work .

Change your thinking:

It’s not waste – it’s another resource.

  • Waste - Select long-lived durable products such as composite lumber.
  • Water - Install a green vegetated roof to reduce or eliminate stormwater and "heat island" effect.
  • Fertilizers - Purchase organic, biobased, or slow-release fertilizers
  • Energy - Use high efficiency lighting for roadways, parking lots, security, and landscaping.
for example
For example:
  • Use compost to minimize / eliminate:
    • Soil erosion
    • Runoff
    • Nonpoint source pollution
    • Irrigation
    • Fertilizers
    • Pesticides

It’s both a recycled & biobased product.

a proven technique
A Proven Technique
  • Compost blankets, berms, and filter socks have been added to the US EPA menu of Best Management Practices (BMPs) for storm water management - NPDES.
  • State DoT’s are specifying compost for roadside erosion control.


did you know
Did You Know?:
  • For every 1% of organic matter, the soil can hold 16,000 gallons of plant-available water per acre of soil down to one foot deep!
  • Most soils average approx. 1% organic content
  • Healthy soils average 5-6%

(5 x 16,000 = 80,000 gallons water holding capacity)

better faster cheaper cleanups
Better, Faster, Cheaper Cleanups
  • Provides an inexpensive & straightforward solution to managing hazardous industrial waste streams & remediating soils contaminated with toxic organic and inorganic compounds.
proven effective for
Proven effective for:
  • Chlorinated & nonchlorinated hydrocarbons
  • Wood-preserving chemicals
  • Solvents
  • Heavy metals
  • Pesticides
  • Petroleum products
  • Explosives
returns site to precontamination condition
Returns site to precontamination condition
  • Provides soil conditioning
  • Nutrients
  • Water retention
  • Erosion control
  • Micro-organisms essential for healthy soil


  • Select plastic lumber made from recycled bottles & bags.
    • Extremely durable
    • Lasts longer than wood
    • Requires less maintenance than wood
      • Labor
      • Paint / solvents
      • Repairs
    • Significant long-term savings.


  • Specify rubberized asphalt (made from recycled tires) for:
    • Walking paths
    • Bike paths
    • Cart paths
    • Parking lots

Extends the life of the trails and reduces frequency of repairs.


Benefits of just these 3 products:CompostPlastic lumberRubberized asphaltEvery scrap of organics, plastics (LDPE, HDPE, PET), and tires generated in the entire U.S could be put to use by the landscaping industry alone.

  • Equal or better performance
  • Material cost savings
  • Labor cost savings
  • All of this means money in your pocket.
the economic environmental benefits of greenscaping
Reduced water use

Reduced irrigation costs – water & energy

Reduced plant growth

Reduced plant maintenance

Reduced waste generation

Reduced labor – time & cost (maint. & disposal)

Reduced equipment operating times

Reduced equip. maint. – labor & supplies

Reduced fuel use

Reduced emissions

Reduced fertilizer use – material & labor savings

Reduced pesticide use –material & labor savings

Reduced nonpoint source pollution

Reduced exposure to hazardous materials

Reduce insurance costs

The Economic & Environmental Benefits of GreenScaping:
additional benefits of greenscaping
Additional Benefits of GreenScaping:
  • Reduced exposure to

your customers,

employees, and yourself

from potentially harmful

chemicals, solvents, fuels,

and pesticides.

additional benefits of greenscaping38
Additional Benefits of GreenScaping:
  • Improved competitive edge with reduced costs and improved materials & energy efficiency.
additional benefits of greenscaping39
Additional Benefits of GreenScaping:
  • Improved public perception of your business.
additional benefits of greenscaping40
Additional Benefits of GreenScaping:
  • Knowledge that you are making a difference by helping prevent pollution, curb climate change, and reduce your “environmental footprint” on the Earth.

EPA Partnership program to implement & promote “green” landscaping practices

      • Partners & Allies
  • Provides state-of-the-art recommendations
    • Web-based cost calculators & resources
      • Multi-media … continually updated
      • Large & Small scale

National Recognition Program & Case Studies

  • A growing group of organizations, large and small, coming together to promote green landscaping practices.
  • Currently 185+ including:
    • US Green Building Council
    • American Society of Landscape Architects
    • American Nursery & Landscape Association
    • Home Depot
coordination with other national efforts
Coordination with other national efforts:
  • GreenScapesand EPA is actively involved in the Sustainable Sites Initiative
  • Many site features are not fully addressed under the current Green Building LEED® standards, but are essential to the sustainability of green spaces
  • Establish a standard for sustainable site design, construction, and maintenance with clearly defined metrics. The USGBC will incorporate SSI into the next version of LEED – a “bookshelf” system
  • For more info:
greenscapes is also working with
GreenScapes is also working with:
  • EMS guidance to enhance and amplify green landscaping
  • The Federal “Green Highways” initiative
  • Both encourage more “sustainable” construction & maintenance practices
greenscapes involves



Air quality




Green Buildings


Smart Growth

Low Impact Development

Green Infrastructure

GreenScapes involves:
greenscapes now includes information recommendations for homeowners
GreenScapes now includes information & recommendations for Homeowners

Commercial business Homeowner guide

& industry guide

educating homeowners by
… educating homeowners by
  • Working with local governments, homeowner associations, county extension agents
  • Working with large retail organizations such as Home Depot & Walmart
  • Working with and supporting our 190+ GreenScapes Partners & Allies
the future is now get ahead of the game
The Future is Now – Get Ahead of the Game
  • More Federal, State, and local gov’ts will specify “sustainable” & “low impact development” techniques.
  • Businesses and industry are focusing on sustainability.
  • Homeowners are seeking out a growing number of “green” practices and products.
step 1 save money via greenscapes step 2 find new money
Step #1 – Save money (via GreenScapes)Step #2 – Find new money:
  • EPA's 2008 Request for Applications for Smart Growth Implementation Assistance is now open until May 8, 2008.
  • Competitive solicitation open to state, local, regional, and tribal governments (and non-profits that have partnered with a governmental entity) that want to incorporate smart growth techniques into their future development.
  • For more information and application materials, please go to:
thank you
Thank You


For more info …

Jean Schwab

(703) 308-8669

Join Us!