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Legal
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Legal

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  1. Legal

  2. PURPOSES OF MILITARY JUSTICE • Promote Justice • Maintain Good Order and Discipline • Promote Efficiency and Effectiveness • Strengthen the National Security

  3. LEGAL SOURCES OF MILITARY JUSTICE • U.S Constitution • Articles of War • Uniform Code of Military Justice • Manual for Courts-Martial, U.S. 1984 • Local Regulations • Court Decisions

  4. KEYPERSONNEL IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM • Commander • Staff Judge Advocate • Trail Counsel • Defense Counsel • Military Judge • Legal Specialists • Court Reporter

  5. UCMJ JURISDICTION • Over the Person: • Active Duty Soldiers • Reserve Soldiers, certain times • U.S. Academy Cadets • National Guard in Federal Service • Others • Over the Offense: • Concurrent Civilian Jurisdiction? • Worldwide Jurisdiction

  6. UNLAWFUL COMMAND INFLUENCE A Superior Cannot: • Order a Subordinate to take specific action • Intimidate or Discourage a Witness • Reprimand or give unfavorable ratings • for conduct as court or board member

  7. IMPORTANCE OF PROPER COMMAND CONTROL • Personal Importance • Discipline, Efficiency, and Integrity of • the system • Civilian Impressions and Reputation • of the system

  8. ADMINISTRATIVE INSPECTIONS • Commanders have the right and duty to inspect troops and equipment. • Primary Purpose is to ensure security, fitness, • property accountability, or good order and • discipline. • If contraband is found during inspection it • may be seized as evidence.

  9. RIGHTS WARNING • Nature of the suspected offense • Right to remain silent • Any statement made can be used at trial • Right to consult an attorney prior to questioning and have attorney present during questioning • Right to representation at all critical stages

  10. NONPUNITIVE ENFORCEMENT • Good leadership • Counseling: Oral and written • Reprimands: Oral and written • Enlisted administrative separations • Corrective training • Bars to Reenlistment • Withhold benefits and privileges

  11. Correct, educate, reform soldiers. • Avoid the stigma of a court-martial. • Promote efficiency in discipline. • Minor crimes under UCMJ • Other administrative measures fail or • they are not appropriate NONJUDICIAL PUNISHMENT ARTICLE 15, UCMJ • Commanders authorization to impose punishment • Purposes of an Article 15: • When is an Article 15 appropriate?:

  12. NONJUDICIAL PUNISHMENT ARTICLE 15, UCMJ • No right to lawyer • Extra duties and restriction • Records not admissible at Court-martial. • Provides “formal” record • Significant punishment and rehab potential • Pay, reduction, extra duties, restriction • Right to consult with lawyer • Types of Article 15’s • Summarized: • Formal:

  13. ARTICLE 15 PUNISHMENTS • Reduction in Rank • Correctional Custody • Forfeiture of Pay • Extra Duty • Restriction • Reprimand/Admonition

  14. Article 15 Punishment Punishment Company Grade Field Grade • Extra Duties 14 Days 45 Days • Restriction 14 Days 60 Days • Reduction (E1-E4) One rank All Rank • Forfeiture 7 Days Pay 1/2 mnth x 2 • *Summarized Art 15: 14 Days Extra Duty & 14 Days Restriction only!!

  15. NONJUDICIAL PUNISHMENT ARTICLE 15, UCMJ • Any officer in command may impose Article 15 • Limitations on Article 15 Authority: • Superior commander cannot direct subordinate • to issue Article 15 or impose punishment • Superior commander may withhold all or • partial Article 15 authority

  16. ARTICLE 15 HEARING • Purpose: Determine if soldier committed offense • Standard: Proof beyond a reasonable doubt • Persons present: Commanders option; usually: • Accused • 1SG/SGM • Supervisory chain • Commander’s actions: • Consider evidence • Decide guilt or innocence • Impose punishment • Explain right to appeal

  17. Procedure: • Written appeal • Submitted thru imposing commander • Appellate authority: • Next superior commander • Actions on appeal: • Approve punishment • Mitigate (lesson) • Remit (forgive) • Suspend (hang over head) • Set aside (wipe out) ARTICLE 15 APPEALS

  18. FILING OF ARTICLE 15’s • Summarized: • Kept at unit for two years or until transfer • Formal: • E4 and below same as summarized • E5 and above are filed in OMPF, • restricted or performance side

  19. MILITARY JUSTICE • COURTS-MARTIAL: • SUMMARY • SPECIAL • BCD SPECIAL • GENERAL COURT-MARTIAL (GCM)

  20. Summary Court-Martial • Required MembershipConvening Authority • 1 Commissioned Officer Battalion Commander • Persons TriableMaximum Punishment • Enlisted Soldiers Confinement - 1month Reduction, Forfeiture: Offenses Triable2/3 of 1 month’s pay • Any non-capital offense • punishable by the UCMJ

  21. B.CD SPECIAL Court-Martial • Required MembershipConvening Authority • Military Judge Division/ Post Commander • 3 or more members • Trial/Defense Counsel Maximum Punishment Bad Conduct Discharge • Persons Triable Confinement - 6 months • Enlisted Soldiers Reduction, Forfeiture: 2/3 of Pay per month for 6 months • Offenses Triable Fine • Any non-capital offense • punishable by the UCMJ

  22. GENERAL Court-Martial Required MembershipConvening Authority • Military Judge Division/ Post Commander • 5 or more members • Trial/Defense Counsel Maximum PunishmentPersons Triable Dishonorable/Bad Conduct • Enlisted Soldiers Discharge • Commissioned Officers Life / Death • Warrant Officers Reduction Offenses Triable Forfeiture: Total • Any capital offense Fine • punishable by the UCMJ

  23. Investigation Preferral Article 32 Investigation (GCM) Referral Motions Trial Clemency (RC 1105) Appellate process TheCourt-Martial Process

  24. Crimes

  25. CAPITAL CRIMES Article • Desertion (wartime) 85 • Disobeying order of superior 90 commissioned officer (wartime) • Mutiny & Sedition 94 • Misbehavior before the enemy 99 (9) • Subordinate compelling surrender 100 • Improper use of a countersign 101 • Forcing a Safeguard 102

  26. CAPITAL CRIMES Article • Aiding the enemy (knowingly) 104 • Spies (mandatory if wartime) 106 • Espionage 106a • Improper hazarding of vehicle 110 • Misbehavior of sentinel (lookout) 113 • Murder (premed. or felony) 118 • Rape 120 • Conduct unbecoming officer 133

  27. CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT Rape DD & Life Indecent Assault DD & 5 Yrs Fraternization DD & 2 Yrs Assault 3 MOS to DD & 20 Yrs Extortion DD & 3 Yrs Threat DD & 1 Yr Indecent Exposure BCD & 3Yrs Disrespect BCD-DD & 1-5Yrs Sodomy DD & 5-20 Yrs Indecent Language DD & 2 Yrs Prostitution/Pandering DD $ 1, 5 Yrs Attempts, Solicitation, Conspiracy

  28. legal assistance Office 125 E 8th Street, BLDG 1706 Flw, MO 65473 Ph#(573) 596-0629 fax (573)596-0105 Office hours 0830-1600 hrs Walk-ins mon at 1300 hrs and thurs at 0900hrs Walk-ins are first come, first served basis Wills/ estate planning wed by appointment Scheduled appointments- call 596-0629 Notary and power of attorney on walk-in basis Mon-fri 0830-1545 hrs

  29. QUESTIONS?