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Hurricane Noel and its Remnants Impact on Atlantic and Caribbean Coastal Areas. Presented by: Rob Macedo – KD1CY, Director of Operations for the VoIP Hurricane Net kd1cy@voipwx.net. Agenda. Discuss Noel’s developments in the Caribbean and Atlantic.

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hurricane noel and its remnants impact on atlantic and caribbean coastal areas

Hurricane Noel and its Remnants Impact on Atlantic and Caribbean Coastal Areas

Presented by: Rob Macedo – KD1CY,

Director of Operations for the VoIP Hurricane Net

kd1cy@voipwx.net

agenda
Agenda
  • Discuss Noel’s developments in the Caribbean and Atlantic.
  • Impact to the Caribbean islands and the Bahamas
  • Its transformation into a powerful hybrid storm/nor’easter type system.
  • Discuss Impact to Eastern New England.
  • Discuss Impact to the Canadian Maritimes.
sources for this presentation
Sources for this Presentation
  • Sources for this presentation include:
    • NHC Yearly Tropical Weather Summary
    • Satellite and Radar imagery from NWS Taunton and other web sites
    • Reports from Amateur Radio SKYWARN Spotters in the NWS Taunton County Warning Area and the NWS Taunton Public Information Statements and Local Storm Reports
    • Canadian Hurricane Center reports and observations as the storm moved through the Canadian Maritimes.
noel s early developments and impact
Noel’s Early Developments and Impact
  • Noel formed from a tropical wave off the west coast of Africa on 10/16.
  • After the wave survived hostile upper level winds near the Lesser Antilles, the upper level winds relaxed, allowing the formation of a Tropical Depression that quickly reached tropical storm status.
  • Noel made landfall along the South Coast of Haiti as a tropical storm.
  • The storm center was disrupted by the high terrain of Haiti but reformed near Northwest Hispaniola. Flooding rains affected this region of the Caribbean.
  • Noel then made another landfall in Eastern Cuba and meandered in that region for 24 hours.
  • Noel began to strengthen as it departed Cuba and moved over the Bahamas on November 1st reaching hurricane strength at 0000 UTC November 2nd and became an “extratropical system” by 0000 UTC November 3rd about 275 miles Southeast of Cape Hatteras North Carolina.
noel s impact on the caribbean islands
Noel’s Impact on the Caribbean Islands
  • Despite only being a tropical storm, Noel’s impact to the Caribbean Islands was significant and was responsible for the following:
    • Significant flooding and mudslides across the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Eastern Cuba and the Bahamas.
    • 147 Deaths Across the Caribbean and the Bahamas.
    • 42 Persons missing as of the writing of the NHC Tropical Weather Summary.
    • Damage costs were not noted but given the extent of the flooding and loss of life, those costs are likely significant.
  • Situation that Noel caused emphasizes the importance of having a strong local Amateur Radio response not just for hurricanes but for tropical storm systems as well.
    • Having that Amateur Radio response take place starting with a tropical storm also provides readiness if the tropical storm suddenly reaches hurricane strength and increasing readiness if all else fails.
  • Tropical Storms while posing less of a wind threat can cause some level of wind damage and more importantly can cause significant flooding hazards.
what is an extratropical system
What is an “Extratropical” System
  • “Extratropical” means a system that is either no longer tropical in nature or is a hybrid type system that may have both warm core and cold core characteristics.
  • Noel was a bit of a hybrid containing the characteristics of both warm and cold core systems.
  • Noel was classified as having the characteristics of a “major nor’easter” type system having strong northeast and northerly winds as it approached New England and the Canadian Maritimes.
  • Major Nor’easter systems can have similar power to a hurricane for different meteorological reasons.
noel s impact to eastern new england and the canadian maritimes
Noel’s Impact to Eastern New England and the Canadian Maritimes
  • The Extratropical remnants of Noel strengthened slightly and then weakened slightly passing 85 miles East-Southeast of Nantucket Island late November 3rd, 2007.
  • Landfall of the Extratropical remnants of Noel occurred after 0600 UTC November 4th, 2007 with maximum winds of 75 MPH.
  • The storm weakened and merged with another extratropical low near the coast of Greenland early on November 6th, 2007.
  • At a high level, Noel’s remnants produced the following conditions across Eastern New England and Canada:
    • Hurricane force wind gusts.
    • Extensive tree and power line damage and power outages particularly over Southeast New England and the Canadian Maritimes with some structural damage reported.
    • Significant coastal flooding that washed out coastal roads in portions of Nova Scotia and some structural damage to low lying homes on Nantucket Island.
    • No known deaths or injuries reported.
  • Let’s take a more detailed look at the response in Eastern New England and the impact across Eastern New England and the Canadian Maritimes.
noel response and impact in new england
Noel Response and Impact in New England
  • By Thursday Night November 1st, it became clear Eastern New England would obtain significant impact from Noel.
  • High Wind Watches, Flood and Coastal Flood Watches were posted.
  • Storm Coordination Emails were sent to the SKYWARN email lists warning ARES/RACES/SKYWARN MARS Ham Operators and Spotters of the threat.
  • Media folks that look for assistance from the Amateur Radio Community on weather data made contact with us to provide that level of support.
noel response and impact on new england
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • Headlines in one of the coordination messages on November 1st.
  • ….Hurricane Noel is expected to transition into a large and powerful ocean storm with the potential to bring heavy rainfall of 1-3” with possibly higher amounts particularly in Eastern New England, strong/damaging winds and the potential for Coastal Flooding on the Saturday Evening High Tide across Eastern New England….
  • ….A High Wind Watch is in effect from Saturday Morning through Saturday Evening for Eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Wind Advisories maybe required for other parts of the region for Saturday. Marine interests should use extreme caution and stay in port on Saturday….
  • ….The track of the storm will ultimately determine how badly the storm affects Southern New England. Latest models indicate a track similar to the previous runs or potentially slightly closer to the coast….
  • ….Coastal Flooding is possible at the time of the Saturday Evening High Tide across Eastern New England along north and east facing beaches….
  • ….SKYWARN Activation with Ops at NWS Taunton is likely on Saturday for a potential activation lasting as long as 18 hours….
noel response and impact on new england10
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • On November 2nd, 2007, it became clear that Noel would have significant impact on at least Southeast New England with potential impact further inland in New England if the track was closer to the coast.
  • Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency announced that the State EOC would activate at 7 AM on November 3rd for storm operations with limited support from the Massachusetts Emergency Management Team including RACES Support.
  • NWS Taunton SKYWARN Activation would commence at 7 AM ET November 3rd to support storm damage reports from the affected area of Noel’s remnants.
  • Hurricane force wind gusts were expected across Cape Cod and the Islands possibly extending into portions of extreme South Coastal Massachusetts.
  • 1-4” of rainfall with isolated higher amounts were expected especially in extreme Southeast New England.
  • Several city and town EOC’s, Emergency Operation Centers, along the coast and particularly on Cape Cod and the Islands activated.
noel response and impact on new england11
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • ….Noel is transitioning into a large and powerful extratropical ocean storm and will bring damaging winds to much of Eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island with hurricane force wind gusts possible over Cape Cod and the Islands. Significant urban and poor drainage flooding with some level of river and stream flooding is also possible and there is a threat for moderate Coastal Flooding over Cape Cod and the Islands….
  • ….A High Wind Warning is in effect from 6 AM to 9 PM Saturday for Eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island….
  • ….A High Wind Warning is in effect from 4 AM to Midnight Saturday for Cape Cod and the Islands….
  • ….A Wind Advisory is in effect from 8 AM to 6 PM Saturday for Southeast New Hampshire, Central Massachusetts and North-Central and Northeast Connecticut….
  • ….A Flood Watch is in effect from Saturday Morning through Saturday Evening for Rhode Island and Southeast Massachusetts from Boston and Norfolk County south to the coast….
  • ….A Coastal Flood Warning is in effect from Saturday Morning through Saturday Evening for the morning and evening high tide cycles for Cape Cod and the Islands….
  • ….Hurricane Force Wind Warnings and Storm Warnings are in effect for the Eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island coastlines. See Hazardous Weather Outlook for specific areas for coastal warnings….
  • ….Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency’s State EOC and Region Two HQ will be doing a limited activation starting at 7 AM with RACES support….
  • ….Local ARES/RACES Groups should closely monitor the progress of this significant ocean storm and seek advice from local ARES and RACES leadership on any possible activation….
  • ….SKYWARN Activation with Ops at NWS Taunton will occur starting at 7 AM Saturday and last through late Saturday Night/early Sunday Morning….
noel response and impact on new england12
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • SKYWARN Activation commences at 7 AM and RACES operations at the Massachusetts State EOC begin along with operations at various city/town EOC’s.
  • Isolated reports of tree and power line damage are noted in the mid-morning hours between 7-10 AM.
  • Pace of reporting picks up after 10 AM as winds pick up rapidly with damaging winds by midday. Damaging to hurricane force winds take hold over Cape Cod and the Islands later in the afternoon and evening.
  • Damage to a few wide-span roof structures and a few residences occur across extreme South Coastal Massachusetts and Cape Cod and the Islands.
  • Power Outages mount over the Cape Cod and the Islands.
  • Rainfall of 1-4” occurs but flooding issues were minimal except for urban and poor drainage flooding on Cape Cod and the Islands.
noel response and impact on new england13
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • Selected damage reports from the NWS Taunton Local Storm Report provided by Amateur Radio:
  • 0100 PM NON-TSTM WND GST BRISTOL 41.68N 71.27W
  • 11/03/2007 M60.00 MPH BRISTOL RI AMATEUR RADIO
  • 0100 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG TIVERTON 41.65N 71.20W
  • 11/03/2007 NEWPORT RI CO-OP OBSERVER
  • 35 FOOT TREE UPROOTED ON REED STREET
  • 0116 PM NON-TSTM WND GST NANTUCKET 41.27N 70.10W
  • 11/03/2007 M60.00 MPH NANTUCKET MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • 0118 PM NON-TSTM WND GST FALMOUTH 41.55N 70.61W
  • 11/03/2007 M59.00 MPH BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
noel response and impact on new england14
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • 0309 PM NON-TSTM WND GST LYNN 42.47N 70.96W
  • 11/03/2007 M57.00 MPH ESSEX MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • 0309 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG BREWSTER 41.75N 70.08W
  • 11/03/2007 BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • LARGE TREE DOWN ON SEAVIEW STREET
  • 0310 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG ROCKPORT 42.65N 70.62W
  • 11/03/2007 ESSEX MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • WIRES DOWN
  • 0311 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG DENNIS 41.73N 70.20W
  • 11/03/2007 BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • LARGE OAK TREE DOWN ON RTE 134
  • 0313 PM NON-TSTM WND GST HYANNIS 41.65N 70.30W
  • 11/03/2007 M55.00 MPH BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
noel response and impact on new england15
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • 0430 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG BARNSTABLE 41.70N 70.30W
  • 11/03/2007 BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • TWO TREES AND WIRES DOWN ON RACE LANE
  • 0441 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG NANTUCKET 41.27N 70.10W
  • 11/03/2007 NANTUCKET MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • SKYLIGHT BLOWN OFF HOUSE AND TREE BLOCKING WAHINGTON
  • STREET
  • 0444 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG BARNSTABLE 41.70N 70.30W
  • 11/03/2007 BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • TREES AND POWER LINES DOWN ON RTE 6A
  • 0453 PM NON-TSTM WND GST EASTHAM 41.83N 69.97W
  • 11/03/2007 M62.00 MPH BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
noel response and impact on new england16
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • 0620 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG BARNSTABLE 41.70N 70.30W
  • 11/03/2007 BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • TWO TREES DOWN AND AMATEUR RADIO TOWER BLOWN DOWN IN
  • CENTERVILLE
  • 0630 PM NON-TSTM WND GST BARNSTABLE 41.70N 70.30W
  • 11/03/2007 M89.00 MPH BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • DAVIS ANEMOMETER - INSTRUMENT DESTROYED
  • 0940 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG HARWICH 41.69N 70.07W
  • 11/03/2007 BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • POLICE COMMUNICATIONS TOWER BLOWN DOWN
  • 0940 PM NON-TSTM WND DMG FALMOUTH 41.55N 70.61W
  • 11/03/2007 BARNSTABLE MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • SEVERAL ROOFS BLOWN OFF NEAR COUNTY DISPATCH CENTER
  • 0945 PM HIGH ASTR TIDES GLOUCESTER 42.62N 70.65W
  • 11/03/2007 ESSEX MA AMATEUR RADIO
  • WATER TREATMENT PLANT PUMP ROOMS FLOODED - UNTREATED
  • SEWAGE DISCHARGED INTO ANNISQUAM RIVER
noel response and impact on new england17
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • ...BARNSTABLE COUNTY...
  • SOUTH YARMOUTH 4.00 918 PM 11/3 HAM RADIO
  • CHATHAM 3.94 811 AM 11/4 NWS UPPER AIR SITE
  • HYANNIS 3.52 830 PM 11/3 AIRPORT
  • BARNSTABLE 3.47 925 PM 11/3 HAM RADIO
  • FALMOUTH/OTIS AB 3.21 1159 PM 11/3
  • FALMOUTH 3.14 800 PM 11/3 OTIS AFB
  • TRURO 3.13 919 PM 11/3 HAM RADIO
  • BREWSTER 3.05 700 AM 11/4 HAM RADIO
  • HARWICH 3.00 912 PM 11/3 HAM RADIO
  • EAST FALMOUTH 2.52 913 PM 11/3 HAM RADIO
  • EASTHAM 2.44 920 PM 11/3 HAM RADIO
  • ...DUKES COUNTY...
  • MARTHAS VINEYARD 2.09 1159 PM 11/3
  • ...NANTUCKET COUNTY...
  • NANTUCKET 3.53 1159 PM 11/3
noel response and impact on new england18
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • MASSACHUSETTS
  • ...BARNSTABLE COUNTY...
  • BARNSTABLE 89 630 PM 11/3
  • EAST FALMOUTH 72 230 PM 11/3
  • EASTHAM 66 808 PM 11/3
  • FALMOUTH OTIS AFB 63 316 PM 11/3
  • FALMOUTH 66 223 PM 11/3
  • WELLFLEET 66 143 PM 11/3
  • HYANNIS 60 830 PM 11/3 AIRPORT
  • CHATHAM 57 511 PM 11/3
  • HYANNIS 56 1002 PM 11/3
  • TRURO 56 800 PM 11/3
  • ...BRISTOL COUNTY...
  • NEW BEDFORD 47 232 PM 11/3
  • TAUNTON 45 305 PM 11/3
  • …NANTUCKET COUNTY…
  • NANTUCKET (HARBORMASTER) 94 MPH
  • NANTUCKET (HOME) 92 MPH
  • NANTUCKET 72 MPH
noel response and impact on new england19
Noel Response and Impact on New England
  • RHODE ISLAND
  • ...BRISTOL COUNTY...
  • BRISTOL 60 100 PM 11/3
  • ...KENT COUNTY...
  • PROVIDENCE/GREEN 45 336 PM 11/3
  • ...NEWPORT COUNTY...
  • LITTLE COMPTON 64 250 PM 11/3
  • PORTSMOUTH 61 218 PM 11/3
  • NEWPORT 56 1250 PM 11/3
  • NEWPORT 56 900 PM 11/3 AIRPORT
  • ...WASHINGTON COUNTY...
  • BLOCK ISLAND 52 255 PM 11/3
  • WESTERLY 43 224 PM 11/3
noel impact on the canadian maritimes
Noel Impact on the Canadian Maritimes
  • Summary wind and rain data from New Brunswick ...
  • Total rainfall Max. Wind gust
  • Amounts (mm) (km/h)
  • Saint John 71.2 82
  • Point Lepreau 81.2 82
  • Grand Manan 59.0 82
  • St Stephen 72.4 63
  • Fredericton 56.7 83
  • Bas Caraquet 95.6 72
  • Miscou Island 59.6 87
noel impact on canadian maritimes
Noel Impact on Canadian Maritimes
  • Summary wind and rain data from Nova Scotia ...
  • Total rainfall Max. Wind gust
  • Amounts (mm) (km/h)
  • Yarmouth 50.4 85
  • Brier Island 37.0 107
  • Baccaro Point 76.9 126
  • Western Head 73.8 104
  • Lunenburg N/a 104
  • Shearwater 36.7 N/a
  • Mcnabs island N/a 135
  • Halifax int'l‘ 53.1 113
  • Kentville 70.5 81
  • Greenwood (windy hill) 51.7 (100)
  • Kejimkujik 71.6 N/a
  • Upper stewiacke 34.5 104
  • Debert 35.5 102
  • Parrsboro 60.9 67
  • Nappan 53.2 91
  • Caribou Point * 18.7 122
  • Tracadie 57.8 106
noel impact on canadian maritimes22
Noel Impact on Canadian Maritimes
  • Summary wind data from Newfoundland ...
  • Max. Wind gust
  • (km/h)
  • Burgeo 111
  • St. Lawrence 94
  • Winterland 104
  • Port aux Basques 113
  • Sagona 135
  • St. John's 80
  • Bonavista 111
  • Gander 98
  • Deer Lake 95
  • Stephenville 95
  • Wreckhouse 180
  • Daniel's harbour 109
  • Ferolle point 104
  • Notable marine data from maritime and Newfoundland waters ...
  • A peak wind of 66 knots or 122 km/h was reported at the west
  • Scotian Slope buoy. The highest significant wave height of 13.9
  • metres was reported at the Georges Bank buoy. The Halifax wave rider
  • buoy reported a significant wave height of 10.3 metres.
noel storm damage pictures in new england

Noel Storm Damage Pictures in New England

Pictures provided by David Gray-W1ACK and the hurricane flags at Chatam given by a Eastern US WX Poster

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Noel caused many issues across the Caribbean and in New England and the Canadian Maritimes.
  • In both cases, it did this without becoming a hurricane. When it was hurricane, it was over open waters.
  • Lessons learned are to be prepared for systems that are at tropical storm strength and that tropical systems bare watching even after they become extratropical.